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Transcript of Buddism
Going for Refuge. This is probably the most significant ritual connecting people to the Dharma. This is the oldest and most common ritual throughout most Buddhist traditions.
Offering homage or respect to the Buddha, to Buddhist teachers, teachings, or other important areas of Buddhist life.
Making offerings or practicing dana.
Confession of faults
Calling on spiritual forces for support or protection
Blessings, aspirations, and Brahmavihara “prayers.”
Dedication of merit
Rites of Passage such as weddings and funerals
Initiations and ordinations
Place of worship: Monasteries, Nunneries, Pagodas and Temples
Sacred Text: Tripitaka, Mahayana Sutras, Tibetan Book of Dead
Day of Worship: instead of worshipping, Buddhists pay obeisance to the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha.
There are around 350 million Buddhists in the world.
The countries with the most Buddhist followers are China, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam.
99% of Buddhists are located around the Asia-Pacific region
Almost 1 million Buddhists are American
Religion Diffusion Map
Origin & Hearth
Buddhism first began during the 5th Century B.C.E., in Northern India.
There is no deity, but the first follower was Siddhartha Gautama.
Religion Distribution Map
Thousands of years ago, the religion of Buddhism was developed. This development took place in Northern India.
It began to diffuse to Sri Lanka, Thailand, and other South Eastern Asian countries. It also diffused to countries such as Nepal, Mongolia, China and Japan.
It was very beneficial that Buddhism was diffused because Buddhism was starting to fall in Northern India due to the fact that there were Muslim incursions during the eleventh century.
Currently, Buddhism has not been used as much in countries that are communist such as China and Vietnam although it is starting to be practiced again.
Buddhism is also starting to diffuse to Europe and the United States.
Mahayana & Theravada (known as schools)
The religion of Buddhism is practiced worldwide and the followers can be any race, nationality, or ethnicity. 376 million followers are located worldwide. Missionaries also help spread the religion. The spread of Buddhism is both expansion and relocation diffusion.
Promises spiritual liberation to monks and laity, & encourages saving all sentient beings from life's suffering
School rose to prominence in India around the first century A.D., after splitting from the Theravada
56% of Buddhists practice this
Emphasizes strict personal meditation and the monastic path to Enlightenment
More conservative & strict to Buddha's teachings
Around 124 million followers
This symbol is called the Dharma Wheel. It has been used many times to represent Buddha himself. The wheel has eight spokes which is used to represent the Eightfold Path.
This symbol is called the vase. It represents the showering of health, wealth, prosperity, and all the good things that come with enlightenment.
This symbol has two names which is the parasol and umbrella. This is used to represent the protection from suffering and harmful forces. It can also mean the enjoyment of the cool shade it provides.
This symbol is called the two golden fish. It represents luck and fortune. It also means the courage and fearlessness to face the ocean of sufferings and to be able to swim freely like how fish can in water.
Main Beliefs and Ideals
Buddhism has nothing to do with "salvation". The only goal in Buddhism is to attain Nirvana. To do this, we should let go of our desires, cravings and attachments, and try to dispel our ignorance (means of salvation)follow the teachings of Buddha
Instead of worshipping, Buddhists pay obeisance to the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha.
Ordinary human beings possess greed, anger, delusion, ignorance, cravings, etc. and they were compared by the Buddha as 'the fools' and 'the blind'. (Ordinary human beings mean those who haven't walked or are not walking the Eightfold Path.)
Not a part of (Theravada) Buddhism. The Buddha told us that we should strive hard ourselves to dismiss the bad deeds we have already done (except for certain bad deeds, e.g., matricide, etc.) and also showed us the way to do so (confessing sin)
The Buddha was the teacher to show us the four noble truths and the eightfold path (the path to nirvana or the way to enlightenment).
If one followed the Buddha's teachings, one would not need a divorce. However, if personal differences are so vast within a couple, divorce is permitted. (marriage and divorce)
The Buddha, the Dharma, the Sangha (Three Jewels)
Buddhists do not believe in a Creator God.
They are nontheistic
Buddha was originally born a wealthy prince but left it behind when he saw poverty and sickness
Until one has attained Nirvana, he or she will be reborn into any of the 31 planes of existence over and over again, due to his or her karma.
Practicing Buddhists view Buddha as a teacher and not a God.
Buddhism is a nontheistic religion.
Buddhism is the 4th Largest religion by population behind Christianity, Islam, Hinduism.
There are four noble truths: There is suffering, the ways of Origins of Suffering, there is a permanent end to suffering, and the path of Ending Suffering
"The Global Religious Landscape." Pew Research Centers Religion Public Life Project RSS. N.p., 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
"Buddhism vs Christianity." - Difference and Comparison. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016
"Military." Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
"Buddhist Festivals and Special Days." Buddhist Festivals and Special Days. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
Although Buddhism originated in China, there are little to no followers there now.
Buddha was not as fat as he is depicted to be
"What Is the Difference between Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism?" What Is the Difference between Mahayana Buddhism and Theravada Buddhism? N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
"Mahayana vs Theravada." <i>- Difference and Comparison</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
"10 Interesting Facts About Buddha - Sivana Blog." Sivana Blog 10 Interesting Facts About Buddha Comments. N.p., 10 Mar. 2014. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
"Buddhism Interesting Facts." : Fun Facts about Buddhist Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
" Buddhist Symbols." Buddhist Symbols. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016.