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# Formula Connection

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by

## KT Jones

on 2 December 2017

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#### Transcript of Formula Connection

Compound-Complex
D,
I,
c
I
D,
I; I

I
D
,
c
I
I
D
; I

I,
c
I
D
I; I
D
Compound
I,
c
I
I;I

Complex
D,
I
I
D

Notice how the
dependent clause

travels through the 2
Compound
sentence formulas.

Notice how the 2
Complex
formulas are embedded too.
Simple
I

SV
SSV
SVV
SSVV

Beginning
Middle
End
Every clause has a subject & verb.
Independent clauses make a complete statement.
Dependent clauses make an incomplete statement because of the subordinating conjunction in front of it.
If the subject or verb is missing from a group of words, it is just a phrase.
Coordinating Conjunctions
FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so

Subordinating conjunctions turn an independent clause into a dependent clause. A dependent clause cannot:
stand alone
make sense by itself
make a complete statement
express a complete idea
Two Types of Verbs
Action(mind or body)
am are is
was were seem
be been become
More than one subject is called a
compound subject
.

More than one verb is called a
compound verb
.
D,
I,
c
I
I
D
,

c
I
I,
c
I
D

D,
I; I
I
D
; I
I; I
D
I,cI plus a
dependent

clause
I;I plus a
dependent

clause
Subordinating Conjunctions
after, although, as, as long as, as soon as, as if, as though, because, before, even though, even if, if, in order that, like, just as, once, provided, provided that, since, so that, rather than, though, when, whenever, unless, until, while
Coordinating Conjunctions
FANBOYS! FANBOYS! 7 in a row.
FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO
The clouds threatened the hikers.
I

Even though

the clouds threatened the hikers
...
No formula because it's not a complete sentene

Even though

the clouds threatened the hikers, they trudged up the trail.
D,I

They trudged up the trail

even though

the clouds threatened.
ID
Types of Clauses
identifying parts of sentences so we can use the sentence formulas correctly.
clause
independent clause
dependent clause
a group of words that contains at least one subject and verb
a group of words that contains at least one subject and verb
CAN stand alone/make a complete statement
represented by an "I" in the formulas
Simple sentences (SV, SSV, SVV, & SSVV) are all independent clauses.
a group of words that contains at least one subject and verb
CANNOT stand alone/ make a complete statement because of the
subordinating conjunction
in the beginning of it.
A dependent clause NEEDS an independent clause in the same sentence in order for it to be a complete statement.
represented by a "D" in the formulas
Sentence Proficiency Practice Group Work
Taking turns, each group member writes a sentence on the dry erase board along with the formula the student was trying to use.
While MARKing the sentence, try speaking out loud the Search and Check stage of the PENS strategy: MARK.
Revise the sentence to fit the formula.
When all sentences are fixed, add prepositional phrases and modifiers to make them more interesting.
Sentence Writing Strategy
MARKing
Simple Sentences
Sentence Proficiency starter pack folder set up
Language of the Discipline & Formula notes

PENS MARK Review
Imposters: prepositional phrases & infinitives

MARK Simple Sentences pg.44, 55, 71
Verb phrases & helping verbs, main subject, adverbs

Continue MARKing Simple sentences pg. 103, 119

Mock Pop Quiz
Continue MARKing Simple Sentences pg. 168-169

Write Simple Sentences with imposters and verb phrases
Practice Quiz-PENS MARK Quiz tomorrow

PENS MARK Quiz

Outcome: Students should be able to...
recognize that independent clauses and dependent clauses are the building blocks for sentence formulas.

distinguish the difference between and understand the purpose of action and linking verbs.
remember the definition of an independent clause and the list of linking verbs
use the Search and Check step, MARK, to proofread sentences and to find the subjects and verbs.
identify imposters, prep.phrases and infinitives, and recognize that they can falsely appear to be the subj. or the verb of the sentence.
identify the main subject and verb phrases within sentences that contain modifiers and/or helping verbs.
Assessment: verbal practice, learning sheets, writing & MARKing sentences, practice Test, Test
CCSS: W. 11-12.4, L. 11-12.1-3
UDL: Multiple means of representation and expression
Differentiation: Group for ability and remediation
Use one of these to connect 2 independent clauses together.
Put one of these in front of an
independent
clause to make it a
dependent
clause.
...or use a semicolon instead choose.
The hedgehog
scurried
underneath the blueberry bush.

The hedgehog
was
underneath the blueberry bush.
The bear cub
thought
with a confused look on her face.

