Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

DATA CENTERS

No description
by

Levi Sperry

on 9 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of DATA CENTERS

DATA CENTERS
DATA CENTER AUTOMATION SYSTEMS
Two types of automation inherent with Data Centers.
DATA CENTER FACTS
-A server purchased in 2011 has 45x more computing capacity than a similarly configured server from 2001.
https://www.google.com/search?q=DATA+CENTER+DEFINITION&rlz=1C1GGGE___US541US541&oq=DATA+CENTER+DEFINITION&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.3755j0j8&sourceid=chrome&espv=210&es_sm=93&ie=UTF-8
UNINTERRUPTABLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS)
ROUTER
- Transports information between the server and the outside world
SERVER
- Responds to requests on a computer network to provide a network service such as data storage or communication
CABLING
- Cat5e
DATA CENTER BASICS
A large group of networked computer servers typically used by organizations for the remote storage, processing, or distribution of large amounts of data.
EQUIPMENT/TECHNOLOGY
SECURITY
PHYSICAL SECURITY
INFORMATION/NETWORK SECURITY
FIRE PROTECTION
-Water will not be first choice for sprinkler systems (it may be required though)
CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
- Avoid using exterior walls in a data center
- Ensure only authorized personnel are allowed in ( bio-metrics, key-pad)
- Video cameras and motion detectors should be utilized
- Raised floor system
OTHER
- Protection against natural disasters
- Data centers should be located in the safest possible place, resistant against flooding, lightning, etc
DATA BACKUP
- Tape backup
- Most common
- Backups are run daily and are kept off-site
- Data vaulting
- Uses WAN link to remote backup facility
- Continuous backup
- Expensive
STANDBY SITES
- The facility that takes over operations when the main facility is lost
- Hot standby - Duplicates the critical systems (same software, data, and connectivity)
- Warm standby - Similar to hot standby. Backup tapes with most recent info is required for full operation
- Cold standby - Minimal or no equipment. Replacement systems need to be purchased and installed if needed
NETWORK SECURITY
Tier 1 - Edge-access protection via firewalls

Tier 2- Firewalls separate publicly accessible devices (web or DNS servers, mail relays) from the rest of the network

Tier 3 - Additional protection/separation of highly critical/private information from the rest of the network

Intrusion detection - NOC should be able to monitor a breach of the network and respond to it
- Provides backup power when the main
power source is lost
- Houses various pieces of data center equipment
RACK
- A panel of network ports that connect incoming and outgoing lines of a LAN, communications, or electrical system
PATCH PANEL
- Connect computers together
and connect those computers
to the internet
- Cat6
- Fiber optic
- FM200 gas is not damaging to equipment
or personnel
- Manual abort switches are required when using a gas system
-Google’s data centers use around 260 million watts of power which accounts to 0.01% of global energy.
-Facebook says that its users utilize around 7PB of photo storage from its facility every month.

