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James Joyce's "Araby"
Transcript of James Joyce's "Araby"
Born in a middle-class family in Dublin, Ireland
Left Ireland and lived in other European cities, but the settings of his literature is always Dublin, Ireland
“For myself, I always write about Dublin, because if I can get to the heart of Dublin I can get to the heart of all the cities of the world. In the particular is contained the universal.”
James Joyce-Influential Writer
Modernist writer: modernism is all about showing fragmentary nature of humanity, the world, ideas, etc.
His best known contribution to modern literature is the stream of consciousness technique that attempts to reproduce the natural flow of thoughts and emotions.
Dubliners-A Collection of Short Stories
Dubliners is a book about human fate as well as Dublin the city itself
Banned like all of his other books when they were first published
The title holds the key to the meaning of Joyce's story. Araby is a romantic term for the
Middle East, but there is no such country. The word was popular throughout the
nineteenth century -- used to express the romantic view of the east that had been popular
since Napoleon's triumph over Egypt. And, of course, the story is about Romantic Irony,
for the unnamed boy has a romantic view of the world.
Discuss how the title relates to the story in your table groups.
Discuss innocence and maturity in the story.
Literary Terms Glossary
Diction: Word choice
Tone: Author's attitude toward the subject, self, audience. Author's voice. NOT the narrator
Mood: The atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience. Mood may be created by a combination of such elements as SETTING, VOICE, TONE and THEME
Literary Terms Glossary
Imagery: Vivid descriptive language appealing to one
or more of the five senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing)
Symbolism: A symbol is something that stands for something else.
Foreshadowing: Foreshadowing is a way of indicating or hinting at what will come later.
Theme: The general idea or meaning of a literary work. A theme may not always be explicit or easy to state, and a work of literature may contain more than one theme.
Questions to Answer as Small-Groups
In Interactive Notebooks, reflect on small-group and whole-class discussion:
How has your understanding of the short story changed/shifted/increased?
What is one idea that stood out to you based on either small-group discussion or whole-class discussion
Coming of Age Story Elements
Movement from innocence to experience
How does the imagery help illustrate that the narrator himself is suspended between the worlds of
childhood and adulthood, reality and illusion, and ignorance and knowledge?
Use this question as a starting point to develop a thematic thesis statement: