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The History of the Novel
Transcript of The History of the Novel
Rise of the Novel
Middle class formed in the 18th century, and people had the time to read.
Precursors to the Novel
omanticism valued imagination and emotion over rationality
First Novels of the World
UC Wang and Paul Yeo
Roman Empire - The Golden Ass (2nd C.)
Japan - The Tale of Genji (11th C.)
Arabian - Hayy Ibn Yaqzan(12th C.)
Chinese - Journey to the West, Water Margin, and Romance of Three Kingdoms (China, 16th C.)
Korean - Hong Gil Dong (late 16th C.)
The History of the Novel
Definition of the Novel
Poor could purchase books in the reign of queen Victoria
Fictional prose narrative of considerable length
the novel focuses on the
character in different situations
The early novels depict real lifelike middle class characters in real situations.
Le Morte d'Arthur
Miguel de Cervantes
NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE (1804-64)
The Scarlet Letter (1850)
It emphasized middle class culture and value
Human nature is fundamentally good
It flourished during 1880s to the end of WWII
Rejection of romanticism to portray the world exactly as it is.
Acknowledges the darker side of humanity
Characters who were neither good nor bad.
Rejection of tradition and religion for a belief that everything can be explained with science and logical reasoning.
More objective and pessimistic than realism
Characters are shaped only by the natural environment
With the publication of the Uncertainty Principle and the Theory of Relativity, people began to question if it is possible to know anything at all.
The thought that the rules of society are simply opinions of just another human being and not the truth gave to the rise of the anti-hero
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Individualism and non-comformity
Retains elements of romanticism
Some other Important Novels
War and Peace
Crime and Punishment
Thank You for Watching!!
His writing style is marked by a profuse linguistic creativity
JAMES FENIMORE COOPER
Cooper was expelled from Yale University for misbehavior. His service in the US Navy greatly affected his writing. He is know for writing numerous sea stories.
The Last of the Mohicans
(1789 – 1851)
In the bloody and thrilling French and Indian War in the 18th Century, the last of the Mohican tribe warriors escort and protect a British colonel and his two daughters. Of course a romance builds up between the girls and the natives.
"Whatever may be the changes produced by man, the eternal round of the seasons is unbroken"
The Age of Innocence
Newland Archer is a proper New York gentleman in the late 19th century. He was engaged with May, a perfect girl who adheres to the rules of the high class society. However, they were soon interrupted by May's cousin Ellen, who is visiting from Europe. Ellen was unique, carefree and lively, and in contrast, May was a manufactured product of her class: polite, innocent, and utterly devoid of personal opinion and sense of self.
This shows how the environment and upbringing affects how a person behaves.
She was the first woman to win the Pulitzer Prize for literature.
( 1862 – 1937)
"True originality consists not in a new manner but in a new vision"
Having grown up in upper-class, Wharton became one of most astute critics of the privileged Gilded Age.
He loved using satirical humors
in his novels and it was loved
by the readers
His works include
Tale of Two Cities, Christmas Carol, Great Expectations, and much more