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Transcript of Diabete


Date: 29 Nov. 2012

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
The Nutrition and The Diabetes
TYPE 1 DIABETES(insulin-dependent-diabetes)MANAGEMENT
--What is Diabetes?
--The History of Diabetes
--The Classification of Diabetes
*The Causes and Symptoms of Diabetes
*The Nutrition and The Diabetes
--Unhealthy food
--Healthy food and Treatment
The body isn’t making any insulin at all.
-It’s about 85% of all cases in the population
-It is most common in over 40s in white population
-And over 25s in black and South Asian population
Unhealthy Food
Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetics and unknown factors
Fruit is a healthy food.

The key is the amount, frequency and
types of fruits .
Treatment for type 1 diabetes is a lifelong commitment to:
What is diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that
arises when the pancreas does not
produce enough insulin, or when
the body cannot effectively use the
insulin it produces.
The History of Diabetes
The Classification of Diabetes
--Type 1 Diabetes(IDDM)
--Type 2 Diabetes(NIDDM)
--Gestational Diabetes
The Causes and Symptoms of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
-It Counts about 15% of all cases
-It’s most often found in the under 40s
-It’s most common type found in childhood
1552 B.C.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms
-Going to toilet a lot/urination
-Thrush or genital itching
-Slowing healing
-Blurred vision
-Weight loss
Type 2 Diabetes
Either the body is not producing insulin, or the insulin is producing but is not working properly.

However glucose can’t always get into the cells because the lock to the cell door have been locked up with fatty deposit.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
As type 1 diabetes, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
-Go to the toilet a lot
-Thrush or genital itching
-Slow healing
-Blurred vision
-Weight loss
Gestational Diabetes
-Resembles type 2 diabetes in several respects
-A combination of relatively inadequate insulin secretion and responsiveness
-2%–5% of all pregnancies
-Improve or disappear after delivery
-Fully treatable
-Careful medical supervision
-About 20%–50% of affected women develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
If you are overweight or obese, you will eventually develop type 2 diabetes?
Eating too much sugar causes diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors
-regular soda
-fruit punch
-fruit drinks
-energy drinks
-sports drinks
-sweet tea
-other sugary drinks.
If you have diabetes, cannot eat starchy foods,
such as bread, potatoes and pasta??
Starchy foods are part of a healthy meal plan.

The key is portions.
Fruit is a healthy food. Therefore,
it is ok to eat as much of it as you wish?
List of Foods a Diabetic Person Cannot Eat
1. Alcohol and Sugary Drinks
2. Desserts
--table sugar, honey and maple syrup
3. High-Fat Dairy
--read labels to make sure that some
products do not have additional sugar.
4. Starchy Vegetables
--peas and Pota
--combine with a high-fiber foods, such as brown rice
5. Grains
anything made with white flour, degermed cornmeal and white rice.
6. Solid Fats
--butter and margarine which contain trans fat
7. Snacks and Processed Foods
--Many of the preservatives used are actually hidden sugars. These products are also high in fat and sodium.
(--by American Diabetes Association)
Taking insulin
Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight
Eating healthy foods
Monitoring blood sugar
TYPE 2 DIABETES non-insulin-dependent-diabetes
Chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel.
With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Untreated, type 2 diabetes can be life-threatening.
There is no cure for diabetes, so treatment aims to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible and to control your symptoms to prevent health problems developing later in life.

This could be through maintaining a healthy diet and regular exercise.
Looking at the pyramid we know that cereals, whole grain and starch, are at the base of the pyramid should be the staple food in the diet.

Fruits and vegetables are rich in essential vitamins, minerals and fiber.

Milk and meat products supply us with proteins which our essential for growth and bodybuilding.

Fats and oils supply us with concentrated source of energy and only a small amount is necessary for a well-balanced meal.

Sugars, fats and oils, fatty foods should be eaten sparingly only. The number of servings you need depends on your caloric requirements.
American Diabetes Association Diabetes Myths
Joslin Diabetes Center: The Glycemic Index and Diabetes
Diabetes food pyramid a toll to use to plan a healthy meal DIABETES FOOD PYRAMID Novo Nordisk http://www.novonordisk.co.in/documents/article_page/document/food_pyramid.asp
Thank you for your attention!
Earliest known record
of diabetes
Diabetes commonly diagnosed by 'water tasters'.

The Latin word for honey (referring to its sweetness), 'mellitus', is added to the term diabetes as a result.
First remove the pancreas
from a dog to determine
the effect of an absent
pancreas on digestion.
Up to 11th Century
Frederick Banting’s work leads to the discovery of insulin.
Leonard Thompson, 14,
the first person to receive
and injection of insulin to
treat diabetes.
Two major types of diabetes are recognized
First pancreas transplant
Insulin pen delivery system is introduced
The first recombinant DNA human insulin was created.
Diabetes Is Common, Disabling, and Deadly
25.8 million
people in the United States (
of the population) have diabetes. Of these,
7.0 million
have undiagnosed diabetes.

In 2010, about
1.9 million
new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people aged
20 years or older.

If current trends continue,
1 of 3
U.S. adults will have diabetes by

Among adults, diabetes is
the leading cause
of new cases of blindness, kidney failure, and amputations of feet and legs not related to accidents or injury.

Diabetes was
the seventh leading cause of death
listed on U.S. death certificates in 2007.

A person with diabetes has a shorter life expectancy and about twice the risk of dying on any given day as a person of similar age without diabetes.
Any Questions?
Diabetes food pyramid a toll to use to plan a healthy meal
family history, ethnicity and age
American Diabetes Association
Full transcript