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Understanding Health and Wellness

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Kelsie Baker

on 1 August 2016

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Transcript of Understanding Health and Wellness

Understanding Health and Wellness
Study Guide
1. List the three main components of health:
2. List 2 items that positively impact physical health:
3. List 2 characteristics of a mentally and emotionally healthy individual:
4. List the 3 skills given that help maintain healthy relationships:
5. What is the health continuum? Do I always stay in one spot for the entirety of my lifespan?
6. List the 5 categories that influence your health:
7. Of these 5, which one do I have the least control over? Explain.
8. Define prevention, and explain its role in maintaining overall health.

Vocabulary
1. Health
2. Spiritual Health
3. Wellness
4. Chronic Disease
5. Heredity
6. Environment
7. Peers
8. Culture
9. Media
10. Technology
11. Risk Behaviors
12. Cumulative Risks
13. Prevention
14. Abstinence
15. Lifestyle Factors
16. Health Education
17. Healthy People
18. Health Disparities
19. Health Literacy

What is Health?
Health is more than just physical well being!
Health is defined as
The combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being.
WELLNESS
is the overall state of well-being or total health.
The Health Triangle
A person who has balanced health triangle is more likely to maintain a good level of health and wellness.
The Health Triangle
The 3 components of the health triangle:
is all about how well your body functions.

Physical Health
Tips on maintaining good physical health:
Get eight to ten hours of sleep each night.
Eat nutritious meals and drink eight cups of water each day.
Engage in 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity every day.
Avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
Bathe daily, and floss and brush your teeth every day.
Mental/Emotional Health
is about your feelings and thoughts. It’s a reflection of:

How you feel about yourself.
How you meet the demands of your daily life.
How you cope with the problems that occur in your life.

Mental/Emotional health also includes
Spiritual Health - A deep-seated sense of meaning and purpose in life. Involves having a feeling of purpose and a sense of values.

Being spiritually healthy doesn't mean you have to belong to a spiritual group.
Social Health
is getting along with others.

This includes your social network:
Friends
Family
Teachers
Other community members
Maintaining healthy relationships is one way of caring for your social health.
Seek and lend support when needed.
Communicate clearly and listen to others.
Show respect and care for yourself and others.
Tips on how to do this include:
Keeping a balance!
Wellness comes from making decisions and practicing behaviors that are based on sound health knowledge and healthful attitudes. Maintaining wellness means keeping a balance among the three components of health.
Health Continuum
Your health at any moment can be seen as a point along a continuum, or sliding scale.

Activity 1 - Personal Health Triangle
As you mature your position on the continuum continues to change. Unfortunately many Americans start moving towards the lower end.
1/2 of all American adults live with a chronic disease, an ongoing condition or illness. Examples include heart disease, obesity, and cancer.
Using Office 365 you are to create a powerpoint. Your powerpoint is to be about your personal health triangle. You should have the following items should be included in your powerpoint:
Slide 1. A personal health triangle that includes images representing your health in each category, sides of triangle should be correctly labeled.
Slide 2. Mental/Emotional health. You should have a description of why you included the images you chose to represent that area of you health and include 2 ways you can improve in this area.
Slide 3. Physical health. You should have a description of why you included the images you chose to represent that area of you health and include 2 ways you can improve in this area.
Slide 4 Social Health. You should have a description of why you included the images you chose to represent that area of you health and include 2 ways you can improve in this area.
You then need to share PPT with Ms. Baker
Scoring:
Slide 1
Triangle with correct labeling + 3
Pictures (2 per side) + 6 pts
Slide 2
2 image descriptions +4
2 ways to improve +2
Slide 3
2 image descriptions +4
2 ways to improve +2
Slide 4
2 image descriptions +4
2 ways to improve +2

Total = 27
What affects your health?
Heredity, environment, attitude, behavior, media, and technology can all influence your health.
Understanding these influences will help you make informed decisions about your health.
Heredity
All the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents
Why do you think it is important for you to know what health conditions and diseases run in your family?
Environment
The sum of your surroundings
The physical places in which you live
The people who make up your world.
The culture you live in.
Physical Environment
Environmental factors that can affect your health:
neighborhood and school safety
air and water quality
availability of parks, recreational facilities, and libraries
Social Environment
Includes your peers - People of the same age who share similar interests.
The collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group
Attitude - your attitude is the way you view situations, it can effect your health. Optimists are usually in better health than pessimists.
Behavior - you control your own behavior, and can choose to avoid high-risk behaviors in favor of healthful behaviors, like choosing low fat foods or participation in physical activity.
Media & Technology
Media presents you with a constant supply of messages that can influence your decisions. Media- various methods for communicating information.
Technology is a source that media can be delivered through. Examples include radio, television, and the internet.
For valid health information on the internet use sources that end in .gov or .edu. Make sure you check the author of the material and see if it is provided and maintained by professional health organizations.
You can take control of your health by understanding the factors that influence it.

We will be doing a project in which you will research your families health history. Go to my big campus, click on your health class group, and under resources check out your heredity/genealogy project.
Risk Behaviors
Engaging in risk behaviors can harm your health.

