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The Giver Presentation

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Kathryn Parisot

on 17 May 2011

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Transcript of The Giver Presentation

The Giver Author: Lois Lowry Plot The book is told from a third-person limited point of view, from Jonas's prospective.
Takes place in a society in the future.
The commuminty seems like a perfect utopian society, but as the story progresses, you discover flaws, and the society seems more and more distopian. The cerimony of the twelves-
Every year the twelve year olds are assigned the best place for them to work, baced on individual interests and aptitudes.
This is where Jonas is selected the new Receiver of Memory. Symbolism Gabriel-
innocence, purity, hope for a brighter future.
Jonas's reason to break ties with the community.
Love Utopian Society
No pain, violence, pain, suffering, etc...
No idea of deep, true feelings and personal emotions Light Colored Eyes- Symbolizes importance and the ability to see beyond (those capable of receiving memories), separation from the community, and insightful characteristics.
Explained in the novel; gives one the apperence of "Depth".
light colored eyes- Jonas, The Giver, Gabriel, and a six-year-old girl In the Society- No Families-
Everyone is paired up with a spouse, and they are assigned where to live.
Only two children are allowed to be assigned to a 'family unit', One boy and one girl.
No one is allowed to have their own children except those assigned to be birthmothers, but even then, the birthmothers do not keep the children for their own.
No one stays in contact with their biological mother, or father. No color-
The people in the society are unable to see color
There is genetic engineering involved. Lois lowry was born 1937 in Hawaii.
Her father was in the army- moved around a lot as a child.
She lived in several different countries, including Japan.
Attended Brown University- as a writing major
Left college before graduation to get married.
Marriage did not last, but she had four children who became a major inspiration for her work.
Finished college degree at the University of Maine and worked as a housekeeper to earn a living.
Continued to write- her children inspiring many ideas.
Also wrote textbooks and worked as a photographer specializing in children’s portraits. The Author Historical and political context The Giver is a dystopian novel that imagines a future community whose citizens have sacrificed free choice, individuality, and true emotion for stability. The first memory that Jonas receives from the Giver is about a sled, going downhill in the snow. The sled is also used at the very end of the novel, when Jonas is escaping from the community, with Gabriel.

The Sled can symbolize several different things.
The means to escape.
Riding downhill = receiving memories. The River- symbolizes
Death (Caleb, and jonas's planned "fake death") Characters Jonas
12 years old
Has light colored eyes
Has the ability to see beyond (can see color, and receive memories)
intelligent and courageous
Selected as the new receiver of memory The Giver
The old Receiver of Memory, now the Giver, transfering memories to Jonas in a somewhat magical way.
Jonas's mentor, helping him be the new Receiver of Memory.
Comes up with the plan to change the community, forcing them to deal with all of the painful and difficult memories themselves. Lily
Jonas's little sister Mother and Father
Jonas's "family unit" parents (not biological)
Mother- A worker at the Department of Justice
Practical and serious
Father- a Nurturer (works with infants)
Sensitive, tenderhearted Gabriel
Jonas's father brings this newchild home temporarily in order to give him more care so that he will not be released.
Has light colored eyes like Jonas.
Is able to receive memories from Jonas. To be released
Thought as to be sent "Elsewhere".
But in reality, if you are to be released, you are to be put to death.
Those who are released are:
Anyone who repeatily breaks the rules.
New-children who do not develope at a normal rate.
The smaller of any identical twins born.
Anyone who requests to be released. "For a contributing citizen to be released from the community was a final decision, a terrible punishment, an overwhelming statement of failure." Sameness-
In the society, everything is the same. "Simply stated, although it's not really simple at all, my job is to transmit to you all the memories I have within me. Memories of the past." •"Our people made that choice, the choice to go to Sameness. Before my time, before the previous time, back and back and back. We relinquished color when we relinquished sunshine and did away with difference. We gained control of many things. But we had to let go of others." They need a Receiver of Memories-
"They need a Receiver to contain all that pain. And knowledge."
The Receiver takes the burden of knowing and feeling the pain and emotions of the past.
Without the Receiver, the people would have to deal with these Memories themselves.
The Giver is the old Receiver of Memories, who transfers/gives these memories to the new selected Receiver. The color RED-
Passion, love, difference, beauty.
Jonas cannot see it in the beginning but as he learns of love and passion he begins to see the color, symbolizing another one of the ways Jonas is different than everyone in the community.
Jonas first sees the color, when throwing an apple to his friend Asher. No love Jonas begins his training to be the new Receiver.
As he receives memoried from the giver, he learns about...
Once he learns about happiness, pain, color, war, anger, love, and many other true feelings through the memories, he realizes that his society is emotionally dead.
Jonas feels sad and lonely, because his life in the community (he now knows) is not perfect, and doesnt consist of all the wonderful things from the memories.
He feels angry with the people in his community because they are superficial in their emotions and desires. No Music Gabriel is a newchild who is staying with Jonas, and his family unit at night, because he doesnt sleep well, and is not developing as fast as the other newchildren. The Council is not sure if they should release him.
Jonas loves and cares deeply for Gabriel. Jonas and the Giver comes up with a plan to force the community into taking the memories.
If Jonas was to be lost, the memories that he received would not be lost with him, but they would be sent back to the community and all of the citizens. Before Jonas and the Giver are able to carry out their plan, Jonas's father gives the news that Gabriel is scheduled to be Released.
Jonas is then forced to escape from the community earlier than planned, with Gabe, in order to save his life. No rain, snow, wind, or sunshine- Just sameness Lois was inspired to write The Giver after visiting her elderly father in a nursing home.
He had lost most of his long-term memory, and it occurred to Lowry that without memory there is no longer any pain. She imagined a society where the past was deliberately forgotten, which would allow the inhabitants to live in a kind of peaceful ignorance.
She realized that the inevitable flaws in such a society show the value of individual and community memory: although a loss of memory might mean a loss of pain, it also means a loss of lasting human relationships and connections with the past. The two travel far from the community, and almost freeze and starve to dealth.
But finally, Jonas finds a sled at the top of a hill, and he uses it to sled down the hill toward a new community/town.
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