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KEQ1: Who was to blame for the Cold War?

GCSE Y10 - The Cold War
by

David Rawlings

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of KEQ1: Who was to blame for the Cold War?

M
essage
O
wn Knowledge
D
etail from cartoon

KEQ4: Who was to blame for the Cold War?
You've been given a Cold War country.
Stick your nation to your book.
You are that nation for the duration of this topic.

Gwaith Cartreff
Find out and add to your sticker:
Your country's name in its own language and script.
How to say "Yes sir" in your country's language.

Learning Objectives:

K: The shape of the world in 1945
U: The causes of the Cold War
S: Consequences; AO3 Understanding, Analysis and Evaluation
Starter:
Complete the match up exercise on p.4 of workbooks.
In May 1945 American and Soviet troops celebrated victory over Nazi Germany together in Berlin.
Three years later these former allies began the era of espionage, rivalry and conflict that became known as the 'Cold War' and would define a generation.
You must come up with a definition of your nation's political ideology.

Either:
Communist
or
Capitalist
Task A
Gwaith Dosbarth
Date
Debate
Which is better Communist or Capitalist?
12 mins
Task B
Find a person with an opposing ideology and swap definitions.
8 mins
How different are your definitions?
Make a judgement.
In pairs come up with some ideas to support your judgement.
How perfect is our society?
How could we make it better?
What makes a perfect society?
Thinking Point

Answer the questions on the Yalta conference, p.6&7 of workbooks.
Task 1.
Task 2.
Answer the questions on the Potsdam conference, p.8 or workbooks.
Task
Complete worksheet 4.2, workbook p.9.
Add Personalities, Actions by the USA or USSR and Misunderstandings using p.75.
In 1945 relations between the USA and USSR began to break down.
Yalta Conference - February 1945
Potsdam Conference - July 1945
VS
Task
In pairs, write a screen-play of events at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences, 1945.
Paranoid
Communist
Ruthless
Ambitious
Ambitious
Ruthless
Paranoid
Communist
Conservative
Capitalist
War-time hero
Stubborn
Capitalist
Socialist
Respected leader
Clement Atlee
Socialist
Man of the people
Liberal
Popular
Conservative
Anti-communist
Pro-West
Harry S. Truman
Success Criteria:
It should be a conversation between each leader and about a page long.
Include the aims of each leader and the outcomes of the conference.
The Cold War Kids - Cold War Quiz
1. Name the big three at Yalta.
2. Name the big three at Potsdam.
3. Why did the leaders change?
4. When was the Yalta conference?
5. When was the Potsdam conference?
How did the USSR gain control of Eastern Europe?
Starting Thought:
How much did Communism appeal to the broken countries of Europe in 1945?
Starter
List all the countries that had become communist by 1948, textbooks p.76.
[7 marks]
10 minutes
In 1946 Communists became the largest single party, but ruled as part of a coalition. In 1948 when their position was threatened, they banned other parties and made Czechoslovakia a Communist, one-party state.
Eastern Germany was effectively run by the Red Army. The communist German Democratic Republic was created in 1949.
Marshall Tito had led war-time resistance against the Nazis. He was elected President in 1945. However, he implemented his own form of communism and was expelled from Comiform in 1948.
Greece
Britain and America supported the royalist troops and defeated the communist rebels.
A left-wing coalition won elections in 1945. The communist members of the coalition then executed the leaders of the other parties.
In 1945 a communist was elected Prime Minister. In 1947 the communists abolished the monarchy.
Communists became the largest party in the 1947 elections. They imprisoned opposition politicians, and attacked Church leaders.
Cominform
1947 - Communist Information Bureau.
Set-up to coordinate the work of Communist Parties in Europe.
It helped Stalin keep a close eye on new communist leaders.
Yugoslav leader Tito was expelled from Comiform in 1948 for hostility towards Stalin and accepting Marshall aid.
Task
Complete the questions on pp.11-12 of workbook.

10 minutes
Swap your answers with your partner.
1. Highlight the
Message
/
Own Knowledge
/
Detail
from the source.
2. Give your partner WWW and EBI feedback.
Tito
20 Questions
Cominform
COLD WAR BOARD
Tito
Harry S. Truman
Clement Atlee
Joseph Stalin
Winston Churchill
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Yugoslavia
Eastern Bloc
Cominform
Iron Curtain
Yalta
Potsdam
1945
Communism
Capitalism
East Germany
Four Zones
Domino Theory
Source skills focus!
Success criteria:

M
Identify the MESSAGE of the cartoon
Level Two - this will get you up to 3 marks
O
Use OWN KNOWLEDGE to agree/disagree with the message
D
Identify DETAIL in the source that supports the message

