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Copy of Copy of learning metaphor

learning metaphor
by

Fabio Ordoñez

on 12 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of learning metaphor

vocabulary grammar speaking listening reading writing IPA word stress meaning referent synonym example picture draw it take it from google images vocabulary
agenda consonant sounds vowel sounds diphthongs apostrophe critical thinking skills writing
process listening
routine conversation
analysis grammar box
analysis E N G L I S pronunciation h English sound
system Tip Boosting your IELTS and TOEFL score
through pronunciation Big and.... ... small too remember... No pain, no gain. p
r
o
n
u
n
c
i
a
t
i
o
n Looking forward to
reaching the summit? Pronunciation Pronunciation and IELTS Pronunciation and TOEFL Why Pronunciation matters The Role of Pronunciation in IELTS & TOEFL Pronunciation in IELTS and TOEFL Consider the importance of key pronunciation features Suggest a Pronunciation Routine Why? TOEFL IELTS A learner accomodates his speech to gain privileges. Unintelligible accents interfere with communication Motivation,
exposure & phonetic instruction guarantee intelligibility Speaking Criteria Delivery
of response Native Language Influence Speaking Criteria Pronunciation (Giles, 1973) (humanaccents.com) (Celce-Murcia, 1996) Some students'
job security and
academic advancement
is at stake because of mispronunciation (Reed, 2005) (Rogers, Thomson) (Speaking Rubrics
TOEFL, ETS) (humanaccents.com) (Cambridge University Press) (ielts.org) (KAPLAN IELTS) A systematic work on pronunciation complements core instruction. (Red-Michaud, 2005) PRONUNCIATION LISTENING SPEAKING SOUND CONCEPTS RHYTHM GRAMMAR SOUNDS ENGLISH SOUNDS (Reed & Michaud, 2005) I.P.A MANNER AND VOICE PLACE OF ARTICULATION, 12 vowel, 8 diphthong 24 consonant sounds WORD STRESS LONG, CLEAR & STRONG 8 RULES IN SHORT WORDS 4 RULES IN LONGER WORDS -ED /t/ /d/ /Id/ REGULAR VERBS AND PARTICIPIAL ADJECTIVES ENDINGS -S /s/ /z/ /Iz/ PLURALS, 3rd PERSON SINGULAR, CONTRACTIONS AND POSSESSIVES RHYTHM CONTENT, GRAMMATICAL AND FOCUS WORDS STANDARD & EMPHATIC SOUND CONCEPTS OVERALL FEATURES LINKED, DELETED, CONTRACTED, REDUCED ALTERED SOUNDS & PAUSING Thanks! "If you keep on doing what you have always done, you will keep on getting what you have always got"
W> L. Bateman DEMONSTRATE-INDICATE
STRESS 2 SYLLABLES BEFORE VERBS ENDING IN -ATE BIOGRAPHY - ECOLOGY
STRESS SYLLABLE BEFORE SUFFIXES
-GRAPHY & -LOGY LOCATION-PRACTICAL
STRESS SYLLABLE BEFORE SUFFIXES BEGINNING WITH LETTER “i” PRESENT
2ND SYLLABLE VERBS
1ST SYLLABLE NOUNS 2-SYLLABLE VERBS USED AS NOUNS THIRTEEN
-TEEN NUMBERS MYSELF
SELF-SELVES REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS DOWNTOWN
2ND SYLLABLE COMPOUND ADVERBS ENGINEER-TECHNIQUE
STRESS THESE SYLLABLES SUFFIXES –EE, -EER,
-ESE, -ETTE & -IQUE PRINT OUT
2ND WORD OR PARTICLE PHRASAL VERBS REQUIRE-CONVINCE
2ND SYLLABLE 2 SYLLABLE VERBS
PREFIXES RE- CON- AD- DEADLINE
1ST SYLLABLE COMPOUND NOUNS FIVE DAYS
BOTH SYLLABLES PHRASES ADD-COUNT-DECIDE
VERBS THAT END IN /t/ OR /d/ /Id/ ASK-WATCH-FINISH
VERBS ENDING IN VOICELESS SOUNDS /t/ CLOSE-SAVE-ASSUME-EXPLAIN
VERBS ENDING IN VOICED SOUNDS /d/ “It smells like SPINACH. I HATE spinach. OH…it´s BROCcoli. I LOVE broccoli” FOCUS NEW INFORMATION FOCUS WORDS I have some GOOD news and some BAD news FOCUS CONTRAST WORDS FOCUS WORDS I was so TIRED, that I slept LATE FOCUS THE LAST CONTENT WORD FOCUS WORDS JHON`s an OLD FRIEND GRAMMATICAL WORDS ARTICLES-CONJUNCTIONS-PREPOSITIONS-PRONOUNS-AUX. VERBS-VERB TO BE
REDUCE OR WEAKEN FUNCTION WORDS GRAMMATICAL WORDS be CAREful NOT to SIT on the WET PAINT CONTENT WORDS NOUNS-MAIN VERBS-ADJECTIVES-ADVERBS-NEG-WH-INTERJECTIONS
STRESS IMPORTANT CONTENT WORDS CONTENT WORDS ABRUPT-ANGRY-IMPATIENT
THIS MUST BE DONE BY NOON EQUAL STRESS

In English, some words and syllables are strong and others are weak
In Spanish every syllable has more or less equal emphasis /t/ : better-lettuce SOUNDS ARE ALTERED SOUND CONCEPTS /wana/ : want to /dya/ : do you SOUNDS ARE REDUCED SOUND CONCEPTS /th/ : them /h/ : he-his-her-him SOUNDS ARE DELETED SOUND CONCEPTS SOUND CONCEPTS /hi:z/ : he is /wIr/ : we are SOUNDS ARE CONTRACTED SOUND CONCEPTS DEBTS-WORKS-MARK´S
WHEN THE WORD ENDS IN A VOICELESS SOUND /s/ BROTHERS-PAYS-ANN´S
WHEN THE WORD ENDS IN A VOICED SOUND /z/ OFFICES-JUDGES-GEORGE`S
WHEN THE WORD ENDS IN A SIBILANT OR BUZZING SOUND /Iz/ Use of Language
Development of Topic Delivery of Response Fluency
Intelligibility
Pronuciation
Stress
Intonation
Pausing Unintelligible accents interfere with communication Lexical Resource
Grammatical Range
Fluency & Coherence Pronunciation Intelligibility
Use of key features:
Intonation
stress
Connected speech Use of a wide range of pronunciation features ina a natural way is essential Variety Position 1 Position 2 Step 1: The Tongue Step 2: The Mandible Step 3: The Lips Step 4: The Vocal Folds Step 5: The Veloparyngeal Port Position 1 Position 2 Step 1: The Tongue Step 2: The Mandible Step 3: The Lips Step 4: The Vocal Folds Step 5: The Veloparyngeal Port
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