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Transcript of Expository Writing
NOT descriptive writing, which focuses on using flowery language and sensory words
Provides general information on a nonfiction topic
Explains a cause and any resulting effects
Could be used when explaining why the dinosaurs are extinct or the effects of pollution on the environment
Today the students will create an expository text through an ABC book.
This expository activity can easily be differentiated. Let's look at some examples of how it can be modified at various grade levels.
What is Expository?
Expository examples can be found in magazines and newspaper articles, directions and guide books. The focus is most commonly a single topic that the
author wishes to inform the audience about.
Some text features found in expository
writing may include…
•Table of contents
•Subheadings and headings
•Charts, figures, and diagrams
•Bold print, highlights, and vocabulary
Nonfiction Text Features
Expository Text Structures
Cause and Effect
Kindergarten and 1st Grade:
The students will write one word to represent the picture,
or use "Kid Writing" to write a factual sentence about the picture.
5th and 6th Grade:
The students will construct a well written paragraph
using factual information about the topic. The paragraph
must be 4 -5 sentences long.
3rd Grade Lesson:
1. Think of an animal that starts with the letter in the alphabet
found on your paper. Ex: "Dd" - "Dolphin"
2. Next, Draw a picture of your animal in the box found on the
paper. You may add color to the picture if like.
3. Finally, below the picture write three facts that you know
about your animal. These facts must be written in complete sentences.
Problem and Solution
Using Daniels' Writing to Learn activities, the students create an illustration to represent an idea and build on prior knowledge (letter - animal).
Then, the teacher can assess the student's drawing for sounds (phonics) and for the writing component (3 sentences). This is an opportunity for the teacher to evaluate grammar, conventions, and content.
Items are listed in numerical or chronological order
Uses temporal (time-order) words
Examples of this structure include directions
for a task, steps in a life cycle or events in
Tells how two or more things are alike or different
Signaled by words like different, in contrast, alike, same as, and on the other hand
Can be used when looking at book and movie versions of a story, different animals, or life in different times or places
Explains a problem and suggests a possible solution.
Focuses on a question and answer relationship-Why was money invented? How can we save endangered animals?
Tompkins, G. (2011). Teaching writing: Balancing process
and product. Columbus, OH: Allyn and Bacon.
Expository is nonfiction and factual information. The purpose of expository writing is to convey information. Additionally, it is used to explain something, provide instruction and/or present information.
The five major nonfiction text structures include description, problem and solution, cause and effect, sequential, and compare and contrast.
Expository texts must include factual information, however, students need to be aware of plagiarism.
Students need to know the requirements of the writing project. Expository assessment examples can be found on Page 225 of Tompkin's text.
Dolphins swim in the water.
Dolphins travel in groups.
Dolphins are protective of humans.