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El pretérito para los verbos -AR

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by

Zach Stewart

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of El pretérito para los verbos -AR

el pretérito para los verbos -AR "Pretérito" is just a fancy word for the past tense we are learning. First, do you remember how to conjugate a verb? For most verbs, it's as easy as taking off the ending which is usually "-ar" "-er" or "-ir" ...then add the ending you need, depending on the subject (who does the action). For "-ar" verbs in the present tense the endings are:

yo -o nosotros -amos
tú -as vosotros -áis
él ellos
ella -a ellas -an
Ud. Uds. If you can conjugate verbs in the present tense, the only difference in the past is the endings! The endings are a little bit different, so pay attention and be careful with accents! For the "yo" form, use the ending "-é". An example for the verb "hablar" (to speak) would be:
hablé- I spoke Now you try it with the verb "tomar", as in "tomar el sol" (to sunbathe):
How would you say "I sunbathed yesterday"? "Tomé el sol ayer" or "Yo tomé el sol ayer". Next up is the "tú" form, which means "you" when talking to a friend. If you want to tell or ask someone what they did, use the "tú" form by simply adding the "-aste" ending. "Hablaste" would mean "you spoke" If "bailar" is "to dance", how would you say: You danced. And if you wanted to ask the question: "You danced?" or "Did you dance?", you just have to add question marks! ¿Bailaste? How would you ask someone: "Did you swim?" ¿Nadaste? Bailaste. Now here is when things get tricky, let's see if you can figure out why. We know that the "él" (he), "ella" (she), and "Usted" (you) all use the same ending...but this ending is a little confusing in the past tense. To say "he spoke" or "she spoke" or "you spoke" (when speaking to an adult), you would say "habló" The ending for "-ar" verbs in the past tense in the "él" "ella" or "Ud" form is.... wait for it... wait for it... "-ó" but... but... that's the "yo" form, in the present tense right? not quite... by adding that accent on the "o" we not only change it's meaning, but also the pronunciation when we say the word "Hablo" it should sound like this: "AH-blo" (remember the 'h' is always silent) but when you say "habló" you put the stress on the "ó" so it sounds more like "ah-BLO". try it... say it out loud, no one is listening. Pablo esquió en el agua. Pablo water skied. María compró unas gafas de sol. María bought some sunglasses. Diego buceó. Diego snorkled. wow...that's a bit confusing (for now)... but I have good news... The ending for the "nosotros" (we) form is simple... -amos That's right, it's the same as the present tense, so you just have to use context clues to determine if something like "nadamos" means "we swim" or "we swam" Remember that the "vosotros" form is only used in Spain, and refers to "you all" when talking to a group of friends.

We'll discuss the ending briefly, but not spend too much time on it . The ending for the "vosotros" is

-asteis hablasteis- you all spoke
nadasteis- you all swam
tomasteis- you all took
llevasteis- you all wore Lastly, we come to the "ellos" "ellas" (they) and "Ustedes" (you all) form of the verb. The ending for these is pretty simple:


-aron Try it out on your own... how would you say:

"They spoke" Hablaron. They wore sunglasses. Llevaron gafas de sol. You all swam in the sea? ¿Nadaron Uds. en el mar? Not too bad, right? Just a couple of new endings to learn. Just be careful with pronunciation and you'll be fine! esponja ¿Nadas en el mar cuando vas a la playa? Now write a short sentence saying something you did in the past tense, such as "I swam in the pool" or "I wore a bathing suit to the beach". Stick to '-ar' verbs for now.

hablar
tomar
esquiar
bucear
surfear
escuchar
estudiar Quick! How would you answer that question? Say, "Yes, I swam." Now make your own simple "yes or no" question using an -ar verb.
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