-PB=PETABYTE, had to look this one up. PB= 10^15 bytes
-1PB=1000TB, 1TB=1000 GigaBytes. (Quantify)
- Batteries & Flywheels
- TVSS or SPD (Surge Protection)
-Helps Remove Harmonics, Electrical impulses, and
Frequency variation.
http://storageservers.wordpress.com/2013/07/17/facts-and-stats-of-worlds-largest-data-centers/
-not enough time to touch on this in detail.
Building Automation System
HVAC CLIMATE CONTROLS
-Sensors
-Rack Temp.
-SA Temp.
-RA Temp.
-Humidity
-Air Flow
-Filtering
-Equipment
-CRAC unit
-In Row Cooling
POWER SYSTEMS MONITORING & EFFICIENCY
-Sensors
-CT's (current xfmr)
-Fault Indicators
-Self diagnostics
-Temp. of busbar
-door ajar
-density
-Equipment
-Filters
-VFD's and/or ECM's
-Capacitor banks (UPS)
http://www.eecnet.com/ElectronicEnvironmentsCorp/media/Images/pages/ups-maintenance
COMPONENTS INVOLVED
-User Interfaces
-Cell Phones
-Tablets
-Wall mounted Int.
-Computers (NOC's)
-Backbone
-Cat-6 & Fiber Medium
LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEMS
-Sensors
-Occupancy
-Vacancy
-dimmable
- time clock
-Lighting platforms
-Leviton
-Digital Lumens
-Redwood
-Johnson Controls
-Honeywell
http://www.redwoodsystems.com/sites/all/files/inline_images/Redwood-Data-Center-no-callouts-3-26-12lightbox
http://nsidc.org/about/green-data-center/images/cooling-system-diagram
-Sensors & Controllers
-Power, Lighting, HVAC, Security
NETWORK OPERATIONS CENTER
Definition- Network Operations Center (NOC), control center facility for infrastructure, equipment and people within a Data Center.
-Location
-Local
-Regional
-Monitors
-Building Automation
-Network Automation
Network Automation System
DATA CENTER REDUNDANCY
- Owners can require various levels of redundancy for the building systems in a data center. Each system (HVAC, electrical, communication, etc.) will get an individual tier classification.
This tier classification is standard that was put in place by the up-time institute.
TIER 1
TIER 2
TIER 4
TIER 3
-Allows for any planned site infrastructure activity without disrupting computer hardware operation.
-Spontaneous failure can still cause a data center disruption.
- 2N redundancy.
-Allows for any planned site infrastructure activity without disrupting computer hardware operation.
-Can sustain at least one worst case unplanned failure at any given time.
-2(N+1) redundancy
-All computer hardware must have dual power inputs.
- Susceptible to both planned and unplanned activity
- May or may not have raised floor, UPS, or generator
- Infrastructure should be completely shut down for preventative maintenance and repair on an annual basis
- Slightly less susceptible to disruptions than tier 1
- Has raised floor, UPS, and generators
- N+1 Redundancy
- Maintenance of critical power paths will require processing shutdown
DATA CENTER TIERS
Enterprise Corporations
99.995% Uptime
2.4 Minutes Downtime Per Year
2N+1 Fully Redundant
96 Hour Power Outage Protection

Large Businesses
99.982% Uptime
1.6 Hours Downtime Per Year
N+1 Fault Tolerant
72 Hour Power Outage Protection

Medium-size Businesses
99.749% Uptime
22 Hours Downtime Per Year
Partial Redundancy in Power and Cooling

Small Businesses
99.671% Uptime
28.8 Hours Downtime Per Year
No Redundancy
http://www.colocationamerica.com/data-center/tier-standards-overview.htm
REDUNDANCY IN SYSTEMS
- 2-post type, 4-post type, and cabinet type or server type (4-post with enclosure walls)
QUESTIONS?
Thanks for your time
(N)= the need of the space is met.
(N+1)= the need of the facility is met and one component of any system is backed up.
(2N)= standard system and one identical system with the same capacity is ready.
References
. N.p.. Web. 23 Oct2013. <http://storageservers.wordpress.com/2013/07/17/facts-and-stats-of-worlds-largest-data-centers/>.
. N.p.. Web. 23 Oct 2013. <https://www.google.com/search?q=DATA CENTER DEFINITION&rlz=1C1GGGE___US541US541&oq=DATA CENTER DEFINITION&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.3755j0j8&sourceid=chrome&espv=210&es_sm=93&ie=UTF-8>.
. N.p.. Web. 26 Oct 2013. <http://www.colocationamerica.com/data-center/tier-standards-overview.htm>.
up-time institute, . Tier Standard Topology. n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://uptimeinstitute.com/publications>.
BICSI, . Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual. 12th Edition n. page. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual, 12th Edition>.
Kieffer, S., Spencer, W., Schmidt, A., & Lyszyk, S. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nsai.net/White_Paper-Planning_A_Data_Center.pdf
Full transcript