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Abstinence Only Education

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L Dodd

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Abstinence Only Education

Abstinence Only Education
A Policy Analysis

Team 5: Abby Brown, Dexter Etter, Bobbi Curry, Tara Dodd, Forrest Brewster, and Caroline Klapper
Current Policy Effectiveness
Federal level:
Funds sex ed. in states
Abstinence only required
State level:
Sets standards for schools
-Sex ed. in health class
-AIDS advisory council
Local level:
Social health associations
-Private funding
-Partner with schools

Sex Education
Is abstinence only the best stance to take when educating young children about sexual intercourse? Throughout this presentation we will discuss academic research supporting our views as well as some innovative ideas by various think tanks relating to this topic. To best be able to discuss abstinence only sex education we need to fully understand what it is.
Special Projects of Regional and National Significance
Gives federal grants for abstinence only sex education to community centers and faith based organizations
Programs receiving these funds cannot use any federal funding or private funding for any type of program that educates about safe sex practices or contraceptives
Many states have opted out of receiving any SPRANS federal funding due to strict abstinence guidelines
PREP (Personal Responsibility Education Program provides state funding for abstinence-only and safe sex education to nonprofit organizations

Policy Effectiveness
The United States ranks first among developed nations for both teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases
Indiana is a level 3 state. This means we receive the maximum amount of federal dollars and teach abstinence only education
Level 0 states have an average teen pregnancy rate of 58.78 (out of 1000 girls, ages 14-17). Level 3 states have an average of 73.24
Indiana ranks 20th out of 51 states (including DC) for teen birth rates
Teens who sign a pledge to remain abstinent until marriage are less likely to use condoms during sex
Innovative Ideas
Several states have recently adopted a more comprehensive approach to sexual education
The programs are required to be medically accurate, age appropriate, and evidence based address contraception, anatomy and physiology, gender identity and sexual orientation, dating violence, and sexual assault among many others
-Chicago addresses sexual education in all grades K-12
Europe is well known for implementing a holistic sexuality education programs
-Personal growth oriented
-Does not support "opt out approach"
-Statistics favor holistic approaches
Group Recommendation
Statistics show abstinence only is not as effective as comprehensive approaches to sexual education
Indiana should expand its current policy
-Still include abstinence as an option
-Adopt a more comprehensive approach
-Educate at all grade levels using age appropriate subjects
-Strongly encourage parental involvement
Group Recommendations
My Step-mom has home schooled both of my sisters. She has tried to educate them on sex education by teaching them herself. However she was a little rusty and was able to track down the correct resources at libraries as well as classes being taught. She also took them on “Girl weekends” they would go stay in a hotel, get pizza and just do “Fun” things as well as attending various conferences like these…

Argument for Change
The National Campaign to Prevent Unplanned Pregnancy (2012) conducted a poll in different national regions and socioeconomic backgrounds of parents and teens (12-19)
49% of teens and 74% of parents want abstinence-only education AND safe sex education
65% of adults think federal funding and federal policies should address BOTH abstinence-only education and contraceptive education
Challenges include: getting parents on board and enforcing a state a wide curriculum change
Additionally, some teens may be left with unanswered questions. A comprehensive sex education program might not leave enough time for abstinence discussions
Surveys would be utilized to gauge student parent reactions and to seek out any unintended consequences
Data and Information on the Recipients of Services
In 2008 there were over 13,000 pregnancy cases in Indiana that involved young persons under 19 years old
Sexuality Information Education and Education Counsel of the United States (SIECUS) reported that in 2009 Indiana Youth Risk Survey female students sexual activity was higher than the national average and males were equal to the national average
Statistics such as these prompt Indiana to enact laws to address the need to provide educational materials and resources for young males and females
Abstinence only programs ban educators from discussing was to preventing pregnancy, methods of birth control and how to prevent STDs
These programs don't teach teens the truth; they seem to hide important things that teens should be learning
Hmmmm what should we do???
Argument for Change
Sex ed. Practices in Industrialized Europe vs. U.S.
Teen pregnancy and STD rates lower in Europe
-Attributed to societal openness
and government policy
Why our proposal would work
- Trickle down effect
- Fill in gaps in education/knowledge

I know
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