You can control most risk behaviors.

Actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has identified six of the most significant risk behaviors for young people under age 24.

1. Tobacco use

2. Unhealthy dietary behaviors

3. Inadequate physical activity

4. Alcohol and other drug use

5. Sexual behaviors

6. Behaviors that contribute to injuries and violence

Risk behaviors carry significant consequences.
 
Both the short-term and long-term consequences can harm your health and well-being. Some risk behaviors can even be fatal.

When you repeatedly engage in certain risk behaviors you expose yourself to the effects of cumulative risks.

Short term
bad breath
yellow teeth
headaches
Long term
lung cancer
emphysema
heart disease

Related risks that increase in effect with each added risk

Cumulative risks
Cumulative risks also increase when several risk factors are combined.

Using a cell phone while driving is a risk.

Speeding is a risk.

Doing both at the same time creates a greater cumulative risk of getting into a car accident.

You can take action to reduce your exposure to health risks.

You can protect your health and minimize the possibility of risk by practicing positive health behaviors.

Another way to reduce health risks is through prevention.

Taking steps to keep something from happening or getting worse

Prevention

One of the most effective strategies for protecting your health is practicing abstinence
A deliberate decision to avoid high-risk behaviors, including sexual activity and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

Abstinence

Reasons to practice abstinence:
Protect yourself from chronic diseases.
Protect yourself from injury.
Show that you value your well-being.
Demonstrate maturity.
Participating in positive health behaviors benefits all three sides of your health triangle.
Scientists have found that positive lifestyle factors improve people’s overall health, happiness, and longevity.
The personal habits or behaviors related to the way a person lives
Lifestyle factors
Positive Lifestyle Factors
Get eight hours of sleep each night.
Start each day with a healthy breakfast.
Eat a variety of nutritious foods each day.
Be physically active for 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Abstain from smoking or using other tobacco products.
Abstain from the use of alcohol and other drugs.
Individual, family, community, and national health require planning and responsible behavior on everyone’s part.
Educating the public is the key to creating a healthier nation.
Health education can empower people to live healthfully and improve their quality of life.
Includes providing accurate health information and teaching health skills to help people make healthy decisions
Health education
The federal government has established national health goals and objectives through Healthy People.
A nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the United States
Healthy People
With the creation of healthy people 2020 Healthy People added new adolescent health goals!

Although adolescence and young adulthood are generally healthy times of life, several important public health and social problems either peak or start during these years. Examples include:
Homicide
Suicide
Motor vehicle crashes, including those caused by drinking and driving
Substance use and abuse
Smoking
Sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Teen and unplanned pregnancies
Homelessness

Goal
Improve the healthy development, health, safety, and well-being of adolescents and young adults.
Overview
Adolescents (ages 10 to 19) and young adults (ages 20 to 24) make up 21 percent of the population of the United States.1 The behavioral patterns established during these developmental periods help determine young people's current health status and their risk for developing chronic diseases in adulthood.2
A health-literate person knows how to find and use reliable health information.
People who are informed know how to interpret the information they need to make good decisions.
To become an informed individual who can make sound health decisions, one must know how to:
Find health information
Decide if the information is correct
Assess the risks and benefits of treatment
Figure out how much medicine to take
Understand test results
In order to increase your knowledge and take steps to improve your wellness, you need to develop health literacy.
A person’s capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services, and to use these resources to promote one’s health and wellness.
Health literacy
Qualities of a Health-Literate Individual
a critical thinker and problem solver
a responsible, productive citizen
an effective communicator
a self-directed learner
Healthy people 2010 established 2 general goals for the future: 1. increase the quality and length of a healthy life for all Americans. 2. Remove health disparities that result from factors such as gender, race, education, disability, and location.
Health disparities
Differences in health outcomes among groups.
Going to the discussion board choose a website that someone else has posted. Answer the following questions by commenting on their post in the discussion board:
1. Is this website reliable?
2. Does this website offer any cool feature or neat health tool? If so what?
3. What is your favorite article or feature on this site?
4. Would you suggest this site to an individual looking for health related information? Why or why not?

Total points = 20 (5 per question/answer)
Physical Health
Runner – I put this image because it depicts my favorite physical activity. I try to run at least 5 times a week.
Chocolate – I put this image because, while I do work out a lot, I like to indulge in sweets. Sometimes past the point of being healthy
My 2 ways to improve: 1. I want to focus more on nutrition. I plan to monitor what I eat. 2. I am going to add a weight lifting routine into my schedule.

Mental Emotional Health
Runner - I chose this example because I use exercise to release stress.
Stress image- I used this example to represent how overwhelmed I occasionally become with stress.
2 ways to improve: 1. Find other ways to cope with stress. 2. make sure I have plenty of time to exercise.
Social health
Group of girls: I chose this image to show that I have a solid group of friends I can count on and call in times of need.
Book: I chose this image to represent my love of reading. This can effect my social health because I tend to get caught up in a good book and this can cause me to ignore important people in my life.
2 ways to improve: 1. I plan to become more open to meeting new people. 2. I am going to start reaching out more the the friends and family I already have so I don't lose those relationships.
Full transcript