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Creating an Outline for Your Essay

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by

v.a. Velez

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Creating an Outline for Your Essay

Creating an Outline for Your Essay
After you freewrite your ideas and brainstorm on a topic, the next step you will take will be to read over the information you have provided. Look for your main idea and organize your information into logical subtopics so that you can develop a working thesis statement. Additionally, remember to list your supporting details in your introduction.
Introduction with
Working Thesis Statement

The prisoners who stay shackled in the Cave are accustomed to their situation and resist being released. They do not even know there is a higher truth. If they are told about it, then do not understand it.
Example Supporting Point II–
Resistance
One of Plato’s points is that, as ascent is a movement or process, so philosophy is a process, a search for wisdom.
Example Supporting Point–
Movement
Supporting points are subtopics that reinforce your original claim. Furthermore, they also function as topic sentences for each of your supporting paragraphs.
Supporting Point
Supporting details are used to further reinforce your main points. Going by the rule of three (3), use three details to support your topic sentence.
Supporting Detail
Enlightenment proceeds in stages, corresponding to the original situation of the prisoner, the situation of the prisoner who sees the fire and realizes the source of the shadows, the long journey up, seeing things by moonlight, then by sunlight, then finally gazing at the sun.
Supporting Detail
They do not want to turn around, because brightness is painful; even when they are released in the Cave, they resist the long trek to the upper world.
Supporting Detail
After you provide sufficient supporting detail, conclude this section by relating your evidence back to your thesis statement.
Supporting Detail Cont'd
The prisoner is fully enlightened when he realizes that the sun is the source of all other realities or semi-realities, such as the shadows in the Cave, even the Fire (source of light) in the Cave.
Supporting Detail
But at least some can become accustomed to greater light, and when they are, they are grateful for having been led up.

Supporting Detail
A working thesis statement is a prototype for your thesis. You don't have to stick with it; it can be modified as you continue to draft your essay
Example:


The Cave Allegory presents questions about the human condition between (relative) ignorance and enlightenment, appearance, and reality.
To illustrate his point, Plato uses specific examples to mark this quest for knowledge.
One model that he uses is movement, which symbolizes the process of self-education.

The next example that he uses is journeying from darkness into the light, which is a journey that marks the individual's resistance to learning.

Furthermore, Plato also discusses how the individual returns to the cave to enlighten his companions. This is used as an example of how an educated person is drawn to sharing their knowledge with others.
By using these examples, Plato illustrates how the journey from ignorance to enlightenment is one where the individual moves from only seeing the shadows of knowledge to moving out into the Sun to see the truth for what it really is.
Plato uses this example to illustrate that an individual only fully understands the truth of an issue when they see it from all illuminated angles.
Tying It Together
Tying it Together
Plato uses this example to make a statement regarding how, although educating oneself is a difficult journey, understanding the truth is akin to being released from a prison.
Transition on to the next paragraph by providing one sentence with brief detail regarding upcoming information.
Tying It Together
Full transcript