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History and Foundations of Sport Psychology
Transcript of History and Foundations of Sport Psychology
of Sport Psychology
TWO MAJOR QUESTIONS:
How do social and psychological variables influence participation and performance in sport & exercise?
How does participation in sport & exercise affect the psychological well-being of the individual?
B = f (P,E)
B = behavior in sport & exercise settings
P = personal or individual difference factors
E = environmental or situational factors
(= interactive approach or a social/cognitive research orientation)
What is Sport & Exercise Psychology?
The scientific study of human behavior in sport and exercise, and the practical application of that knowledge in sport and exercise settings (Gill, 2000).
Why participate, continue, drop out?
When is performance facilitated?
How do parents, coaches, peers, & others affect children’s physical activity behavior?
What environmental conditions maximize positive outcomes to participants?
A little history
Relatively new field – dates back to late 19th, early 20th century.
Norman Triplett – social facilitation
Coleman Griffith – first systematic sport psychology research (1920-1940)
Emergence of sport psychology as a discipline (1965-1975)
Exercise becomes a significant focus in 1980’s
What is "evidence-based practice"?
Licensure vs. certification
Life-span & diversity issues
Innovation, new applications & contexts
Challenges facing sport psych today: