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Transcript of Medieval Monasteries
Prayer before down
Time was divided into work, prayers and study
Priests and nuns chanted to mark the hours
They could work in: the garden, the workshop or the library.
Monasteries and convents served the near peasants as hospitals and schools.They also gave food and basic attention to poor people.
One of the most important places of the monastery was the library.
Priests copied books and were able to preserve the works of Greeks and Romans
Conversion and Missionaries
At first Europeans were pagans (polytheistic)
Priest traveled to convert people from far away lands (missionaries)
Priests searched for kings to convince them of God's power to convert them (more effective)
700-800: most of Europe was Christian.This meant they used the Christian calendar, holidays and the churches became the central point in the villages.
Religion and power
For religion it was very simple: If you obeyed and did good deeds you would go to heaven. If not, you would go to hell.
Church felt they were a bigger authority than the king, because they were the representatives of God on earth.
Their punishment was to exclude people form the church. That meant that they would be excluded almost of every activity.
Church was very wealthy (specially in now-a-days Italy). They had money and land received from followers.
History of monasteries
First monasteries/convents were created in Egypt in 300 B.C.E
Benedict: in 529 created a code of behavior for monasteries. It included: balance between prayer and work and vows of servitude, obedience, chastity and poverty
Spread of Christianity and life in the monasteries
Concept of Christendom
Almost all Europeans were Christians: that was one of the few factors they had in common
Kings strove to win the favor of the Pope: that would mean even more loyal followers
That gave a common purpose to all Europeans: fight non Christians. This would turn out to be very useful for the Church