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Transcript of Elsa
As Elsa goes through Erikson’s 1st stage, known as the infancy stage, she mainly developed
from her parents, as well as her primary caregivers. As the king and queen, her parents nurture her with the abundant
attention, love and support
, which is very essential in this stage to be able to develop trust.
As Elsa goes through her infancy stage, she takes in
due to her surroundings. She easily learns to trust and have hope from the outside world. As any regular infant, Elsa also experience hunger, discomfort and pain, but importantly, received alleviation from these unpleasant conditions from her parents, which balanced out trust and mistrust. Therefore, Elsa achieved hope without any trouble.
Since her powers nearly caused the death of her sister, Elsa developed
shame and doubt
, as children learn that many of their attempts at autonomy are unsuccessful. Apart from learning how to walk, talk and run, Elsa had to experience shame and doubt. Elsa’s tragic event caused her to isolate herself and experience this shame and doubt.
Rather than developing will, Elsa was easily prone to
, due to not being able to interact with others and accepting her powers.
During early childhood, Elsa discovered she was born with the power to create ice and snow.
It is a beautiful ability, but also extremely dangerous. Elsa developed a sense of control over her interpersonal environment, as well as a measure of self-control.
Apart from Elsa’s tragic event during her early childhood stage, she developed a vast amount of
during the play age stage. Unlike normal kids, Elsa isolated herself from the world, at the request of her parents. Eventually, she grew into this lonesome lifestyle.
Elsa was quite complex; in truth, Elsa was troubled with her abilities, a trait that stems from the incident as a child. She lived in fear for a great part of her life, too nervous to let her powers overdevelop. Not much purpose was developed; rather, she developed
Along with the guilt, Elsa learned that her powers are wrong and will only cause harm until she can learn to control them.She developed a sense of
, trying to protect her sister, and her loved ones by isolating herself from living a normal childhood.
Elsa is not able to achieve intimacy as long as no one can know her true identity and she refuses to form any type of relationship. Instead she completely
herself in order to prevent anyone from discovering she has powers and because she thinks her powers make her too dangerous to be around.
Since she is unable to achieve intimacy, instead of acquiring love she acquires
. She thinks she is better off alone so she excludes everyone and everything. Therefore she has no friends, she doesn’t pursue love and she avoids people. Except for what is necessary to run the castle, people from Arendelle are not allowed within the gates. Elsa isolates herself in her room and she constantly refuses her sister's attempts to re-form their close relationship. Even when her sister tries to communicate through her bedroom door, Elsa ignores her.
During young adulthood, Elsa is never in an intimate relationship. Therefore she is not able to fuse her identity with someone else and she does not experience geniality.
Normally this stage wouldn’t be until later on in life, but Elsa is forced into adulthood at 21. After her parents die, it is her duty to become Queen and to take her place in society.
At first, Elsa experiences
and self-absorption after becoming queen. After her powers are accidentally revealed to everyone during a ball, Elsa runs away, builds her own ice castle where she decides that she is not going back and throws away her crown. Now she is free to enjoy using her powers and be alone.
But she is able to experience
after she realizes that she can control her powers. She takes her place as queen and the kingdom accepts her back knowing about her powers. Now that she is not hiding her powers, the castle stays open to the kingdom and she doesn’t have to isolate herself any longer. She is ready to guide the next generation and contribute to building a better kingdom.
She is able to acquire
from her conflict between generativity and stagnation. At the end of the movie, Elsa genially wants to be queen, to take care of her sister and her kingdom, and to accept responsibility the right way.
Learning and social interaction is very important to development and Elsa’s social life has been completely cut off beside her parents due to her powers. To build self esteem she needs to succeed. However due to her powers getting stronger this creates a sense of
when she fails repeatedly. On top of that her parents are teaching and encouraging her to not express any of her feelings which is going against what children should be doing at this age. Children are supposed to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments at this age.
The Neurotic Trend
Elsa enjoys her privacy, independence, self sufficiency. She builds a world of her own and refuses to let anyone in it. Elsa also shuns social commitments, has feelings of isolation, and strives for perfection and prestige.
