Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Punk Prezi

No description

Matt Dew

on 7 June 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Punk Prezi

PUNK ! A history... PUNK Like most forms of modern music, can trace it's origins back to the 1950's, and Rock N' Roll . The 1940's, and 50's, saw the birth of rock n' roll . Combing influences from blues, jazz, and the rising sub-genre of R N' B, rock n' roll was spawned and for the first time created a music for young people that they could feel good about . With a few obvious exceptions, rock n' roll was feel good music, to dance to, to rebel to, to enjoy, and to be young for . Although it seems tame, and quaint now, 1950's rock n' roll was about rebellion .It was there to annoy your parents, and this was the key to its success . Like the blues before it, it was loud, and incredibly sexual . Although we now associate him as a grandmother's favourite, with his swinging hips, and devilish smile, Elvis Presley was the embodiment of joyous sexual desire for a generation . Films such as 'The Wild One' and 'Rebel Without A Cause' would epitomize this rebellious aspect, giving the genre it's legendary figures for the next generation to idolize . Of course, this rebellious aspect was what was carried forward by the next generation . Bands such as The Rolling Stones The Animals, The Yardbirds (who would feature future stars such as Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton, and Jeff Beck before morphing into rock giants Led Zeppelin), The Kinks, and later The Who would take inspiration from the blues to lend rock a grittier, harsher tone . I would mark this era and these bands as the true birth of 'Punk' . When these British bands traveled to America, (along with the poppier Beatles) it was known by many as the 'British invasion' . And out of all the bands taking part, one would be prominent to me in the dawning of punk . In comparison to their peers, The Rolling Stones were edgier, grittier, and uglier .They were nicknamed by the Americans as 'the ugliest British band', and it was this reputation that would lead me to cite them as the first in a long line of bands slowly building what would be punk . In particular, the song 'Satisfaction' is particularly predominant as a building block for punks structure . It's lyrical themes were of raw sexuality and frustration, both dominant themes within the later genre of punk .The other key aspect to the lyrics were they were slightly pessimistic as to that they weren't bragging .The song wasn't about being a winner, it was about being a loser, something rare at the time . The other aspect that made it punk to me was it's raw simplicity .Listening to the inherently catchy riff that the song revolves around, you can hear for the first time what would lead to the instrumental style of punk . The simplicity, grittiness, and raw edge leads me to believe it's one of punks greatest achievements . Like any music though, it took others to move it forward past what the Stones had achieved . The Stooges would be the band to do so . The Stooges were formed by Iggy Pop in Detroit during 1967 . Born James Newell Osterberg, Jr. April 21, 1947 in Muskegon, Michigan .He began his musical career as a drummer in several high school bands as a drummer (before he made the decision to switch to vocals) .One of these bands was The Iguanas, from which he got the nickname 'Iggy' . Inspired largely by blues and jazz within his early musical career, it was not until he was introduced to 'garage rock' acts such as MC5 and The Sonics that he truly began to find his style . Laying down a template for the 'godfather of punk' to make his own, fellow Detroit rockers MC5 (sometimes called 'the MC5'), were largely a harsher, grittier form of the psychedelic movement in American culture and music . Like Iggy, and The Stooges would soon after, they took inspiration from The Rolling Stones gritty breed of rock, especially the later, more adventurous material .Their music was fast, excessive, and loud .They were also fiercely political, or if not at least rebellious . Listening to an MC5 album can only be compared to particularly aggressive trip .Like the jazz they loved so much, their songs were largely nonstructural, basing themselves on musical ideas and sloganeering lyrics .This is evident in the fact that their first album was recorded live, rather than in a studio . A brave move, it was these chaotic, uncompromising ideals that would be carried forth by the next generation in the punk story .It also served as testament to the sheer power and velocity of their live performance, and stage presence . They became well known for their awe-inspiring stage presence, commanding nature, and unified image .Using the American flag as persistent imagery, it served as contrast to their left wing/anarchist ideologies .During performances there would often be what appeared as an impromptu speech to the audience, occasionally political, but more often than not a simple matter of ideology, it was this kind of behavior that separated them from the 'Stones . Whereas The Rolling Stones had been rebellious in an almost safe, and positive manner, the MC5 were serious .They engaged their audience with their sheer audacity, they were the dark, aggressive side to the 60s counterculture . What separated Mc5 from the rest of psychedelia was their aggression, and purpose . What seperated them from rock n' roll was their volatility . What separated them from true 'punk' is less clear, perhaps their musical ability, perhaps their long hair (although The Stooges sported both of these aspects) .It doesn't really matter, because in any case, the MC5 were vital in the formation of punk . The last 'pre-punk' band I'd like to mention before moving on to the full blown punk of The Stooges would be The Doors . Iggy was directly inspired by the live performance of Jim Morrison, and although the music was pure psychedelia, the excess of Morrison would be key within punks conception . The excess wasn't simply on stage though, Jim Morrison was well known for his brushes with the law, and was arrested on more than one occasion . One particularly infamous incident happened on March 1, 1969, at the Dinner Key Auditorium in Miami . Morrison had been drinking all day and had missed connecting flights to Miami .By the time he eventually arrived the concert was over an hour late in starting, and he was, according to Manzarek, "overly fortified with alcohol" . The crowd of 12,000 had been packed into a facility designed to hold 7,000 .Shortly into the set it was clear that Morrison had little interest in actually singing .He taunted the crowd saying, "Love me. I can't take it no more without no good love. I want some lovin'. Ain't nobody gonna love my ass?" and alternately, "You're all a bunch of fuckin' idiots!" and screaming "What are you gonna do about it?" over and over again .At one point, Morrison removed the hat of an onstage police officer and threw it into the crowd; the officer, in turn, removed Morrison's hat and threw it . Equipment chief Vince Treanor has said, "Somebody jumped up and poured champagne on Jim so he took his shirt off, he was soaking wet. 'Let's see a little skin, let's get naked,' he said, and the audience started taking their clothes off" .Having removed his shirt, Morrison held it in front of his groin and began to simulate masturbation .Keyboardist Ray Manzarek later described the incident as a mass "religious hallucination" . On March 5, the Dade County Sheriff's office issued a warrant for Morrison's arrest claiming Morrison deliberately exposed his penis while on stage, shouted obscenities to the crowd, simulated oral sex on guitarist Robby Krieger and was drunk at the time of his performance .Morrison turned down a plea bargain that required The Doors to perform a free Miami concert. He was later convicted, sentenced to six months in jail, with hard labor, and ordered to pay a $500 fine .Morrison remained free pending an appeal of his conviction, and would die before the matter was legally resolved . It was this exact kind of behavior that would inspire Iggy, and in turn countless generations of punk idols . It was somewhere between the MC5 trying to make a difference, and simply teenagers trying to have fun, like in rock n' roll . With this in mind, the foundations were laid for Mr. Pop to introduce himself to the world as the first true punk star . He formed a band with Ron Asheton on guitar, Scott Asheton on drums, and their friend Dave Alexander playing bass . Iggy had first been introduced to Ron as the guitarist of The Chosen Few, a low level Detroit based covers band .He later said of his first impressions "I’ve never met a convincing musician that didn’t look kind of ill and kind of dirty, and Ron had those two things covered !" . Originally calling themselves the 'Psychedelic Stooges', they began playing gigs and began creating their own sound, a mix of psychedelia and art, they incorporated home made instruments to gain a chaotic sound that straddled the border between psychedelia and punk . Edwin Pouncey once wrote "The Stooges' early musical experiments were more avant garde than punk rock, with Pop incorporating such household objects as a vacuum cleaner and a blender into an intense wall of feedback that one observer described as sounding like "an airplane was landing in the room." Homemade instruments were also incorporated to flesh out the overall sound. The 'Jim-a-phone' involved pushing feedback through a funnel device which was raised and lowered to achieve the best effect. There was also a cheap Hawaiian guitar which Pop and guitarist Ron Asheton would take turns in plucking