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Manobo Tribe

Educational Use only

Loremae Albano

on 10 February 2013

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Transcript of Manobo Tribe

MANOBO Social Organization
and Customs Facts about Manobo Traditional Costumes,
Accessories and etc Important Terms Manobo Dance in Bukidnon Issues Religious Beliefs Languages / Dialects 4 classes SUBGROUPS Political System Economy Where did the Manobo
people came from? Cotabato Manobo,
Agusan Manobo,
Dibabawon Manobo, Matig Salug
Manobo, Sarangani Manobo,
Manobo of Western Bukidnon,
Obo Manobo, and Tagabawa Manobo Compact villages : three or four datu or timuay
(chieftains) Bagani - defenders of the community
Baylan - male/female priest and healer
Commoners - farmers
Slaves - seized in raids, slaves of rulers Each culture believes in one "great spirit." , the creator figure
Believed unseen spirits who interfere in the lives of humans and can intrude human activities to accomplish their desires
The spirits are also believed to have human characteristics.
Animism, the fear of evil spirits, is the mainspring of tribal religion. Every village will have at least one spirit priest, usually a man. Animal sacrifices are required to appease the offended spirit in times of illness. The Manobo have 24 main dialects. The
followingsub groups are more closely related than
others since their dialects are related. They
include the Ata or Langilan Manobo, Talaingod,
Matig-Salug, Tigwa, Dibabawon and
Umayamnon. the lives of Manobos have been catastrophically
altered by the rape of the environment by logging companies. Since the 1960s almost all of the native rain forest has been destroyed. This has rendered the Manobo slash-and-burn agriculture ineffective and no longer viable. Also many Manobo found pleasure in the new way the lowlanders brought, not realizing that the urge for materialism has made them poorer because of their unique lifestyle. Up to 90% of the land that belonged to Manobo has been sold - and is still being sold - to lowlanders. Up to this point in time many Manobo remain subsistence farmers and food gatherers instead of producers but
this lifestyle has become increasingly hard
without a good rain forest. Typical colors are red, black, yellow, green, blue white.
Ginuwatan are inwoven representational designs such as flowers.
Manobo ancestors had blankets of abaca fiber which were linetungan if these had multicolored design, and bayas if plain white.
Agusanon Manobo usually wear red, with contrasting colors for the sleeves and embroidery thread. tengkulu - men's headgear with feathers
busaw - bloodthirst ghouls
gimukod - human soul
ginsa - proposal of marriage
pakabu - a blouse with flared sleeves for women
binukad - the typical Manobo jacket
Balungkag -necklaces made of multicolored small seed beads, small shells, crocodile teeth, coins, or multicolored glass beads strung together to make geometric pattern
paningara - bee hunt
pegako - courtship dance The Manobo
Belong to the original stock of proto-Philippine
or proto-Austronesian people who came from South China
thousands of years ago Upland Manobo practice slash-burn farming
Agriculture production is supplemented by hunting and food gathering.
Agriculture cycle begins in February, where rice and corn are planted Agusanon Manobo: bagani (warrior)
Western Bukidnon Manobo: chosen datu or bai
(female datu)

"A high datu was chosen to act as a mediator
between the various cultural groups." Marriage is traditionally by parental arrangement Hiya hiya humiya is sung during the Samayaan
ritual, the Manobo New Year celebration Traditional fabric for clothes was abaca or
hemp, weaved by the ikat process HISTORY Manobo's Leaders: Tabunay Mumalu 1.) rejected Islam
2.) fled up to the Pulangi
River and branches rose 1.) they became the Maguindanao Banobo (the creek) was the previous name of Manobo
First settlers of Manobo resides in Northern
Mindanao minuvu, manuvu, banobo The total national population including the subgroups is 749,042 (NM 1994) " people " The Umayamnon Manobo wear royal blue, and the Matigsalug, navy blue, with red and white as the favorite embroidery or patch work colors.

The costume style varies with each tribal group.

Binain or decorative patterns are geometric., such as diamonds, rectangles, squares, and triangles; horizontal lines and zigzags
Most Manobo men have two kinds of sawa/sawal, trousers: one for working and the other for festive occasions.
The chief of the bagani had a special attire, which was predominantly red. The red jacket and trousers were embroidered in the same colors and designs as the ordinary man's attire.
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