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Transcript of The Colosseum
By: Bianca Armellino
When Was it Built?
The Colosseum was ordered to be built
in 72 AD by the emperor Vespasian. It was
finished about eight years later in 80 AD. It was built mostly for entertainment, kind of like our movie theaters. Also, the emperor wanted to become more popular for making the Colosseum so he wouldn't be voted down from the position of emperor.
The walls of the Colosseum were built with stone. They were made with many arches to keep the weight down and to provide better support. There are four different levels that can be accessed by stairs. The floor of the Colosseum was made with wood and covered with 15 cubic centimeters of sand.
Why the Name
The first name for the Colosseum was Amphitheatrum Flavium, but eventually it became more known as the Colosseum. The normal spelling for a large auditorium used for sports and entertainment is "coliseum", but while referring to the one in Rome, it is capitalized and is spelled differently, as the "Colosseum"
Below the arena was a web of underground passage ways called the Hypogeum. These passage ways allowed animals, actors, and gladiators to mysteriously appear in the middle of the arena. Trap doors were added for special effect.
How Big Is It?
The Colosseum is huge. It could seat up to 80,000 people! It covers around 6 acres of land, is 189 meters long, 156 meters wide, and 50 meters tall. It took more than 1.1 million tons of concrete, stone, and bricks to be completed.
1. The west exit of the Colosseum was where dead gladiators were carried out of. It was called the Gate of Death.
2. To protect visitors from the heat of the sun, there was an awning that could be pulled over the seating area for shade.
3. Animals were forced to fight each other and fight against gladiators
4. The southern side of the Colosseum collapsed in a major earthquake in 1349.
5. The Colosseum appears on the back of Italy's 5 cent Euro, their form of money.