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Transcript of CHARLES DICKENS
- English writer and social critic.
- created some of the world's most memorable fictional characters
- regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period.
CHARLES DICKENS (1812-1870)
Dickens was born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
His parents were John and Elizabeth Dickens.
- John Dickens found himself deeply in debt; In 1824, he was sent to the debtors' prison, being joined by his wife and younger children.
- Charles (12) was employed at Warren's Blacking Factory and cared for by the distant relative Elizabeth Roylance.
- Later on, his father received an inheritance (£450) and was able to repay his debts;
- Charles went back to school. But in 1827, at age fifteen, he was again forced leave school and work at the law office.
- In the following year he became a freelance reporter at court and in two London newspapers.
In 1865 Dickens was involved in the Staplehurst rail crash while returning from Paris.
Dickens narrowly avoided catastrophe as his own carriage was the only one which remained on the track.
Before rescuers arrived, Dickens helped the wounded and the dying, saving some lives.
This event scarred him mentally.
Charles was making sure that the public didn't know that he was travelling with Ellen Ternan, his mistress, as it would have caused a scandal.
Catherine (Hogarth) Dickens: married April 2, 1836 in St. Luke's Church, Chelsea. Separated in 1858
Charles Culliford, Mary (Mamie),
Kate Macready (Katie), Walter Savage Landor, Francis Jeffrey (Frank), Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson,
Sydney Smith Haldimand, Henry Fielding (Harry),
Dora Annie, Edward Bulwer Lytton (Plorn)
Charles Dickens died on Thursday, June 9, 1870
of a stroke.
His place of burial is Poet's Corner, Westminster Abbey, in London.
Charles Dickens' birthplace
Catherine Hogarth Dickens
Dickens' home 1817–1822
The Marshalsea around 1897
Dickens left school and worked ten hours a day pasting labels on pots of boot blacking. Harsh working conditions made a lasting impression on Dickens and later influenced his fiction and essays.
Charles's parents lived quite comfortably until financial difficulties forced the family to sell their household belongings and move to London in 1822
Journalism and early novels
- In 1833 he began to send in impressions and sketches to newspapers and magazines, signing some of them "Boz."
- In 1836 as Sketches by Boz, his first book was published and he gained much success, during which married Catherine Hogarth.
In 1842, Dickens and his wife made their first trip to the United States and Canada.
visit to the United States
He described his impressions in a travelogue,
s, where he attacked slavery and criticised the American press for the American's lack of general information.
During his visit, Dickens spent a month in New York City, giving lectures and raising the question of the pirating of his work in America.
Dickens returned from America with a sense of disappointment. To his friend William Macready he wrote "this is not the republic I came to see; this is not the republic of my imagination".
Actress Ellen Ternan