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Algerian War cause and effects
Transcript of Algerian War cause and effects
The Algerian War When?
The Algerian war for independence began in 1954 and ended in 1962 when French President Charles De Gaulle pronounced Algeria an independent country on July 3. Background Info Background Info Who? CAUSES Ahmed Ben Bella:
ex sergeant in the French army that joined 8 other Algerian exiles in 1954 to form a revolutionary committee called National Liberation Front (FLN) Algeria was under French control & Algeria wanted to gain independence from France •Charles de Gaulle: French General in WWII and President of Algeria from 1965-1978. Why?
The movement for independence came from the Algerians' dissatisfaction with being treated as second-class citizens by the French colonial government. Houari Boumedienne (1932-1978):
Commander of FLN’s military wing stationed in Tunisia. Took control of Algeria in a coup. •Raouul Salan: Army commander in Algiers. Leader of French insurrection during the war to call for de Gaulle’s leadership. •Jacques Soustelle: Governor General of Algeria from 1955-1956. Due to his support, de Gaulle returned to power. What?
The Algerian War of independence from 1954 to 1962 is a war which often is referred to as a guerrilla war. That is, a war between an established army and irregular forces of the population in a country. The Algerian war is a good example of how complex the nature of a guerrilla war can be, and how hard it can be for the opposing forces to end it in victory. Algeria was made a French colony through series of military campaigns during the 1830 and ‘40s. As a result many Europeans and French people immigrated to Algeria during this time. causing the native population to decline. economic inequalities and unemployment among the Algerian Muslim population increases the discontent against the French government.
The French government made it clear that it would not lose the grip of Algeria and increased its military presence in Algeria. Effects Although the French military brought the FLN forces to the brink of destruction in 1959, the nationalists continued to launch many terror attacks in France. De Gaulle, aware of the global movement of decolonization which had accelerated since 1945 and the complexity of winning the Algerian war, decided to put the issue of Algerian independence to a referendum in both France and Algeria. The referendum passed and De Gaulle chose to set about the negotiations of an Algerian state. In 1962 the Algerian war ended with the Evian Accords, an agreement of permanent ceasefire between the French military and the FLN. Algeria was now an independent state.