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Travelling to Ireland

Presentation about the Irish culture.
by

Sofía Valls

on 16 January 2014

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Transcript of Travelling to Ireland

Ireland is a road-tripper’s dream, with scenery and history in every direction.This trip transports you from the Neolithic era to the last days of the first millennium, via the best surviving sites from Ireland’s astonishing history: the prehistoric treasure trove of Cruachan Aí; the ancient passage graves of Newgrange and Loughcrew; the Celtic capital at Tara; and the rich monastic settlements of Clonmacnoise, Glendalough and Cashel.
Celtic History
Ireland has a rich history and its evidence is found in the ruins of ancient monuments and castles, some of which are older even than the pyramids. The first settlers were probably from Scandinavia, who traveled to Scotland, then across to Ireland. The Irish Race is a combination of the three major originating tribes, which became known as the Celtic Race. Even today, the population of Ireland is predominantly of Celtic origin.
The Irish Landscape
The Republic of Ireland (Éire), is about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. Ireland is divided into 32 counties, and as you travel through them, you will notice that the nature of the landscape varies greatly, so that in a short period of time, you will feel as though you have travelled through different countries!
The fascinating beehive huts are characteristic of the area and owe their shape to the ancient method of construction known as drystone corbelling.
Welcome to Ireland!


We are going to make a trip around this wonderful country, to discover how is its culture and learn something about the Irish lifestyle.
Are you ready?
The country
Ireland is an Island, situated in the Atlantic Ocean. Its area is of 70,282km2. Dublin is the capital city of Republic of Ireland. Other important cities are Cork, Limerick and Galway.

Population
The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
Politics
Politically, the island is divided between Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom. Both are part of the Common Travel Area.
History
During its first decade the newly formed Irish Free State was governed by the victors of the civil war. The independence was not until 1949 that the state was declared, officially, to be the Republic of Ireland.
Despite the two jurisdictions using two distinct currencies (the euro and pound sterling), a growing amount of commercial activity is carried out on an all-island basis. This has been facilitated by the two jurisdictions' shared membership of the European Union.
The capital city of Ireland is...
DUBLIN
Other important cities are...
CORK
LIMERICK
GALWAY
Food & Mealtime
The three green leaves of the Shamrock is more than the unofficial symbol of Ireland and one of the marshmallows in Lucky Charms. The Shamrock has held meaning to most of Ireland’s historic cultures. The Druids believed the Shamrock was a sacred plant that could ward off evil. The Celtics believed the Shamrock had mystical properties due to the plant’s three heart-shaped leaves. The Celtics believed three was a sacred number. Some Christians also believed the Shamrock had special meaning- the three leaves representing the Holy Trinity.

Gaelic football
is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance, and in 2003 accounted for 34% of total sports attendances at events in the Republic of Ireland.
PRINCIPAL
SPORTS

In Ireland, hockey, rowing, cricket, rugby union, are organized in an all-island basis, with a single team representing the whole of Ireland in international competitions.
Other sports, such as soccer and netball, have separate organizing bodies in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
WEATHER
The climate of Ireland can be summed up as being
mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall
and a lack of temperature extremes. It is defined as a temperate oceanic climate. The country receives generally warm summers and mild winters, and is considerably warmer than other areas on its latitude.


- Banks:
Banks are generally open from 10 am to 4 pm Monday to Friday.
- Post Offices, Museums, Attractions:
Most post offices are open 9 am to 5 or 6 pm from Monday to Friday
- Pubs:
Pubs should be open between noon and midnight as a rule
of thumb - expect some pubs to be closed on Sundays,
especially in Northern Ireland.
- Public Transport:
Public Transport during the week
generally kicks in at 6 am for commuters, at 7 am in the
urban areas and then starts to wind down from 7 pm. Only
few selected services are running after 11 pm. Saturday
services start later and Sunday services are severely less
frequent. On public holidays Sunday timetables apply.
- Supermarkets:
Generally open along the same lines as High Street Shops,(open
9 am to 5 or 6 pm from Monday to Friday) but with some supermarkets staying open until midnight and a few even open 24
hours.
The leprechaun is likely the most widely known type of fairy living in Ireland. Leprechauns have been in existence in Irish legend since the medieval times. Traditionally, leprechauns are tall fairies and often appear to humans as an old man – much different from the modern view of a small, childlike fairy in a green suit. As legend holds, Leprechauns love to collect gold, which they store in a pot and hide at the end of a rainbow. If a human catches a leprechaun, the fairy must grant the human three-wishes before he can be released.

LEGENDS
Here are the main:
ECONOMY
HOURS OF OPENING (SHOPS, BANKS…)
-The Shamrock
- LEPRECHAUNS
Irish cuisine, representative Irish dishes include Irish stew, bacon and cabbage, potato, boxty, coddle, and colcannon. A full Irish breakfast typically consists of eggs, bacon, sausages, baked tomatoes, mushrooms, white pudding, black pudding, brown bread, toast or scones, with butter and marmalade. It also often contains fresh fruit, fruit juice and tea or coffee. Other traditional breakfast foods include soda bread, pancakes and porridge.
In rural Ireland the main meal of the day (dinner) is generally eaten at lunchtime although this is no longer the case in the cities. Some pubs or bars, however, still serve the traditional large midday dinner. "Supper" in Ireland means a late-night snack, generally a slice of bread with butter and a glass of milk.
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