Elsa keeps her distance from Anna at all costs. She locks herself in her room and refuses to see the outside world. She believes that she is independent and does not need anyone's help. Elsa sees herself as a threat if near Anna (because if she is, she could freeze her); this indicates her irrational fear of relationships.
The neurotic trend Elsa displays is
moving away from people.
Elsa becomes concerned
, the act of staying still and not being productive. Elsa, try as she might, cannot hide her feelings or control her powers. This starves her of social interaction, and she strains herself toward the success of controlling her powers, depriving her of possible competence in herself and her powers.
with how she can do things
to the best of her ability.
This is the age where she is supposed to be discovering who she is and start to become independent. The problem with this is that Elsa is entirely dependent on not only her parents is also dependent on the safety of the castle and it’s closed gates. This leads to her feeling even more insecure about herself and her future. This prevents her from establishing her own identity and exemplifies her
Because Elsa never had an identity created for herself, she had nothing to be true to; instead of fidelity to herself, she had
. This leads to her feeling even more insecure about herself and her future. Toward the end of this stage is when her parents die and she realizes that she now will have to take the throne in a few years. This throws Elsa into turmoil because she has not learned how to face problems on her own and now has absolutely no one, not even herself, to go to. This completely isolates Elsa from the rest of the world leaving her unsuccessful in trying to control her powers and emotions.
Social and cultural conditions (especially childhood experiences) are largely responsible for shaping personality.
When needs are not met in childhood, basic hostility and anxiety arise.
Psychoanalytic Social Theory
This event was traumatic as it almost caused the death of Anna. It also marks the beginning of a social change for Elsa. For her own safety, Elsa’s parents wanted her to be ostracized from society, including from her sister. Forced to hide her powers, this leaves Elsa living in fear and remaining haunted by harming her sister and others.Ten years after the incident, Elsa also had to endure the unexpected death of her parents (the King and Queen of Arendelle).
Elsa, like everyone else, has
Repressed hostility leads to feelings of insecurity and apprehension. In order to reduce basic anxiety, Elsa has neurotic needs.
Elsa is a member of the royal family of Arendelle, the eldest child of the King and Queen of Arendelle. Elsa as a child (then Princess of Arendelle) freely enjoyed life with her ability to create ice and snow. However, life changed for Elsa when she struck her younger sister Anna with her powers in an attempt to save Anna from falling.
Pampering vs. Neglect
The mother’s job is to develop a bond that encourages the child’s mature social interest and fosters a sense of cooperation. Ideally, she should have a genuine and
deep-rooted love for her child—a love that is centered on the child’s well-being, not on her own needs or wants.
She needs Elsa to be accepted and fears her
Conversely, if she favors her husband or society, the child will feel neglected and unloved.
The Queen favors society and its standards more than her daughter
Adler (1956) believed that the effects of the early social environment are extremely important, such as Elsa's early childhood, being raised as a princess and accidentally hurting her sister.
Elsa is the
child with one younger sister three years her junior. As the eldest child, she spends time alone with adults (particularly her parents), tends to be achievement-oriented, conscientious, but not particularly revolutionary. Elsa tries to satisfy the standards of the adults in her life by shutting everyone out and attempting to keep her powers (and ultimately, her emotions) in check.
anxious, overprotective, responsible, and has a need for power and control
. Aside from the need to keep her powers in check pressed upon her by the superior figures in her life, she holds herself to an unrealistic standard in order to be responsible and fulfill her role as a princess and future queen of Arendelle.
People stand still in order to avoid all responsibility by ensuring themselves against any threat of failure. They simply do not move in any direction. Elsa displays
by locking herself in her room, refusing to interact with others, and by running away when given the chance to confront her issue (her powers being revealed to the public).
Elsa’s final goal is
. She strives for the success of humanity in general, sacrificing herself from a normal lifestyle in order to keep her people and loved ones safe.
