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Transformational Leadership

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Tamara Hunter

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of Transformational Leadership

By Tamara Hunter and Kristina Khoury

Tamara Hunter: Research, Prezi design, presentation
Kristina Khoury: Research, presentation

Transformational Leadership
Transformational Leadership

Develop a challenging and attractive vision together with the employees

Tie the vision to a strategy for its achievement

Develop the vision, specify and translate it to actions

Express confidence, decisiveness and optimism about the vision and its implementation

Realize the vision through small planned steps and small successes in the path for its full implementation.


Mahatma Gandhi

demonstrated an incredibly charismatic vision and acted in a way that inspired others, a key element of idealized influence.

Transformational Leadership
Definition & Basic Concepts
Transformational leadership occurs when leaders and followers make each other to advance to a higher level of morality and motivation

Through the strength of their vision and personality, transformational leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions, and motivations to work towards common goals

The "Four I's" of transformational leadership

Ordinary (transactional) leaders:

exchange tangible rewards for the work and loyalty of followers

Extraordinary (transformational) leaders:

Engage with followers
Focus on higher order intrinsic needs
Raise consciousness about the significance of outcomes
and new ways to achieve them

Transactional vs. Transformational Leadership

Employee Creativity
Impact of transformational leadership both on followers' creativity at the individual level and on innovation at the organizational level

Transformational leadership influences employees' creativity through psychological empowerment.

Mahatma Gandhi
Nelson Mandela
Martin Luther King

Steve Jobs highly encouraged innovation and creativity among his Apple employees, a key element of intellectual stimulation

Steve Jobs
James MacGregor Burns
Introduced the term
in place of

Distinguish between
ordinary (transactional) leaders
extraordinary (transformational) leaders

Introduced four elements of transformational leadership
Bernard M. Bass
Bernard M. Bass, 1985
Tips for Transformational Leadership
Interest in transformational leadership over the past three decades
is the result of:
Abraham Lincoln
John Kennedy
Information Technology
Warren Fuffett
Peter Lynch of Fidelity
John Bogle of Vanguard

Significant global economic changes from early 1970s

Technological innovations

Heightened levels of competition

Unstable and competitive environment in which significant organizational change was imperative

Bass, B.M., & Riggio, R.E. (2006). Transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Burns' transformational leadership theory. Retrieved June 9, 2014, from http://www.changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/theories/burns_transformational.htm

Duggan, Tara. Transformational Leadership Examples in Business. Retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://yourbusiness.azcentral.com/transformational-leadership-examples-business-4571.html

Dvir, T., Eden, D., Avolio, B. J., & Shamir, B. (2002). Impact of transformational leadership on follower development and performance: A field experiment. Academy of management journal, 45(4), retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://mario.gsia.cmu.edu/micro_2008/readings/dvir_etal_2002.pdf

Gang Wang, I., Courtright, S. H., & Colbert, A. E. (2011). Transformational leadership and performance across criteria and levels: a meta-analytic review of 25 years of research. Group & organization
management,36(223). doi:10.1177/1059601111401017

Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational leadership, creativity, and organizational innovation. Journal of Business Research, 62(4). Retrieved June 10, 2014 from http://yoksis.bilkent.edu.tr/doi_getpdf/articles/10.1016-j.jbusres.2007.07.032.pdf

Hay, Iain. Transformational Leadership: Characteristics and Criticisms. Retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://www.leadingtoday.org/weleadinlearning/transformationalleadership.htm

Hall, John, Johnson Shannon, Wysocki Allen, Kepner, Karl. Transformational Leadership: The Transformation of Managers and Associates. Retrieved June 8, 2014 from http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/hr020

List of Transformational Leaders. Retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://www.legacee.com/on-transformational-leadership/list-of-transformational-leaders/

Riggio, Ronald E. (2009). Are You a Transformational Leader? Psychology Today. Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cutting-edge-leadership/200903/are-you-transformational-leader

Schoemar, PaulJ.H. Nelson Mandella, Transformational Leader. Retrieved June 9, 2014 from http://www.inc.com/paul-schoemaker/what-made-mandela-a-transformational-leader.html

Transformational Leadership. Retrieved June 8, 2014 from http://www.langston.edu/sites/default/files/basic-content-files/TransformationalLeadership.pdf

Yukl, G.(1999). An evaluation of conceptual weaknesses in transformational and charismatic leadership theories. Leadership Quarterly, 10, №2б1999. Retrieved June 8, 2014 from

It's hard enough to change a small company, but Mandela transformed an entire continent.
Transforming Leadership Concept
Transformational Leadership

"Transformational leaders focus on followers, motivating them to high level of performance, and in the process, help followers develop their own leadership potential."
Psychology Today
Developed by James MacGregor Burns in 1978

James MacGregor Burns is a historian and political scientist, presidential biographer, and authority on leadership studies

Burns first introduced the concept of
transforming leadership
in his descriptive research on political leaders
What is it?
James MacGregor Burns. 1978
(Gumusluoglu & Ilsev, 2009)
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