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Shortening

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Mabel Livingston

on 27 July 2015

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Transcript of Shortening

Acronymy
The method of using a combination of letters (often the first one in the individual words) to create a word or phrase (Curzan & Adams, 2012)
A long time and longest naval acronym is: ADCOMSUBORDCOMPHIBSPAC = Administrative Command, Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet Subordinate Command. (Acronyms, Initialisms and Abbreviations Dictionary, 1965)
Educators often use TESOL = teaching English to speakers of other languages (McCarthy, 2009)
Clipping
reducing or cutting a word into a shortened version without losing the meaning or definition of the original word (Curzan & Adams, 2012)
Backformation
removing a part of a word that appears to be an affix thus creating an original word with a different meaning than the original word
The Formation of Words
Shortening
Shortening is the method by which words and/or phrases are shorter (Curzan & Adams, 2012).

Alphabetism
Alphabetism similar to using acronyms yet the difference is instead of the letters being pronounced as a word; the letters are pronounced individually (Curzan & Adams, 2012)

Example: LOL is a contemporary often used in internet to mean Laugh out Loud

Example: I.e. (or i.e. / I.E.) stands for "id est" (Latin for "That is (to say)" or "in other words") (McCarthy, 2009)
There are four methods in which words or phrases can be shortened
An original example is the word mob, a shorten version of the Latin word mobile vulgus meaning an excitable crowd

But a more contemporary word, sci-fi from the words Science Fiction (Curzan & Adams, 2012)
Original example: beg from the French word beggar. The word changes not only in length but also in usage from a noun to a verb

Contemporary example: defrag from the word fragmentation
NO! not that kind

References

Acronyms, Initialisms and Abbreviations Dictionary. 1965.

Cohen, Paul. Teacher Acronym Song. n.d. online video.

Curzan, Anne and Michael Adams. How English Words A Linguistic Introduction. Glenview: Pearson Education, 2012. Textbook.

McCarthy, Chris. 10 useful acronyms and abbreviations. 02 January 2009. <http://www.ecenglish.com/learnenglish/lessons/10-useful-acronyms-and-abbreviations>.

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