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Sara Mai

on 28 October 2014

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Transcript of Frankestein

Film - 1931
Horror monster film from Universal Pictures directed by James Whale.

The film is based on the novel of the same name by Mary Shelley.

The film was followed by multiple sequels and has become an iconic horror film.
By M. Shelley
Before M. Shelley
Gothic fiction
The Beginning
1764: novel The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole
- Combine elements of the medieval romance;

- First Edition disguised as an actual medieval romance from Italy discovered and republished.

The Romantics
- product of social inequity;
- Sublime influenced the Gothic;
- terrifying description;
- ancient setting;
- complicated plot and a sense of mystery
- powerful element used to create an atmosphere of gloom;
- the protagonists want to go over the human limits to control the nature
Gothic influences in painting
Caspar David Friedrich

Secret passages, long dark corridors and dreadful dungeons, the natural surroundings made up of thick forests and impenetrable woods.
Atmosphere of Gloom

Mary Shelley was an English novelist,short story writer,dramatist,essayist, biographer,and travel writer,best known for her Gothic novel Frankenstein.
Pregnant and often ill, Mary had to cope with Percy's joy at the birth of his son by Harriet Shelley in late 1814 and his constant outings with Claire Clairmont.She was partly consoled by the visits of Hogg, whom she disliked at first but soon considered a close friend. Percy Shelley seems to have wanted Mary and Hogg to become lovers; Mary did not dismiss the idea, since in principle she believed in free love.In practice, however, she loved only Percy.On 22 February 1815, she gave birth to a premature baby girl, who died.The loss of her child induced acute depression in Mary, who was haunted by visions of the baby; but she conceived again and had recovered by the summer.On 24 January 1816, Mary gave birth to a second child, William.Mary's last years were blighted by illness. From 1839,she suffered from headaches and bouts of paralysis in parts of her body, which sometimes prevented her from reading and writing. On 1 February 1851, at Chester Square, she die
Mary first met the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley during her stay in Scotland. Mary and Percy began meeting each other secretly at Mary Wollstonecraft's grave in St Pancras Church, and they fell in love (she was nearly seventeen, he nearly twenty-two).Mary's father disapproved and tried to thwart the relationship.On 28 July 1814, the couple secretly left for France, taking Mary's stepsister,Claire,with them. Mary become pregnant. The couple moved to Nelson Square. They maintained their intense programme of reading and writing.
She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
Percy and Mary
Percy and Mary
Major Characters
Mary Shelley lived a literary life. Her father encouraged her to learn to write by composing letters, and her favourite occupation as a child was writing stories.Her first published work is often thought to have been Mounseer Nongtongpaw, comic verses written when she was ten and a half.Percy Shelley enthusiastically encouraged Mary Shelley's writing: "My husband was, from the first, very anxious that I should prove myself worthy of my parentage, and enrol myself on the page of fame. He was forever inciting me to obtain literary reputation."
She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin, and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft.
Frankenstein is a novel written by English author Mary Shelley about eccentric scientist
Victor Frankenstein
, who creates a grotesque creature in a scientific experiment.

The first edition was published anonymously in London in 1818. Shelley's name appears on the second edition, published in France in 1823.

It has had a considerable influence across literature and popular culture and spawned a complete genre of horror stories, films, and plays.
The novel - 1818
Victor Frankenstein
The monster
He is the horrifying and frightening creation Victor.

In spite of his doom nature, he is sensitive and clever and he tries to integrate himself into human society but he is disdained by everyone.

He tries to convince Victor to create a mate for him, but the creator rejects his request. Thus, torn between revenge and compassion, he ends up being alone and tormented by remorse.

When Victor dies the monster feels relieved and in mourning at the same time: Victor in fact had caused him so much suffering, but eventually he was the only one he had ever felt related to.
Robert Walton
He is the seamen that picks up Victor from the ice, nurses him back to health and hears his story about the Monster. He tells everything in his letters addressed to his sister.

He becomes friend with Victor, whom he will regret once he is dead. Like Victor, Walton is seeking the "country of eternal light" and he is influenced by him.

In the end, he becomes Victor's foil
Minor Characters
Elizabeth Lavenza
: she's Victor cousin and she embodies the novel's motif of passive women, as she seeks Victor's attention.

Henry Clerval
: Victor's boyhood friend. He follows his friend's footsteps as a scientist.

