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Gun Control TOK Presentation
Transcript of Gun Control TOK Presentation
WHAT IS THE
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed"
To what extent is
gun ownership ethical?
The gun control debate is the discussion over the strictness of regulations that control gun use, ownership and sales.
Newtown, Connecticut December 14th 2012
Utilitarian vs. self-interest
Alisha, saige, cliona
SELF-INTEREST: Ethics based on personal happiness and fulfillment (Eudaimonia – contentment and flowering, based on a virtuous life); not selfishness, since self-interest contributes to the interests of society.
Self-love leads to love of others. Eg. Capitalism – private capital & business generates employment and wealth for society.
UTILITARIAN: Shifts the focus from the individual to society, summed up in the phrase, “the greatest happiness of the greatest number” .
Utilitarian – “useful”: actions are right if they are useful, or benefit, the majority.
Individual self defense is the best policy
An individual responsibility to better society
Assumption that guns are used for protection and not for destruction
Protecting the fundamental right to own a firearm
Prioritizing individual concern/values over general trends in society
Removing danger through equality (no guns)
Society must collectively work to improve
Guns can be dangerous and potential risk is too high
Overriding concern of danger in society
Prioritizing general trends in society over individual concern/values
- Adam Lanza, 20, shot and killed his mother, seized 1 assault rifle and 2 pistols (that had belonged to his mother)
- Proceeded to Sandy Hook Elementary where he fatally shot 20 children and 6 adults
- This incident attracted both the local and international communities
- Renewed debate on gun control
Most countries that have banned guns have seen an increase in homicides, showing that even without guns crime rates have increased just like the USA.
Through the ethical framework of self interest.
Homicide rate in England and Wales increased 52% since the change in the 1986 gun laws.
This only began to decrease in 2003 when large amounts of police were employed.
USA does not have the worst firearm murder rate, Honduras, El Salvador and Jamaica. The US is number 28, with a rate of 2.97 per 100,000 people even though it has the highest percentage of guns
Michael McLendon and Tim Kretschmer
- Killed his mother and set fire to the house then went to a relatives house and killed the family members inside, killed a pedestrian, killed a man in a petrol station, killed a man who was trying to calm him down, shot at several cars while driving. Eventually died in police shootout but killed 10 people in total.
- 15 killed in school massacre in Germany.
9 students, 6 adults killed
The US has the highest gun ownership rate in the world (an average of 88 per 100 people) puts it first in the world for gun ownership
and has a gun related death rate 19.5 times higher than in any other developed country
10,886 or 67% of all murders in the USA were committed using a firearm (2008)
At the 2013 homicide rate, roughly one in every 285 Americans will be murdered in their lifetime
though the correlation between ownership of guns and number of deaths caused by guns cannot be definitely stated...
The evidence points towards the conclusion that gun ownership and accessibility of guns severely impacts the (gun related) homicide rate
To what extent is the control of gun ownership and use ethical in the structure of utilitarian ethical framework?
therefore, when using a utilitarian framework
legal gun ownership is
because it places members of our society in potentially dangerous and life threatening situations
Utilitarian framework states that focus is not on the individual but on SOCIETY
Gun ownership is unethical according to this framework because if every individual is equipped with a potential weapon, there is no balance and overall safety in society. Too many incidents occur when guns are available to all individuals.
It is unethical to kill and murder humans and because guns provide this ability to individuals, society is in danger.
Ideologies - conflicting mental maps