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The British Empire

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by

Tim Ber

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of The British Empire

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Settlement of Jamestown
in North America 1607 first British colony The British Empire and the Commonwealth In the following years, the British Empire gained and lost many new territories American Revolutionary War ends, 1783 with a loss for the British Empire However, British colonialism expanded around the entire globe 50 years later, in 1833, slavery ended throughout the British Empire Canada given Dominion status in the British Empire 1867 equality with the UK This lead to Dominion status in... 1900: Australia
1907: New Zealand
1910: South Africa
1921: Ireland Statue of Westminster 1930 Dominions are:
-autonomous communities within the British Empire
-equal in status
-not subordinate
-loyal to the Crown World War I
and
World War II lead to a decline in Britain's wealth and political power more interested in rebuilding their own country Soon, they realised that they are unable to run such large empire In 1947, India gained independence from the UK India joins the Commonwealth as the first republican member 1949 Ireland leaves the British Commonwealth Sixteen of the members are constitutional monarchies which recognize Queen Elizabeth ll as their Head of State!!! Numbers Today, the Commonwealth counts 54 members
(5 national monarchies, 33 republics) and 1.7 billion people
30 % of the world's population! goals -advance democracy
-human rights
-economic and social development similarities -common working language
-similar systems of law
-public administration
-education Today, the Commonwealth's goals are to...
-promote democracy
-good government
-human rights
-rule of law
-equality of women
-sustainable economic and social development
-universal access to education
-fighting AlDS
-avoiding economic downturns
-ending terrorism Size -largest in world history
-covered 1/4 of land surface
-former leading
global power Power -powerful and wealthy
-strong army/navy
-technological advances (inventions)
e.g. telegraph, railroads, steamships motives -trade
-economics
-politics
-religion
-curiosity changes -liberal
-for the good of people
-self-rule
-improve welfare, medical care, education, transport systems of natives But, they tried to turn locals into Englishmen by changing their culture; often with discrimination and prejudice legacy -huge impact on the world
-formation of the Commonwealth
-still today:
Parliamentary democracies (on British ideals)
English language THE END :)
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