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Women in 1920's to 1930's
Transcript of Women in 1920's to 1930's
World War One's Influence on Women
Women and Education
Many women and some men started to believe that education was important for everyone
During the 1920’s women’s attendance in college and higher education greatly increased
Women were earning 39% of all college degrees
Before the war there was no need for women to gain further knowledge
After the war, women felt that they should be able to continue their education and not be dependent on men
Many women went to All-Women colleges and became teachers or nurses, though some women took risks and went to public post-secondary institutes and went into other careers
Though post-secondary education was expensive, the education was still better than the former teaching ways
In the 1920's women did not have many rights, and compared to men, woman had very limited opportunities
One of the main issues woman faced at the time was that they weren't considered people in the house of law
In 1928 Emily Murphy, Nellie McClung, Irene Parlby, Henrietta Edwards, and Louise McKinney formed a group referred to as the Famous Five
They went to the Canadian Supreme Court to ask to be accepted as persons
The Canadian Supreme court turned down this request
They then went to Privy council in England to fight against the same argument
In 1929 the Privy council overruled the Canadian Supreme Court and passed the women's rights act
“Flapper” was a term used to describe and identify a particular kind of woman back in the 1920’s. The term first appeared in England, after World War One, as it was originally used to describe young, unmarried girls.
Women in the Workforce
During World War 1 women were left in charge of raising a family on their own while their husbands went off to war
Created a dilemma, they had to choose between staying home and taking care of their children or leaving them at home and going to work
Most of the women had to leave their homes and go to work to make money to support their families
Some women had worked in factories making supplies for the war
Others became female nurses and were sent along with soldiers to tend to the wounded
After getting a feel for how it was like to be included in the workforce many women decided to go out to seek jobs
By the end of the war more jobs became open for women and around 23% of all women had jobs, however they were still paid less than men
Arts and Culture
Sports and Olympics
Women Fashion in 1930's
Women's fashion in the 1930s was more conservative than that of the optimistic 1920s
Women’s fashion was more likely long and sleek than short; the flappers look was losing its popularity
New materials became increasingly used for the manufacture of fabrics. Rayon, wool, silk, and cotton were common materials for women's fashion
The Great Depression had a major impact on fashion of this time because of the need to save money
The average women could no longer buy new clothes every few months
They had to remake the clothes they already had, reusing any material that was on-hand
People would often change clothes during the day, once the depression toke over the accustom was cast aside.
Emily Carr is known best as a famous Canadian artist who worked alongside David Milne, Tom Thomson and the Group of Seven
She was also one of the only major female Canadian artists at the time
Some of her paintings were "Above the Gravel Pit-1937", "Blue Sky-1932" and "Big Raven-1931".
Emily Carr was an independent woman who gained prominence at a time when Western Canadians and women artists were not recognized.
Emily lived in a era when opportunities for women were limited and her trips to the forest were seen as inappropriate
She gained a significant reputation in Canadian history for her work
At the Amsterdam Olympic Games, three Canadian athletes were competing in the 100 meter final for gold: Bobby Rosenfeld, Ethel Smith and Myrtle Cook.
Cook ended up being disqualified for two false starts but Rosenfeld and Smith won silver and bronze.
Their victory was definitely a positive for Canada’s social history; a sense of pride and nationalism spread through the country.
Women's sports were made easier than men sports because they were considered weaker than men.
Women didn't want the rules of basketball to change but aggressive characteristics were considered improper behavior for women
The most successful women's team was the Edmonton Grads basketball team
They won games in Canada, United States and Europe
Mary Pickford began in the theater at seven years old she was known as “Baby Gladys Smith”.
She became one of the 36 founders of Academy of Motion Pictures Art
Her reckless social lite role in “Coquette” earned her an Academy Award for the best Actress
During World War One she promoted the sales of Liberty bonds.
There were many other actresses like Deanna Durbin, who became popular in the late 1930s.
The traditional role of women was very limited; they could take jobs as servants or laundresses, but most looked after the home and children while men did the paid work
In the 1920's, some women managed to keep their independence, although they hardly earned as much as men doing the same kind of work
Women were sometimes employed just because they could be paid less than men
Women were discouraged from taking jobs from men
The wide range of background factors and family circumstances, argue that "gender" itself was typically less important than race, ethnicity, or class
Actresses During 1930
Throughout many years, Canadian women continued to persevere and fight for their rights and the ability to be called persons. The vision of what a women is completely changed forever after the 1920's and 1930's. They gained the freedom to do, wear and become whatever they want. Women were no longer stereotyped as just housewives, they were now equal to men.
By: Christina, Dalveen, Hanana, Megha and Jasmin
Women's Right to Vote
Women that had contributed to the war effort at home were allowed to vote
Federal authorities granted them that right in 1918
On 28 January 1916, Manitoba women became the first in Canada to win the rights to vote and to hold provincial office
They were followed by Saskatchewan on 14 March and Alberta on 19 April
British Columbia approved women's suffrage on 5 April 1917, and Ontario suffragists celebrated their hard-won victory one week later on 12 April.
Fashion Trends in 1920's
Hair and Makeup
One important thing that defined a flapper was their clothes
Dresses were trimmed down and lighted in order to allow women to move freely
Common defining features of 1920s flapper dresses included beads, sequins, lace, shimmery fabric and uneven hemlines
To accessorize their outfit women would wear beaded jewelry, chunky heels and either headbands or hats
Flappers wore a particular hat called cloche
Flappers chopped of their long locks of hair in exchange for shorter cuts such as the Bob, the Shingle and the Eton
The bob was the most popular haircut it was simply a blunt cut, level with the bottom of the ears all around the head.
The use of makeup such as rouge, powder, eyeliner and lipstick was also popular
The behavior of women drastically changed
More and more women refused to follow the stereotypical idea of what a woman should be
Their attitude proved to have changed as well as flappers became known for their stark truthfulness, fast living, and recklessness
Women started to express themselves more and more
They developed new habits some women began smoking, which came as a shock because it was something only men had done in the past
Independent women had also started going to parties and clubs
Alcohol consumption had also increased among women
Before WW1, the Gibson Girl was the trend, however, in the 1920s, the "boyish look" was the rage
The waist in women's clothing disappeared, the bust lines were flat and dresses were just above the knees
Women changed their hair and skin to match their clothing by using makeup
Many women chopped off their hair short referred to as a bob
The first time where it was acceptable for women to wear makeup such as lipstick and eyeliner
The hemlines dropped to mid calf
The waist returned
By 1933, padded shoulders, narrow waists, high necklines and fitted sleeves were in style
Women with style wore nude stockings, high heels, large hats with a bow or flower, gloves and nail polish
By the end of the decade hemlines rose up as the necklines dropped
Brighter colors came in
Women's Fashion in the 1930s Continue...