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The English Reformation

AP Euro

Kristin Palomares

on 15 July 2013

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Transcript of The English Reformation

The English Reformation
Henry VII
Of York
Of Tudor
second son
Henry VIII
Earned Henry the nickname "Defender Of Faith"
Denounced Martin Luther & his reformist ideals
England's break with Rome arose out of King Henry VIII's desire for a new wife, though ultimately his own motives also combined personal, political, social, & economic elements.
Catherine of Aragon
Mary I
Pope Clement VII
Anne Boleyn
Break With The Catholic Church
Youngest child of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
Betrothed at the age of 4 to the son of Henry VII, Arthur
6 months into their marriage he died, leaving her in power
The English royalty wanted to keep the dowry but no longer wanted an alliance with Spain
She was promised to Arthur's younger brother, Henry
She had to wait to get married because he was too young
Only living heir
Henry VIII's mistress
Henry VIIII looks at the scripture & finds a portion that says if one marries his brother's wife he will be childless
Uses this as evidence for an annulment with Catherine
Nephew of Catherine of Aragon
Opposed annulment
Henry VIII used parliament to threaten the Pope & eventually to legislate a break with Rome
Act of Supremacy
Act of Annates
Act of Restraint of Appeals
Prevented payments of money to the Pope
Forbade appeals to Rome, which stopped Catherine from appealing her divorce
Declared the king as the head of the English Church
Protestant beliefs did not gain popularity during Henry VIII's reign
Some who opposed the king were beheaded
The English church retained many traditional Catholic practices
clerical celibacy
Pilgrimage of Grace
Thomas More
King's chancellor
Author of Utopia
Protestant beliefs did not grow
Henry VIII dissolved the English monasteries because he wanted their wealth
The redistribution of these lands strengthened the upper classes and tied them to the Tudor dynasty & the new Protestant Church
Clergymen in the North revolted in what became the largest rebellion in English history
Thomas Cromwell
managed the formerly monastic lands
reformed & centralized the king's household, council, etc.
"Pilgrims" accepted a truce but their leaders were arrested, tried, & executed
Remained loyal to the Catholic Church
Even after the Irish parliament severed ties with Rome and established the Church of Ireland
Added to English-Irish ethnic hostility that had existed for centuries
2 min
HH: Wives Song
4 min
HH: The Catholic Report
Anne Boleyn
Anne of Cleves
Jane Seymour
Catherine Howard
Catherine Parr
"Not one of the most handsomest women in the world"
Venetian Ambassador
Elizabeth I
Accused of committing incest, adultery, & plotting to kill the king
Beheaded with brother & buried in an unmarked grave
Later, Queen Victoria granted her a proper burial
Worked as a lady in waiting for the French throne
Journeyed to England due to marriage plans
Secretly married the King
Betrothed to Henry VIII within 24 hours of Anne's death

Edward VI
Jane died two weeks after his birth
Only wife to be buried with Henry VIII
Sent court officials throughout Europe to hunt down a bride
Married 2 years after the death of Jane
Was an important potential ally in the event France & the HRE decided to move against the countries who had resisted Papal authority
Upbringing concentrated on domestic skills & not the music/literature so popular at court
Henry didn't find her attractive & often called her a 'Flanders Mare'
Testified that the match had not been consummated & that her previous engagement had not been properly broken
Accepted the honorary title as the 'King's Sister'
1st cousin of Anne Boleyn
Lady in waiting to Anne of Cleves
Married Henry VIII 16 days after Anne of Cleve's death
He was 49, she was 19
Henry VIII called her his "rose without a thorn" and the "very jewel of womanhood"
Rumored to have affairs
Appointed an admirer as her personal secretary
Executed on the Tower Green
Mother worked in Catherine of Aragon's court
Named after wife #1
Fluent in French, Latin, & Italian
1st husband = died shortly after marriage
2nd husband = captured by wild bandits & held hostage, died shortly after being freed
Thomas Seymour
Brother of Jane, wife #3
Asked for her hand in marriage 1st
Married Parr after Henry VIII's death
Interested in reformed faith
Banned books & made possession grounds for arrest & execution
Enemy of conservative court
Warrant for arrest
lost before delivered
was able to avoid imprisonment

Learned Spanish when she was Queen
Divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived!
Taboo Review
Henry VIII
Catherine of Aragon
Mary I
Anne Boleyn
Elizabeth I
Pope Clement VII
Act of Annates
Act of Restraint of Appeals
Act of Supremacy
Thomas More
Pilgrimage of Grace
Thomas Cromwell
Jane Seymour
Edward VI
Anne of Cleves
Catherine Howard
Catherine Parr
Thomas Seymour
2 min
Full transcript