Elsa chooses to believe that keeping her away from society and isolating herself from human intimacy and emotions are the overall best options for humanity to be safe from her. These choices are
her reality, her subjective perception
; everyone’s realities are a bit different, and our visions of the future are also different. Elsa's vision is her harming everyone if she comes in contact with them. Despite that not being true, that is her reality.
This unified personality all serves her final goal of success (although it may not look like it); in order to keep everyone safe from her, she is detached and does not form meaningful emotional bonds with others.
Elsa is viewing herself and her actions in the viewpoint of social interest of the community. However, because Elsa is not psychologically healthy, she does not include herself; she strives for perfection, happiness and safety for all in the community, but excludes herself.
: to keep everyone safe
: that she is a monster and can’t attach to people because she is a danger
: She does not have much
Attitude towards the world
: The world is a good place, she isn’t a good person
Our creative power is what we need to use in order to solve our problems and conquer our obstacles.
We have the power to choose
a lot of things, such as what problems we face and the way we go about facing them. Elsa doesn’t understand the power of choice and her creative power until near the end of the movie. She learns this by realizing that the love for her people, her sister and most importantly, herself, is the key to controlling her powers.
Elsa utilizes several
, which are protective devices used by individuals to protect them from anxiety.
Personality development can be halted when people run away from difficulties. Elsa runs away from her difficulties by shutting everyone out and trying to suppress her emotions ("conceal, don't feel..."). Adler referred to this tendency as
, or safeguarding through distance.
“The one dynamic force behind people’s behavior is the striving for
shape their behavior and personality.”
We act in order to bring about expectations of a future reality, more than to respond to past experiences; her future reality is her being away from people and everyone being safe; the only aspect in which she thinks the past is worth learning from is the fact that she has hurt people. She doesn’t actively try and find a way to control herself, but relies on the matra "don't feel." to deal with it.
is unified and self-consistent.”
Elsa’s personality is cold, detached, and reserved.
“The value of all human activity must be seen from the viewpoint of
“The self-consistent personality structure developed into that person’s
style of life
style of life
includes the following:
Healthy individuals express their style of life through action and solving problems. Seeing as Elsa is not a healthy individual, she expresses it, but she does not exert action and does not attempt to solve her problem. She combats the issue by running away and trying to suppress it.
“Style of life is molded by people’s
Although Adler did not really like the concept of types, style of life expressions are provided as personality types. Elsa is an
: she avoids everything around her, does not take risks, and avoids intimate social contact.
Elsa is not spoiled; as a princess, and as the heir apparent to the Kingdom of Arendelle, Elsa has had a lot of responsibility thrust upon her, while keeping herself and her powers in check.
Adler's 6 Tenents
As a princess and heir apparent, she has been trained well and raised properly. However, as a person, Elsa has been
; she lacks confidence, she is distrustful, and she has difficulty cooperating with others as a result of those around her not acknowledging who she is.
of Arendelle is the deuteragonist in Disney's 2013 film
. As the oldest child in the royal Arendelle family, she is the next in line after the tragic death of her parents at sea. Aside from that responsibility, she also has a secret: she wields the power to create ice and snow, which is beautiful, powerful, and dangerous.
According to Erikson...
According to Horney...
According to Adler...
Elsa is a generally misunderstood character; due to her royal and tough upbringing, as well as suppressing her true nature (a powerful sorceress with the abilities to manipulate ice and snow), she had been subjected to become neurotic and a psychologically-unhealthy individual.
"Only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart."
"You can't marry a man you just met."
"I'm scared, it's getting stronger!"
"Do you have to go?"
"We only have each other, it's just you and me...what're we gonna do?
"I'm sorry, Anna."
"What did I ever do to you?!"
"No, why do you shut me out? Why do you shut the world out? What are you so afraid of?"
"Don't feel, don't feel..."
"How? What power do you have to stop this winter? To stop me?"
"No, please, just stay away!"
"I wish it could be like this all the time,"
"Me too...but it can't."
"Well, why not?"
"Yes, I'm alone, but I'm alone and free.So stay away, and you'll be safe from me."