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06.02H Awareness Presentation BY: CINDY RAJKUMAR

This is my economics project for lesson 6.02H. I have cited all of my work that was used, inculded pictures.

Cindy Rajkumar

on 15 February 2013

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Transcript of 06.02H Awareness Presentation BY: CINDY RAJKUMAR

By: Cindy Rajkumar
Beach pollution: Is EVERYWHERE! Externalities with Water Pollution POVERTY AND POLLUTION -
GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE BEACH Pollution: Quick Facts Pollution prevention efforts are the most effective ways to reduce beach water pollution. Large-scale activities, such as the Florida Coastal Clean-Up, are organized by the state and other environmental organizations. Individual pollution prevention efforts include conserving water, keeping septic systems properly maintained, disposing of boat sewage in onshore sanitary facilities, and using natural fertilizers. These can be a big help in reducing beach water pollution Beach pollution is a problem in every coastal state, not just Florida. In the year 2002, beach pollution caused at least 12,184 closings and swimming advisories at ocean, bay, Great lakes, and some freshwater beaches in the USA.
This pollution is hazardous to the environment, and swimming in contaminated beach waters may be dangerous to your health. Additionally, these closings and swimming advisories may have impacts to local economies that rely heavily on beach-goers and tourism. Based on the number of nationwide beach closings and swimming advisories, beach pollution is a persistent problem.

As I learned in the lesson The water in the oceans and rivers is a free resource, so dumping our trash and waste in the oceans and rivers is a cheap way to dispose of the industrial waste. However, when dumping our waste, the water is polluted for others, whose health and quality of life may be at risk as a result.
In order to check to make sure our waters are clean our people and government have to pay costs for many factors:
Economic Costs- such as when a regional aquatic ecosystem is damaged (government must pay to fix it), commercial fishing and aquaculture are likely to be less profitable. Includes Water purification and Recreational facilities.
Social Costs- Contaminated water is harmful to human beings, depending on the nature of the pollutants and the type of exposition. Includes: Health services costs and Loss of life expectancy.
Environmental Costs- Damage to ecosystems, this includes: Losses in biological diversity and sustainability also Loss of water regeneration.

Poverty and Pollution, two words that can majorly impact someone's life. Poverty and pollution are intricately linked. Poor people are "disproportionately" exposed to hazards in their environment that in turn makes them sick. This is due to the lack of clean and fresh water, and adequate food, shelter, fuel and air.
Poverty impacts health because it determines how much resources poor people have and defines the amount of environmental risks they will be exposed to. It is the "poorest of the poor", (one-fifth of the world's population) living on less than $1 a day and unable to secure adequate food, water, clothing, shelter, and health care, who is most vulnerable to environmental threats. Most of the governments in the poorest part of the world spend around "$10 per person per year on health care."

In 2002, beach pollution prompted at least 12,814 closings and swimming advisories at ocean, bay, Great Lakes, and some freshwater beaches.

•Storm water and polluted runoff are potential problems at more than half (1,383) of all reported beaches with information on pollution sources, and 46% (1,152) report sewage as a pollution source.

•Swimming-related illnesses are usually not severe or life threatening, but can cause significant discomfort. Young children, the elderly, and people with impaired immune systems are at more of a risk than healthy, mid-aged people

A recent Southern California study revealed that people who swim close to flowing storm drains were 50% more likely to develop a variety of symptoms than those who swim further away from the same drain.

Community Measures to Prevent Beach and Ocean Pollution
Beach Pollution: An estimated one-sixth of the world's population (1.1 billion people) remains without access to improved sources of water. More than 1.4 billion people lack access to safe water.

Dirty water is the worlds "deadliest" pollutant

Today 2.5 billion people, including almost one billion children, live without even basic sanitation.

Water Poverty- THE FACTS: By: Cindy Rajkumar Kirit S. Parikh. "Poverty and Environment Turning The Poor Into Agents of Environmental Regeneration." (Working Paper Series). United Nations Development Programme Poverty Related Publications, October 1998. See http:www.undp.org/poverty/publications/wkpaper/wp1

Geoffrey Lean. "At A Glance," Our Planet Vol. 12, No. 2 (2001): 16.

Davis J. Tenenbaum, "Tackling the Big Three," Environmental Health Perspective 106 (May, 1998).

Ian Johnson and Kseniya Lvosvsky, "Double Burden," Our Planet 12, no. 2 (2001): 19.

Global Lead Network, "Worldwide Phase-Out of Leaded Gasoline," Global Lead Network website at http://www.globalleadnet.org/policy_leg/policy/leadgas_progress.cfn.

59. H. Needleman, J. Reiss, M. tobin, G Biesecker, and J. Greenhouse. "Bone lead levels and delinquent behavior." Journal of American Medical Association 275, 5 (1996).

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