William Frankenstein
: he's Victor's youngest brother and he is strangled by the monster.
He is the protagonist and the narrator of the story.

Convinced that he has found the secret of life, he gives birth to a doomed and grotesque monster, which will ruin his life.

Though he is torn by remorse and he feels guilty, he refuses to tell the truth about the monster.

Victor changes throughout the story: he's initially an innocent youth fascinated by science and he later becomes doomed by the lack of humanness (for he is vengeful).

He could also be considered as a brave adventurer into unknown scientific lands, not responsible for what he has created.
Differences between the novel and the film:
Giulio Fila, Giulia Scassa, Caterina Vicenzi, Sara Mai, Letizia Brandani
Victor Frankenstein and Dr. Jekyll
German painter 1774-1840
Epistolary form: correspondence between

Captain Robert Walton and his sister, Margaret Walton Saville.

Walton explore the North Pole and during the voyage rescues Victor Frankenstein.

Frankenstein tells a story of his life's miseries:
Victor is obsessed with studying outdated theories that focus on simulating natural wonders.
At university he develops a secret technique to impart life to non-living matter.
By a mistake he creats a Monstert:Victor flees and the Creature disappears.

His brother dead: upon arriving in Geneva, Victor sees the Monster at the crime scene, and he think it's responsible.
So Victor retreats into the mountains, but the Monster locates him and pleading Victor ro hear his tale:
Now he is intelligent and he want a female.
Victor doesn't agree.
The Monster kills Clerval's, leaving the corpse to be found where Victor lands in Ireland.

Victor wants to fight the Monster but he doesn't kill him.
They are both obsessed with science experiments that go against the ethics of society
They are forced to work in secret
Since they're not satisfied with what surrounds them, they go beyond nature's laws and they create a fearful creature: Victor gives birth to a doom monster, while Dr. Jekyll finds a potion that allows him to disguise himself from society, under the appearances of the evil part of himself (Mr. Hyde)
The creature they set up will turn out to be their own destruction

• Robert Walton, the North Pole, the first novel sees the monster and Victor, while in the film is the opposite.

• Caroline Beaufort Frankenstein, Victor's mother in the novel dies of scarlet fever, transmitted by his granddaughter Elizabeth Lavenza in the film dies in childbirth while giving
birth to William.

• Victor Frankenstein and Henry Clerval in the novel are old friends, but in the movie you know the University of Ingolstadt, Germany.

• The film claims that Professor Waldman was the first to create a monster stitched from body parts, following the deceased, as in Mary Shelley's novel there is no trace of it.

• Victor Frankenstein, both in the novel than in the film, promises to show a female specimen. In the novel builds it, and then destroys it before animate while in British territory, officially to study with Enrico. In the film, however, does the work in Geneva, sewing the pieces of Elizabeth with those of Justin Moritz, the daughter of the family's maid Frankenstein. Both died because of the monster. The female specimen is a reference to the film The Bride of Frankenstein.

• Victor Frankenstein in the novel has cordial relations with Professor Krempe, while in the film the two have continued and bitter conflicts.
The Creature vanishes.
The ship becomes entombedin ice --> the crew returns south.

Frankestein dead and Walton discovers the creature on his ship.
He drifts away on an ice raft that is soon lost in darkness, never to be seen again.
Elizabeth was killed by the monster, but in the film, unlike the novel, is awakened by Victor stitched the parties to Justin, both in the book that the film is wrongly accused of being the murderess of William and therefore sentenced to death, but while in the film undergoes a lynching by an angry mob in the novel is executed after due process.

• The novel, Victor's father, Alphonse Frankenstein, is an influential politician in Geneva,which has a vast power over the entire Swiss canton, while the film presents him as a doctor in nearly withdrawal.

• The film ignores the figure, even a minor one in the novel, Ernesto Frankenstein, the second son of Alfonso, and first among the younger brothers Victor.

• In the film are left out several aspects of the farming family at whose house escapes the monster, as being in reality the exiles and the figure of Safie that does not appear in the film version.

• In the film, after creating the companion of the monster, no mention of the death of Clervaland Victor detention in a prison in Ireland.

• In the book, the creature cries on the grave of Frankenstein and vows to commit suicide, the film gives death by burning at the stake of the doctor, embracing the corpse of his"father."

• In the book, the creature had "watery eyes and greyish-white hair flowing blacks' eyes in the film could not be made cadaverous also De Niro, who plays the creature is shaved.
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