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The Secrets of Writing: Ghost Stories

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by

Lily Papadimitriou

on 8 September 2017

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Transcript of The Secrets of Writing: Ghost Stories

Explain these terms clearly to me. If you don't know, please listen to others and write it down a definition in your book so that you can remember next time.
1. Verbs
2. Nouns
3. Adjectives
4. Tenses - present and past
5. Pronoun
6. Adverbs
7. Prepositions
8. Conjunctions
*Special extra technique: Similes/Metaphors*
Remembering our Grammar
Why do we have to learn all this grammar?
I won't use it in the real world!


Whenever you write in your life, you
must
be grammatically correct, or else what you are writing won't make any sense!
Grammar is
extremely
important for all communication.

Being able to pick-out grammar within texts is
not only important for SATs, but also in everyday life! And once you have the hang of it, it's easy - like riding a bike.

Ready? Let's have a go...



Can you write horror?
Setting the scene...
To help with writing a story, authors should
always consider the five senses
. In this way authors 'show' feelings rather than 'telling' the reader!

What can my narrator/character...
- See
- Smell
- Hear
- Taste
- Feel

THE GOLDEN RULE
GRAMMAR TECHNIQUES + THE FIVE SENSES =




It is a dark and gloomy day, and you are the only person home. After a few hours completely alone, you have become bored and are looking for things to do. You decide that you would like to go for a quick walk in the fresh air. You put on your coat, grab whatever you need, and head out the front door, locking it behind you. For some reason, as you begin to walk, you feel a chill run down your spine, and you suddenly feel afraid.

Start writing from the point where you arrive at your destination. Remember, this is a SCARY story.

REMEMBER:
GRAMMAR TECHNIQUES +
THE FIVE SENSES
The Secrets of Writing: Ghost Stories
Can I successfully find and use grammar techniques to create scary stories?
Hands up please!

"Cautiously I opened the rusty gate, trying not to make a sound as it creaked like a ghostly barrier. Crows screeched in my ear as a moss covered twig snapped. I looked around every grave; each strangely different in many ways (some were old and were crumbling into the ground; many were newly placed but had already been covered in dried up mud.) Steadily, I turned around - dodging all of the graves that surrounded me. Crows had stopped screeching. Silence descended. Had something happened?
On the lawn of the graveyard, sitting silently in its bed of feathers, I saw a pigeon. It probably died of old age, I thought as I stood up. Suddenly, the rusty gate banged against the wall with all its power. I froze with fear... I could hear footsteps, coming towards me; they were getting louder and louder, but I could see nothing..."
The Graveyard
CAN YOU FIND THESE GRAMMAR TECHNIQUES?

- VERBS
- NOUNS
- ADJECTIVES
- ADVERBS
- PRONOUNS
"
Cautiously
I
opened
the
rusty

gate
,
trying
not to
make
a sound as it
creaked
like a
ghostly

barrier
.
Crows

screeched
in my
ear
as a
moss-covered

twig

snapped
. I
looked

around
every
grave
; each
strangely different
in many ways (
some
were
old
and were
crumbling

into
the ground;
many
were
newly

placed
but had already been
covered
in
dried up

mud
.)
Steadily
, I
turned

around
-
dodging

all
of the
graves
that
surrounded
me.
Crows
had
stopped

screeching
. Silence
descended
. Had
something

happened
?
On
the
lawn
of the
graveyard
,
sitting

silently
in its bed of
feathers
, I
saw
a
pigeon
. It probably
died
of old age, I
thought
as I
stood
up.
Suddenly
, the
rusty

gate

banged

against
the
wall
with all its power. I
froze

with fear
... I
could

hear
footsteps,
coming

towards
me; they were getting louder and louder, but I
could
see
nothing
..."
When you get a text, be a detective! How many did you find/I miss?
VERBS
NOUNS
ADVERBS
PRONOUNS
ADJECTIVES
Top tip: There's probably more than you think!
Story 1
: "It was an old house which stood on the corner of the street. The corridors were very long and not well lit. The sun didn't shine in the windows, and so the house didn't have a good view. The house was always very cold, and smelt musky. It was abandoned."

Story 2
: "Anna shivered at the corner of the street. The house's giant shadow seemed to trap her in darkness. She knew she was outside only because she could hear the deep barks of a dog in a nearby garden. Nervously, she counted under her breath.
One bark, two, and then none
, like the chiming of grandfather clock. She swallowed hard - her mouth tasted of metal and the air smelt sour. She stepped towards the heavy wooden front door, her heart drumming against her ribs."

Which mini-story is better, and why?
What makes a story boring/interesting?
Please put the title '
Ghost Story
'
at the top of your page, and underline it.
Now that you are experts at
finding
grammar in text, we might now consider how grammar is more than just a label.

You may have noticed how different grammar can be used together, and can be chosen by authors to make you
feel
a certain way.

So, grammar can make or break a story - used wrongly, it can makeyour writing very dull.
Used correctly, you can find yourself suddenly in control of another person's emotions!


We are now ready to go deeper under the surface...
To show you, let's take a look at two very different ghost stories.
Inspiration
Full transcript