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Ellis Island: Gateway to America

The History of Ellis Island
by

Urvi Tiwari

on 7 December 2010

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Transcript of Ellis Island: Gateway to America

Rudyard Kipling John Ringling Sigmund Freud Charles Chaplin Woodrow Wilson Harry Houdini Herbert Hoover Walter Disney Cary Grant Albert Einstein Famous Immigrants
who came through
Ellis Island Aurthor and poet - writer of the Jungle Book 31st President of the United States of America Named 2nd Greatest Actor of All-Time
by the American Film Institute Starred in movies such as:
To Catch a Thief (1955)
An Affair to Remember (1957)
North by Northwest (1959) Film producer, writer, animator and director.
Creator of characters such as: Mickey Mouse
Founder of The Walt Disney Corporation 28th President of the United States of America Founder of the Ringling Brothers Circus World famous escapologist and stunt man Physician and neurologist Immigrated from
Austria in 1909. Physicist, philosopher and author Regarded the Father of Modern Physics Silent Film Actor
and Entertainer Immigrated in 1892 Father, Jesse Hoover, emmigrated from Germany Left Britain in 1920
to reside in the US Son of Irish and Canadian immigrants Grand-child of Irish immigrants and son of an English mother Parents immigrated from Germany in 1906 Emigrated in 1921 Immigrated in 1914 Immigrated in 1912 Ellis Island opened its doors to immigrants in 1892 and would finally close in 1954. But even during that short period of time aroun 12 million immigrants entered through Ellis Island; some even became quite famous. The majority of those immigrants were Italian, Jewish, Polish, Scandinavian, German, and Irish.
People began moving into certain areas of Manhattan and New Jersey.
Many of the Immigrants moved into Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, Manhattan, and Astoria. Ellis Island:
The Entrance to the New World The Land of the Free Reality In the 1600s Ellis Island was known as Gull Island by the Mohegan Tribe.
In 1628, Dutch Settlers renamed it Oyster Island because of the rich oyster beds.
On January 20th, 1785, Samuel Ellis purchased the property and gave it his name. Name History Usage Before it was used as an immigrant port, Ellis Island used by the United States Navy as a ammunition depot; it stored around 260,000 pounds of powder.
In 1876, the House Committee of Immigration chose Ellis Island as the new Immigration Center. (the orginal center was Castle Garden in lower Manhattan)
Ellis Island finally shut down in 1954, snce immigration began to decrease Symbolism The "Wall of Honor" outside of the main building contains a list of immigrants processed on the island.
Ellis Island was also known as the Gateway of Dream for immigrants who were processed through, and the Island of Tears for those rejected enterance Reasons for Coming to America Reasons that immigrants came to America were because of religious, political, or economical rights.
Some came to escape a famine, religious persecution, and wars.
Another reason was that many immigrants came for a better life and a chance to pursue the "American Dream" Underneath the
Glamor and Glitz Discrimination occured a lot during the Immigrant Migration through Ellis Island. Such examples were demonstrated often such as when a wealthy male/female came through they were allowed to pass right by, while middle class or poor people had to go through the whole examination process that included going through a medical exam and pass a legal screening, only upon passing these tests could they gain entrance to America. Bibliography Bial, Raymond. Ellis Island: Coming to the Land of Liberty. New York: Houghton
Mifflin Company, 2009. Google Book Search. Web. 25 Nov. 2010.
<http://books.google.com/
books?id=bEhxy9ji3RMC&pg=PT10&lpg=PT10&dq=discrimination+in+ellis+island&source=b
l&ots=y038jI9VLy&sig=KammJufBHG_RjVyBNWIAcrj-WPE&hl=en&ei=Wfz7TL28L4L88Aa4menvCg&
sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CDoQ6AEwBzgK#v=onepage&q=discriminati
on%20in%20ellis%20island&f=false>. Ellis Island Foundation Inc., Family Search Official Site, and Family Tree
Magazine. "Ellis Island Immigrant Experience." Ellis Island. National Park
Service, 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2010. <http://www.ellisisland.org/>.
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