The bear cub
seemed
confused as she tilted her head.
action (body)
(existing that way)
action (mind)
(existing that way)
...is about writing with a variety of sentence types and punctuating those sentences correctly.
There are 4 sentence types:
Simple
Compound
Complex
Compound-Complex
In order to use the sentence writing strategy, we need to be able to identify the
verbs
and the
subjects
in sentences.
The verb is what the subject thinks, does, or is.
The subject is what the sentence is about.
The hedgehog and the bear cub touched noses.

The hedgehog sneezed and bristled.
Terms 2 Know
phrases
clauses
independent clauses
dependent clauses
Parts of Speech
subjects
verbs
action verbs (mind or body)
Multiple Subjects and Verbs
compound subject
compound verb
When the dependent clause comes before the independent clause, we need to include a comma to indicate the natural pause in speech
Another Way to Organize the Compound-Complex Formulas
Mon.
2/23/15
Thurs.
2/19/15
Wed.
2/25/15
Thurs.
2/26/15
Fri.
2/13/15
Tues.
2/24/15
1. "M"?
2. "A" ?
3. "R"?
4. "K"?
5.What are the 2 types of verbs?
6. What are the 2 imposters?
7. What do they trick people into doing wrong while they MARK sentences?
8. List the 9 linking verbs:
9. Write a SV sentence with 2 imposters. MARK the sentence.
10. Write an SSVV sentence with both imposters. MARK the sentence.

Pop Quiz
Compound Sentence formulas, Independent Clause & Coordinating Conjunctions
Memorize! verbal practice
Explore reference material: Sentence Structure Table & Linguistic Signals of relationships Between Ideas
Practice MARKing and writing Compound Sentences: pg. 25, 30, 34, 38, 39

Complex Sentence Formulas: Subordinating Conjunction, Dependent Clauses
Memorize! verbal practice
Practice MARKing and writing Complex Sentences: pg. 48, 49, 52, 55

Compound-Complex Sentence Formulas
Memorize! verbal practice
Practice MARKing and writing Compound-Complex Sentences: pg. 73, 74, 78, 82, 86, 87, 88, 93, 94

Sentence Variety Practice Test
Sort all 4 sentence types
Practice writing all 4 sentence types
Sentence Variety Test
Outcome: Students should be able to...
recite the definition of an independent clause and the list of coordinating conjunctions: FANBOYS.
recite the definition of a dependent clause
recognize the effect of a subordinating conjunction placed in the beginning of an independent clause (causes it to become dependent)
recite the formulas for compound, complex, & compound complex sentences
identify and underline independent and dependent clauses
write original sentences to fit the formulas

Assessment: learning sheets,verbal practice, writing sentences, sorting sentences, practice test, test
CCSS: W. 11-12.4, L. 11-12.1-3
UDL: Multiple means of representation and expression
Differentiation: Group for ability and remediation
Compound, Complex, & Compound Complex
1. What are 3 aspects of an Independent clause?

2. What is the formula for Simple sentences?

3. What are the formulas for Compound sentences?

4. What are the 7 coordinating conjunctions?

5. Write a I;I sentence. MARK it!

6. Write a I,cI sentence. MARK it!
today is Wednesday
Ed is proud ;
Ed violently beat up the younger teenager.
Subordinating Conjunctions
after, although, as, as long as, as soon as, as if, as though, because, before, even though, even if, if, in order that, like, just as, once, provided, provided that, since, so that, rather than, though, when, whenever, unless, until, while
D
,
I

I
D

Even though
provided that
tomorrow will be Thursday
D,

I; I
I
D
; I
I; I
D

Friday is the last school day of the week.
D,

I
,c
I

D,

I; I
I
D
; I
I; I
I
,c
I

I; I
D
D,

I
,c
I
I
D
,c
I
I
,c
I
D

FOR
AND
NOR
BUT
OR
YET
SO
Complex
Compound-Complex
Ed created a bond between the brothers
I
D
I
,
,
so

Tom Walker was naive about the dark man's intentions
he sat calmy onthe log with Crowninshield's name on it
;
since
and
Tom Walker refuses the devil's offer
his wife will try to find riches
she will find Old Scratch in the swamp
I
D

D
,I

Because

Tom was greedy
Because he was dead, Tom Walker went to Hell.
Tom Walker went to Hell because he was dead.
Because there is a variety of food, Jesus must love cheese fries, but he only eats it at baseball games.
Tom goes into the house to answer the phone; Daisy gets mad at him.
Daisy gets mad at him, for Tom goes into the house to talk to his mistress on the phone.
D,I
Daisy, her daughter, Nick's reaction

ID
What Gatsby was doing at the end of the chapter and how to read into it.
Simple
Compound
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