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Role of Canadian Aboriginals During WWII
Transcript of Role of Canadian Aboriginals During WWII
They had to become enfranchised - when they came back, they weren't considered 'Aboriginals' anymore
Had to experience many different conflicts and challenges while enlisting
Men and women were treated equally while overseas Enlistment Many Aboriginals who had not gone to war donated money to support the war :
Women made socks and sweaters for troops overseas; sold moccasins and furs for donation money
Children made more than 75 pairs of socks and raised money
At least 440 Saskatchewan Aboriginals joined the military in World War Two (more than 22 women)
Men who were not accepted into the military moved west to Ontario to work in factories and forests On the Home Front Aboriginals in the 1940's Mandatory services began in 1940 for Aboriginal Canadians
In 1941, Bill 80 was passed - stated that overseas conscription was mandatory if needed (since many people supported it)
Government announced that all able native men of military age could be enlisted for service in Canada or overseas - only the Inuit had a choice to decide whether to join or not (1943) Shortly After the War... The Aboriginal Veterans were not treated as the other Veterans were when they came back from war
They were stripped of their Canadian-Aboriginal citizenship
Because of the Indian Act Restrictions, the Aboriginal Veterans could not receive the same benefits as non-Aboriginal Veterans Lives of several Aboriginal veterans ended in despair and poverty – couldn't re-enter their previous lives (before the war)
In 1995 Aboriginals were finally able to lay Remembrance Day wreaths to remember and honour their comrades, family and friends During World War Two Role of Canadian Aboriginals Saskatchewan's donation was almost twice the amount of any other province
Aboriginal people gave money ($23,000)
Aboriginal bands donated $5 for every person that was received from the Government (in treaty money) "The colonel begins to read the 36 names of our fallen. Tears are in his eyes. He falters and hands the paper to the adjutant who calmly folds the paper and puts it in his pocket and quietly says, 'It is not necessary. They were comrades. We remember.'" – James Brady, Second World War Veteran What? Where? When? Who + What? "In Cree we say 'Kahgee pohn noten took' on Remembrance Day. It means, 'the fighting has ended'." – Irene Plante, Veteran's widow What? QUESTIONS!!!!!! Q:
Why is your topic (Canadian Aboriginals) important to Canada's role in WWII? A:
We think that our topic of "The role of Canadian Aboriginals" was imporant to Canada because when there weren't any more French-Canadian or English-Canadians volunteers the Aboriginals steped up to protect Canadians and Canada. "We're proud of the word volunteer. Nobody forced us. We were good Canadians—patriots—we fought for our country." – Syd Moore, Second World War Veteran Q:
What surprised you about what you learned about your topic? A:
It was surprising that the Aboriginals had joined the army out of free choice after all the difficulties and hardships they went through with the rest of the non-Aboriginal Canadians. Q:
What makes your topic unique? A:
This topic is unique because no one discusses much about what the Aboriginal-Canadians did for Canada, which is quite unfair since they did a lot for Canada, and a fair amount of the information is very inspiring and interesting. The Aboriginal War Veterans Monument Working at a factory for the War-effort THE END by Patricia & Brittany Thanks for listening!