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Ballet - Classical Ballet History
Transcript of Ballet - Classical Ballet History
=The first pointe shoes were regular ballet slippers that were heavily darned at the tip (allows girl to briefly stand on her toes to appear weightless)
-later converted to the hard box that is used today The Classical Time Period ANA Pavlova Important People King Louis XIV
Pierre Beauchamp (Dancer and Choreographer)
Jean-Baptiste Lully (Composer and Dancer)
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin a.k.a Moliere (Playwright)
Giacomo Torelli (Scenic Designer)
Raoul Anger Feuillet (Dancer and Choreographer)
Balon, Blondy, Marcel, Mlles Subligny,
Guiot and Prevost Jean Baptiste Lully worked closely with King Louis XIV as a composer for his dances. The King named Lully the head of the Academie Royale de Musique in 1672.
Pierre Beauchamp was orginially known for his dance technique "tourbillon" where he threw his feet forward and made a turn in the air.
Later he became the director of the
Dancer's Academy. He is credited with
the positions of the feet and giving
importance to turnout. Important People Information Extra Information Moliere is responsbile for including dance into the action of the play instead of intermedes.
Giacaomo Torelli is responsbile for the proscenium arch as the stage frame and for reinforcing dance movement onstage by raising the stage instead of performing in ballrooms.
Raoul Anger Feuillet is credited with the
notation system for dance movement
allowing us to preserve the
choreography from that
time period. The History of Classical Ballet The Game Question 1 Who was the king that brought "ballet de cour" to its most brilliant phase?
A. King Louis VIX
B. King Louis XIV
c. King Henry XI Question 2 True/False
Jean-Baptiste Lully created the 5 positions of the feet Question 10 A distinctive feature of ballet is the continuous outward rotation of the thighs from the hip, referred to as......? Question 4 Who created symbols to indicate positions?
A. King Louis XIV
B. Jean-Baptiste Lully
C. Raoul Anger Feuillet Question 6 Who is responsbile for including dance into the action of the play instead of intermedes. Question 8 What was the name of the technique that Pierre Beauchamp was known for as a dancer before he became a choreographer? Question 3 During this era ballet moves from ballrooms to where? Question 5 Fill In The Blank:
The __________ Arch as a stage frame enhanced the use of hidden machines to shift scenes more quickly. Question 7 Jean Baptiste Lully was appointed the head of what Dance Acadamy in 1672? Question 9 Bonus Question:
Who is the famous artist who painted the painting below of classical ballet dancers? A. King Louis XIV Answer: False, Pierre Beauchamps did Answer: Raised Stages Answer: C. Raoul Anger Feuillet Answer: Proscenium Answer: Moliere/ Jean Baptiste Poquelin Answer: Academie Royale de Musique Answer: Tourbillon Answer: Edgar Degas Answer: Turnout King Louis XIV (1643-1715) brought "ballet de cour" to its most brilliant phase. He was a nimble dancer appearing in court ballets for over 18 years. In 1661 King Louis XIV created "Academie Royale de Danse". Thirteen dancers were appointed to set artistic standards for teaching and training dancers for court ballets. These dancers also had power to license teachers, a privilege violently opposed by the Musicians Guild which the dancers belonged to for centuries. What Happened During This Era.... -Most dancers were in the court
-Ballets moved from ballroom onto a raised stage
-The Proscenium arch as a stage frame enhanced the use of hidden machines to shift scenes more quickly
-Beauchamps created the 5 positions of the feet
-By 1700 Raoul Anger Feuillet created symbols to indicate positions
-Movements for the hands and rules for opposition of arms to legs became standardized Classical Period
Margot Fonteyn =classical ballet is the most methodical of the ballet styles; it adheres to traditional ballet technique:
-Everything is turned out
-When the feet are not on the floor they are pointed
-Posture and placement is vital
-When the leg is not bent, it's stretched completely =best known for its unique features and textures, such as pointe work, turn-out of the legs, and high extensions; its graceful, flowing, precise movements; and its ethereal qualities Ana Pavlova Margot Fonteyn and Rudolph Nureyev