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The Temple of Zeus
Transcript of The Temple of Zeus
The temple of Zeus, Olympia, obviously is dedicated to the greek god "Zeus" who is also known as "The god of Thunder" or "The God of Gods".
Zeus was the son of the greek gods Cronus and Rhea. As in the greek gods' stories, Cronus swallowed all his children because he was told that he will get overthrown by his son just like he did to his father "Uranus".
The layout of almost ALL greek temples is mainly the same and it consists of:
5- Base of Statue
About the Temple of Zeus
Not to forget the pylons!
The drawings carved on top of the pylons resemble the hierarchy or to be more specific the sacrifice chain where from the sides, the sacrifices are depicted, and at the middle is the king of gods, Zeus.
Pylons of Temple of Zeus
Constructor of The temple of Zeus
was an ancient greek architect who was born in Elis, a greek city. He constructed the temple of Zeus in about 460 BC.
The roman general, Lucius Mummius, ordered to surround the eastern front side and the eastern half of the south side of the temple with twenty-one gilded shields after he looted valuables from the city of Corinth in 146 BCE. Before that, Earthquakes ruined the temple in 522 and 551 BC leaving it partially buried. In 1829 a French team partially excavated the Temple of Zeus, taking several fragments of the pediments to the Louvre Museum. Later on, in 1875, further excavations occured under the the supervision of the German Archeological Institute.
Reliefs and Pictures
Zeus and Hermes's Portrait
The portrait shows the process of delivering sheep and bulls as sacrifice to the priest of Zeus.
Apollo's statue, temple of zeus
Another monument found at the west side of the temple was the statue of apollo.
Statue of Zeus
The Statue of Zeus in Olympia was 13 meters tall. It was sculpted by the greek sculptor Phidias in 435 BC and placed at the sanctuary of the temple. That statue was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world but sadly it was destroyed with no copy or plan found. The only description was from ancient greek descriptions and on coins.
The Greek Gods