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Verb Patterns: "to" x "ing"
Transcript of Verb Patterns: "to" x "ing"
When two verbs go together
(v + v),
two things might happen:
Infinitive or –ing?
Infinitive & –ing?
I wouldn’t risk letting my boyfriend throw a party without me.
I stopped to see the parade go by.
I regret having told you that I would love to go to the party.
My parents used to make me dress as a princess.
verb + verb ‘to’
Verb + ‘to’ Infinitive
Verb + object
+ ‘to’ Infinitive
Verb + (object)
+ ‘to’ Infinitive
I want to go to the cinema.
I want you to do your homework.
I aim to please.
I managed to beat him at poker.
Infinitive or –ing form?
She wants me to go to the party.
I chose you to help me out.
My parents taught me to respect other people.
They allowed her to have the afternoon off.
verb + verb
I never waste time
ironing my clothes.
My family always avoids
talking to me.
I enjoy studying English.
I dread my friends finding out about my secret.
verb + verb ‘bare’ infinitive [without ‘to’]
Let me help you (to) do the exercise.
When I was a kid, they made me wear a uniform. Active Voice
But: I was made to wear a uniform. [Passive Voice]
Infinitive & –ing form?
verb + verb ‘to’ infinitive or ‘ing’ without change in meaning
I began / started / continued to study / studying French.
They didn’t bother to talk / talking to the boss.
I regret having (had) my tongue pierced.
I regret to inform you that you failed the exam.
Buying this house
means paying a high mortgage.
Do you mean to get married?
Love / Like / Hate
I hate paying bills.
I like to pay my
bills on the
Try and study.
Try to study.
I stopped smoking.
I stopped to smoke.
verb + verb ‘to’ infinitive or ‘ing’ with change in meaning
I remember going to Rio at Carnival.
I remembered to buy a souvenir there.
I’ll never forget talking to her every evening.
I forgot to send her a birthday post on Facebook.
I prefer chocolate to coffee.
She seems to prefer watching soap operas to talking to me.
I would prefer to see a movie rather than stay/staying at home.
[prefer = would rather]
I would rather watch a video than go to the cinema.
Hear / See / Watch
We watched all the cars cross the finishing line.
I heard someone coming up the stairs.
I used to go to clubs.
Past Habits = used to + verb ‘to’ infinitive
I am / got used to driving long distances.
Present Habits = get / be + used to + -ing form
Dare can be used without to when there is no object. Compare:
They dared him to jump.
I didn't dare (to) say anything.
How dare you speak like that to me!