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I10 Reduced Adverb Clauses
Transcript of I10 Reduced Adverb Clauses
Reduced Adverb Clauses
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
(cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr
(cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr
(cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr
Introduce Adverb clauses
How can we reduce adverb clauses
An dependent clause that functions as an adverb.
It is always begins with a connector that expresses the relationship between the adverb clause and the independent clause.
An adverb clause can
be reduced only when
the subject of the adverb
clause and the subject of
the main clause are the same.
1- Omit the Subject of the clause
and the " BE " form of the verb :
While I was watching TV , I fell asleep.
While watching TV , I fell asleep.
2- If there is no " BE " , omit the subject and change the verb to " -ing " form :
After I signed the report , I gave it to the director.
After signing the report , I gave it to the director.
While the teacher was speaking, I fell asleep. ( It cannot be reduced because the subjects are different.)
Combine the two sentences into
ONE sentence, choosing the correct
REDUCED ADVERB CLAUSE:
1. I was driving past the bank. I saw Jeffrey.
I saw Jeffrey ________________.
after driving past the bank
before driving past the bank
while driving past the bank
2. I was camping in the Mojave Desert. I saw lots of snakes.
I saw lots of snakes ________________ in the Mojave desert.
3. She knew I didn't have any money. She paid for my meal.
________________, she paid for my meal.
While knowing that I didn't have any money
Knowing that I didn't have any money
Upon knowing that I didn't have any money
4. She was worried about her son. She called the police.
________________, she called the police.
Before worrying about her son
Worried about her son
While worrying about her son
5. He looked at her. He was hoping she would say something.
He looked at her, ________________.
hoping she would say something
before hoping she would say something
since hoping she would say something
6. Brush your teeth. After that, go to bed.
Don't go to bed ________________ your teeth.
7. He finished his homework. He went to bed.
________________, he went to bed.
After finishing his homework
While finishing his homework
Before finishing his homework
8. I finished the book. I lent it to my sister.
________________ the book, I lent it to my sister.
9. Fiona fell asleep. She was watching TV.
Fiona fell asleep ________________.
since watching TV
before watching TV
10. He came to The United States. He has gained 10 pounds.
He has gained 10 pounds ________________.
before coming to the United States
since coming to the United States
while coming to the United States
Page 127,PBT Book
Any Questions ???
1-While I was walking to class, I ran into an old friend.
While walking to class, I ran into an old friend.
2-Before I left for work, I ate breakfast.
Before leaving for work, I ate breakfast.
3-After he (had) finished his homework, Peter went to bed.
After finishing his homework, Peter went to bed.
After having finished his homework, peter went to bed.
Peter went to bed after finishing his homework.
A : Reducing Adverbial Clauses of Time :
1 - Two actions happening at the same time :
Janet was sitting in an armchair and reading a book.
Janet was sitting in an armchair reading a book.
2 - One action happens during another action :
David was watching TV while she fell asleep.
David fell asleep watching TV.
3 - One action happens before another action :
After they found a hotel, they looked for a restaurant.
Having found a hotel , they looked for a restaurant.
B - Reducing Adverbial Clauses of Reason :
1 - The sentences answering " WHY " questions :
Since she felt sick, she went to bed early.
Feeling sick, she went to bed early.
2 - Negative :
I didn't know his address, so I couldn't contact him.
Not knowing his address, I couldn't contact him.
3 - Negative , ( one action happens before another action ) :
I had not understand what he said, so I asked him to repeat the directions.
Not having understood what he said , I asked him to repeat the directions.