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Biblical allegories in Beowulf

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by

Steele Goldman

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Biblical allegories in Beowulf

By Steele Goldman & Tessa Jones Biblical Allegories in "Beowulf" Beowulf A pagan tale Beowulf was originally a pagan tale passed down from generation to generation.

Over the years some christian values were thrown into the epic poem.

So now we read Beowulf,
exampling christian and pagan beliefs. "Beowulf" has an incredibly rich background. Its background has elements of Germanic pagan culture and Christianity. Beowulf was originally written during the 8th century, a time when Christian tribes went through Europe in hope of spreading Christianity. Beowulf a combination of Religions Christian references -Beowulf fights alone when others flee
-he is willing to sacrifice himself for others The speeches of the poem are similar to the Bible
-Hrothgars speech to Beowulf about power and not to loose ones self
-similar to the Sermans/lessons in religious gatherings God is protector of man
-Beowulf to Hrothgar
"Scarcely did I survive that with my life, the struggle beneath the water, barely did I accomplish the task, the
fight was all but ended,
if God had not protected me."
(pg. 30) Pagan and Christianity Pagan-someone who follows a nature-based religion
-Is the origin of other religions like Buddhism, Hinduism Christianity- Gods death was the payment for our sins
-Asking God for guidance, help, forgiveness, savior for evil
-(The Lords Prayer) The Gregorian Mission The christianization of Anglo Saxon England. Began in 597. Roman churches form the South East started replacing Polytheism ideas with Christianity. Ethelberht of Kent was the first Christian king of Anglo Saxon England was baptized in 601. Even though king Ethelberht was a pagan he allowed his wife Bertha to freely practice her belief in god. King Ethelberht allowed missionaries to move into his kingdom and preach the word of god. Within a year he converted to Christianity. Ethelberht died in 616, and his kingdom under the rule of his pagan sons. Citations

"Â Pagan Symbols." Pagan Symbols and Translations. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ancient-symbols.com/pagan_symbols.html>.

"Chattanooga Public Library - Chattanooga, Tennessee." Chattanooga Public Library - Chattanooga, Tennessee. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. <http://www.lib.chattanooga.gov/bib/graphic_novels.html>.

Little, Steve, Joe,Sera, and Don Nelson. "Christian Elements in Beowulf." Christian Elements in Beowulf. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. <http://csis.pace.edu/grendel/projs1d/CHRIST.html>.


Lawson, Rich. "Christianity in Beowulf." Exclusive Medieval Articles -. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. <http://www.shadowedrealm.com/articles/exclusive/christianity_in_beowulf>.

"Olias of Sunhillow." Olias Symbol «. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. <http://olias.wordpress.com/category/olias-symbol/>.

"Retail Therapy." John Howe. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. <http://www.john-howe.com/stuff/gallery/details.php?image_id=1648>.

"The Bible." CARM. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. <http://carm.org/bible>.

"Vengeance the Pagan and Christian Inspiration." Christian and Pagan Elements of Beowulf. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2012. <http://csis.pace.edu/grendel/projs1a/page.html>.

"Qoutz â Cute Quotes." Thank You Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.qoutz.com/thank-you-quotes>.

"What Is Christianity and What Do Christians Believe?" What Is Christianity and What Do Christians Believe? N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. <http://www.gotquestions.org/Christianity.html>.


"What Is a Pagan?" What Is a Pagan. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.everythingunderthemoon.net/what_is_a_pagan.htm>. Pentacle The Cross 5 tips:
4 elements
5th is spirit/self and connected by a circle
For example Hrothgar was described as a non believing pagan leader. While at the same time it refers to all of the characters (including Hrothgar) as thanking god for their good fortune. Beowulf to Hrothgar
"...if I should depart from life in thy cause....Be thou a guardian to my followers, my comrades..."
(pg. 27)
-The idea of Followers
-Beowulfs' warriors are like the 12 followers of Jesus...following in their practices "There he whom death takes
needs trust to the judging of the Lord."
(pg. 8) Religious References "Grendel was the name of this grim demonhaunting the marches, marauding round the heathand the desolate fens; he had dwelt for atimein misery among the banished monsters,Cain's clan, whom the creator had outlawedand condemned as outcasts. For the killing of Abel the Eternal Lord had exacted a price: Cain got no good from committing that murder because the Almighty made him anathema and out of the curse of his exile there sprang ogres and elves and evil phantoms and the giants too who strove with God time and again until He gave them their reward." (16) Why is Cain and Abel the only specific biblical reference in Beowulf?

How Grendel came to be. Grendel was a distant relative of Cain and Abel. Cain and Abel ofcorse were the first children of Adam and Eve. Cain murders his brother, and God banishes Cain, and curses his entire family.
Cain was the first murderer in our species and God wanted
his entire family to suffer including Grendel.
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