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History and Foundations of Sport Psychology

KIN 247: Day 2 - History and Foundations
by

Sean Mullen

on 26 August 2015

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Transcript of History and Foundations of Sport Psychology

Dr. Sean Mullen
Brief History
of Sport Psychology

TWO MAJOR QUESTIONS:
How do social and psychological variables influence participation and performance in sport & exercise?

How does participation in sport & exercise affect the psychological well-being of the individual?
CENTRAL THEME:
B = f (P,E)
B = behavior in sport & exercise settings
P = personal or individual difference factors
E = environmental or situational factors
(= interactive approach or a social/cognitive research orientation)
Motivation
Performance
What is Sport & Exercise Psychology?
The scientific study of human behavior in sport and exercise, and the practical application of that knowledge in sport and exercise settings (Gill, 2000).

Why participate, continue, drop out?
When is performance facilitated?
How do parents, coaches, peers, & others affect children’s physical activity behavior?
What environmental conditions maximize positive outcomes to participants?
A little history
Relatively new field – dates back to late 19th, early 20th century.
Norman Triplett – social facilitation
Coleman Griffith – first systematic sport psychology research (1920-1940)
Emergence of sport psychology as a discipline (1965-1975)
Exercise becomes a significant focus in 1980’s

What is "evidence-based practice"?

Licensure vs. certification

Life-span & diversity issues

Innovation, new applications & contexts
Challenges facing sport psych today:
Full transcript