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Thinking in Words: Language as an Embodied Medium of Thought

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by

Rachel Hickman

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of Thinking in Words: Language as an Embodied Medium of Thought

The mind is not only connected to the body but the body influences the mind.

Fundamentally grounded in sensory systems, body morphology, motor systems, and emotion.
Embodied Cognition
Dual-Code Theory
Both visual and verbal information is used to represent information
Latent Semantic Analysis model, Hyperspace Analog to Language model, and Latent Dirichlet Allocation model
Statistical patterns that reveal both experiential data and language-based distributional data.
Word as Tool Theory (WAT)
Abstract concepts require longer lasting social interaction to be acquired.
Conclusion
-Semantic processing uses both experiential and language-based distributional data perform better than models that rely on only one type of data.

-A diverse body of behavioral, electrophysiological, imaging and neuropsychological research implicates natural language in the processing of abstract concepts supporting the embodied representation of language.
Behavioral and Imaging Support for Embodied Language
1. Behavioral experiment
2. fMRI
3. Event-Related Potential (ERP)
4. Low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA)
5. Trans-cranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
Embodied Representation of Language
Supporting Theories
Experiential Support
Thinking in Words: Language as an Embodied Medium of Thought
Words as Metaphors:
I have control
over
him.
There were
sparks
between them.
Affection is
warmth
.
Abstract Words:
DEMOCRACY
ENTROPY
JUSTICE
NUMBER
TRUTH
Natural Language
The symbolic system used by humans to communicate with each other by speech, sign, touch or writing.

Semantic arbitrariness of words and idioms:
English-shoe
French-chaussure
The continuous interaction between the processing of linguistic forms and situated simulation.
Context Availability Theory
Language and Situated Simulation Theory (LASS)
The continuous interaction between the processing linguistic forms and situated simulations
Full transcript