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Activity 2.2.5: Communication Breakdown

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by

Catherine Shorey

on 20 December 2013

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Transcript of Activity 2.2.5: Communication Breakdown

Regions of the Brain affected
The patient has Alzheimer's is a progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain. It is the most common cause of premature senility
Diagnosis
Life expectancy 8-10 years but some live up to 20 years after symptoms appear. There is no known cure
Prognosis
Treatments
Patient Story
Attacks nerve cells in all parts of the cortex of the brain and some surrounding structures, thereby impairing a persons abilities to govern emotions, recognize errors and patterns, coordinate movement, and remember.
Current medications cannot cure Alzheimer’s or stop it from progressing but they may help lessen symptoms. Medication, environmental influences and some medical conditions also can cause symptoms or make them worse.
Temporal lobe
Frontal lobe
A 78-year-old man comes to your office with his daughter. The daughter reports that her father, Mark, has been confusing the name of relatives and is having trouble controlling his emotions. Her father was once a respected mathematician, but he is now having trouble completing simple calculations. He even claims that he does not know how to play the card game they have been playing since she was a little girl. She tried to get him to shower and put on clean clothes for the doctor’s visit, but he is adamant about the fact that he is clean. Most recently, he has had trouble recognizing people he has known for years. For quite some time, he has had trouble finding items such as his glasses or keys and his daughter attributed this to the natural aging process. Now she is not so sure.
Activity 2.2.5: Communication Breakdown
By: Sydney P. Catherine S. Reme M.

Trouble controlling emotions
Confusion
Trouble with recognition
Loss of awareness
Memory loss
Symptoms
Temporal lobe- Plays a role in the storage of memory
Frontal lobe- Creates of self awareness and where you experience emotions
How it is affected
Physician
To diagnose Alzheimer's disease, doctors conduct tests to assess memory impairment and other thinking skills, judge functional abilities, and identify behavior changes. They also perform a series of tests to rule out other possible causes of impairment.
Geriatric Nurse Practitioner (GNP)
They provide care and treatment to patients who have genetic disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease
Geriatric Psychiatrist
A geriatric psychiatrist helps older patients and their families navigate the transitions of late life when there is an increased vulnerability to illness and loss
Biomedical Professionals that could possibly help
Error in Communication
Conclusion Questions
Diagnostic test
The disease you investigated involved a problem in the nervous system. Explain how other body systems were affected by this error.
a. The early stages of Alzheimer disease primarily affect intellectual functions. Late-stage Alzheimer disease directly or indirectly affects other body systems. The condition is ultimately fatal.
Brainstorm and describe at least two types of medical interventions that may help your patient.
a. Psychosocial Interventions- Having a good relationship with the patient and make sure that you talk to the caretaker
b. Dementia- a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases
Explain why even when their bodies seem to be failing, people with ALS have all of their mental functions and senses intact.
a. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease which affects the motor neurons, rather than the sensory system or the central nervous system
Citations
What is alzheimer's?. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_what_is_alzheimers.asp
Alzheimer's disease fact sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet
Alzheimer's disease. (2013, December 15). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alzheimer's_disease
Alzheimer’s disease. (2013, August). Retrieved from http://www.helpguide.org/elder/alzheimers_disease_symptoms_stages.htm
Quinn, P. (n.d.). Facts about alzheimer's disease. Retrieved from http://www.idph.state.il.us/about/womenshealth/factsheets/alzheim.htm
Tests for alzheimer's disease and dementia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_steps_to_diagnosis.asp
[Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://singularityhub.com/2010/08/16/the-alzheimers-drugs-you-still-cant-get/
Horizon bay memory care by the bay. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.brookdaleliving.calls.net/horizon-bay-memory-care-by-the-bay.aspx
Hill , C. (2008, May 29). How does alzheimer's disease affect communication?. Retrieved from http://alzheimers.about.com/od/symptomsofalzheimers/f/commstages.htm
Mini-Mental State Exam
A mini-mental state exam is a very brief test that the doctor can use to test a person's problem solving skills, attention span, counting skills and memory. It will give the doctor insight into whether there has been damage to different areas of the brain.
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