If you do either of these you will move to Level Three - up to 5 marks
If you do both you will move to Level Four - up to 7 marks
Learning Objectives:

K: To consolidate knowledge of the origins of the Cold War
U: To understand how to answer a 7 mark source based question - MOD and an 8 mark EXPLAIN question
S: Observation, inference, communication
Why did Truman introduc the Marshall plan?
What is the message of this cartoon? [7 marks]
Explain why the USA introduced the Marshall Plan. [8 marks]
Recap!
Back of books.
Which of these became Communist in the 1940s?
How has
Marshall Aid
directly affected your life?
Albania
West Germany
Bulgaria
Australia
Czechoslovakia
What was the theory, by which all countries would become communist?
Thought:
Poland
Russia
China
Vietnam
How has Marshall Aid directly affected your life?
Marshall Aid

America gave $17billion aid to Western Europe to help them recover from WWII and prevent them falling to communism.
Task:
In pairs write an answer to this question using your MOD notes.
What is the message of this cartoon?
Task:
1. Swap your answers with the pair next to you.
2. Highlight MOD on their answer.
3. Add WWW and EBI to their answer.
What is the message of this cartoon?
Be thorough in your feedback!
Mr Rawlings' Thought for the Day:

The 'Truman Doctrine' has almost dictated USA foreign policy over the last 70 years.

Should one country be able to define the politics of the rest of the world?
[7 mark] MOD
[8 mark] EXPLAIN
Task:
In pairs write an answer to this question.
Explain why the USA introduced the Marshall Plan.
4 explained points!
Task:
1. Swap your answers with the pair next to you.
2. Highlight the 4 explained points.
3. Add WWW and EBI to their answer.
Be thorough in your feedback!
Explain why the USA introduced the Marshall Plan.
Review
Dingbats
IN
T
Write up the two questions in neat (in your book).

Review the lesson using the History Blog.
Gwaith Dosbarth
The Yalta & Potsdam Conferences
While you watch the video find answers to these questions:
When was the Yalta conference?
What did Stalin / Churchill / FDR want?
What was decided?

When was the Potsdam conference?
What did Stalin / Atlee / Truman want?
What was decided?
Learning Objectives:
Learning Outcomes:
Bronze: Can describe Yalta & Potsdam;
Silver: Can explain the outcomes of both conferences;
Gold: Can evaluate the significance of these outcomes.
K: Outcomes of Yalta & Potsdam
U: Importance of the conferences
S: Significance; 'How useful?'
Why were Yalta and Potsdam important?
Learning Objectives:
Learning Outcomes:
Bronze: Can describe countries that became communist;
Silver: Can explain the reasons for becoming communist;
Gold: Can evaluate key reason for the communist takeover.
K: Which nations became communist after WW2
U: Why countries became communist
S: Source skills - MOD
Which of these were communist by 1948?
Yugoslavia
Bulgaria
Romania
Hungary
France
UK
Spain
Greece
Why did Stalin blockade Berlin?
Learning Objectives:
Learning Outcomes:
Bronze: Can describe reasons for the Berlin Blockade;
Silver: Can explain the reasons;
Gold: Can evaluate the significance of each reason.
K: How & why Germany was divided
U: Reasons for the Berlin Blockade
S: Significance
Task: take notes as you watch this clip.
Task: Reasons for the Berlin Blockade
Come up with 3 reasons for the Berlin Blockade.

Success criteria:
List reasons in order of significance;
Explain each reason and its importance in detail .
10 mark check

Could you answer this questiom:
'Bizonia was the key cause of the Berlin Blockade'.
Do you agree?
Check your 'Success Criteria'!
Use Doceri to complete video presentations:
Peer-Assessment!
Upload video to 'Student Common' and Edmodo!
Discuss in pairs:
What level are you? (
gold
/
silver
/
bronze
)
What are you pleased about so far? (WWW)
What do you need to improve this lesson? (EBI)
Join up with another pair;
Watch and assess each others' videos.
What have they done well?
What do they need to improve?
Are they
bronze
/
silver
/
gold
?
In Doceri export video to camera roll;
Open 'file explorer' app;
Select 'student common', then 'History', then 'Y10 Cold War Films';
Select 'edit', then 'upload', then 'photo library' - 'camera roll' and select your video;
Wait for it to successfully upload!
Instructions:
Gwaith Cartref:
Watch and make notes on:
'Why did the USA want containment?' video

Details on Edmodo.
When complete please click 'turn in' button and give feedback.
Due: Thursday 14th March
5 Questions on Communism vs. Capitalism?
1. Who was President of America after FDR in 1945?
2. What is capitalism?
3. What is communism?
4. What did America want for Germany after World War 2?
5. What did the collapse in the wartime alliance between the USA and USSR lead to?
Full transcript