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Copy of Copy of The Caste System In India

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Ryan Churchward

on 17 March 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of The Caste System In India

The Roots!
Changes through time:
First Mentioned in...
VEDAS - ancient Indian religious texts
It says:

“The Brahmin was his mouth, his two arms were made of the Kshatriya, his two thighs the Vaishya, from his feet the Sudra was born"
India's Caste System
What is it?
everyone has a specific purpose, privileges and rights
GOAL: organized, efficient society, PEACE & HARMONY!
India's Caste System
We are going to learn about the Caste sytem, which is a type of social structure which divides people on the basis of inherited social status.
4 levels...
Another
Level...
India`s Caste System
The Untouchables
aka Harijans, Pariahs, Delits
developed through time
bottom of the pyramid
perform "dirty" tasks such as garbage disposal, toilet cleaning & dealing with animal wastes
higher castes must not associate with "impure" people
Legislation in 1950 outlawed discrimination against them
Origin
relaxation of caste rules
more sharing between castes
inter-caste marriages became more frequent and easier
most people have adopted newer careers not traditional to their caste ranking
Still exists but yields widely varying opinions
mostly disregarded by middle class in urban areas
referenced for marital agreements
discrimination has been outlawed but is still a common occurrence
large factor affecting life in villages and rural areas
1947
1992
TODAY
independence from Britain
occupational role changes
always being viewed differently
fabrication of colonists that has nothing to do with the true culture of India
irrelevant ancient history
vital part of India’s culture that will continue its existence forevermore
Although many societies could be described in this way, within a caste system, people are rigidly expected to marry and interact with people of the same social class. India has a well known example of a caste system, although various forms of caste systems can be found in many other cultures as well.
Hinduism subscribes to
Reincarnation.

What do you know
about reincarnation?
What religion did you recently learn about that subscribes to reincarnation?
Sudras – Unskilled Workers—Laborers and Craft workers
Below these four castes are people who belong to no caste
Untouchables – Outcastes, Children of God
Concept of pollution…the most pure at the top (Brahmins) and the most polluted at the bottom (Untouchables)
Each caste has an occupation(s) and contributes to the good of the whole

Members of a caste rely on each other for support
Belong to no caste
Expected to do the “dirty” jobs
Come in contact with animal skins, dead bodies and human feces
Avoid contact with “caste” Indians for fear of “pollution”
Each subgroup of this caste performs a specific service.
Jobs include gardeners, potters, and clothes washers
Responsible for leadership of the people
Often rely on advice from Brahmins
Purpose is to help people of other castes fulfill their dharma
Perform rituals and observe vows for the sake of others
Laws of Manu
Hindu book of sacred law, rules, and restrictions for daily life
Dharma

Code of behavior or set of moral and ethical rules that govern the conduct of each social class. Each group has a different set of rules to live by.
Karma
A person’s social position in the next life is determined by his conduct in the present life.
Reincarnation

A person is born, lives, dies, and is reborn again many times. Souls are reborn many times until they are pure enough to be with the creator, Brahma.
- Caste determined by your hereditary background
- Marriage only among members of same caste
- Occupation choices restricted
- Personal contact with other castes restricted
- Acceptance of fixed place in society
The Hindu Caste System
Shopkeepers who sell products (unlike the Shudra who sell services)
Each caste is born out of Brahma (the creator)
Are there any positive aspects to the system?
Kshatriya—doers
Brahmins—thinkers/knowers
Sudra—do the work
Vaisya—provide food for the belly
So India's caste system is...
Exit Ticket: -- Why does the caste system still exist in India? If it were to suddenly be abolished, what do you think would or would not change?
LEARNING TARGETS
I can analyze how the history of societies impacts them today.
I can trace how societies resulted from historical events.
I can explain the relationship between religion, philosophy, and culture.

Cows are sacred in Hinduism.
Here is a video promoting that.

And just randomly...
Step 1 - Label just the first four castes in your pyramid.
Step 2 - Label the jobs for each caste and draw a picture in the pyramid representing the caste.
Step 4 - Label the parts of Brahma with the caste that fits.
Step 5 - Label the responsibilities for each caste.
Label the Untouchables at the bottom of your pyramid.
Full transcript