to produce a simulated sitar drone, while drummer Scott Asheton pounded away at a set of oil drums with a ball hammer." This D.I.Y. ethic would be carried fourth by every incarnation of punk rock (in various ways) . Like The Doors before them, they also gained a reputation for outrageous on stage presence .Iggy's stage show revolved around self destruction or self degradation, stripping to his waist (or further), before smearing himself with peanut butter or burger meat .He would also go far as cutting himself with shards of glass on stage, or launching himself off stage and into the audience (an antic that would later be named 'stage diving' and is largely assumed to be invented by Pop) . This idea of self loathing or self degradation would also find it's way into his lyrical style .Particularly on the song 'I Wanna Be Your Dog' . A partially psychedelic rant of pent up sexual frustration, it harked back to the Rolling Stones 'Satisfaction', but took the idea to it's extremes . The song added a strong use of metaphors, but kept a simplistic, repeating mantra .He also added references to s&m culture, subtlety in the title, but also in his use of a dog collar while performing live (again, something carried fourth by later generations) .This gave punk it's dirty, degraded reputation, and also to an extend it's anti-social ethic . The song was a masterpiece, and laid the template for punk's sound .It was raw, simple, gritty and dissonant .As was the album it would be released on . After being signed to Elektra Records by Danny Fields they began to plan their debut album . The Stooges planned to record the songs 'I Wanna Be Your Dog', 'No Fun', '1969', 'Ann', and 'We Will Fall' .The five songs were chosen because of The Stooges heavy reliance on them live . Having recorded the five songs, the album was handed in to Elektra, but was rejected on the basis that it needed more material .Iggy himself said 'We handed (the five-song version of the album) in and they refused it .They said, 'There aren't enough songs!' So we lied and said, 'That's OK, we've got lots more songs .' .In fact they had no other songs, but managed to write three more overnight, to record . The album was a masterpiece, alternating between punk and psychedelia (as heard best in my mind on Ann, a mix of the two styles, or by comparing I Wanna Be Your Dog and We Will Fall) .The rawness and simplicity would never quite been emulated since . Backing up the musicianship like a persistent beat was Pop's lyrical genius . Racked with both self loathing and aggression, the themes of the album were lust, frustration, and angst .All in all I can describe his performance simply with the word 'hungry' .Hungry for sex, hungry for excitement, and perhaps most of all... hungry for respect . And what a performance, on I Wanna Be Your Dog he rasped and sneered, on 1969 he pointed an accusing finger directly at the audience, on We Will Fall he created a trip worthy of Pink Floyd, and on Ann he emulated Jim Morrison magnificently in a surprisingly beautiful love song . The Stooges would go on to record two more studio albums (the later under the moniker 'Iggy & The Stooges') during their initial run . During this time they explored their heavier psychedelic and blues influences, moving into hard rock territory .In the last album 'Raw Power' they diversified even more, having punk songs, hard rock songs, as well as out and out blues . Punk then moved it's geographical position from Detroit all the way to New York, and into the hands of a group of teens who would call themselves the New York Dolls . Using gender bending shock tactics deriving from Alice Cooper who came before them, and adding a gritty breed of sneering rock n' roll that fused The Stooges, The Rolling Stones and the MC5, The New York Dolls almost did as much for punk as Iggy did . Stephen Thomas Erlewine once wrote that their sound "doesn't really sound like anything that came before it. It's hard rock with a self-conscious wit, a celebration of camp and kitsch that retains a menacing, malevolent edge ." They took what The Stooges had done and put their own spin on it, blending the genre with the glam rock likes of David Bowie and Marc Bolan, but what was important was the legacy they left behind . Spawning a cult of like-minded bands in New York, the punk scene finally started to take off . Members of The Ramones would later say that before the arrival of New York Dolls, the city was divided into punks and everyone else, or more specifically, Stooges fans and everyone else . So this meant everyone like-minded knew each other, and already had the gang mentality that punk would be associated with, but they had no banner to fly under .Soon though The New York Dolls garish, glittered image would be that banner, and even if they took more influences from The Stooges in image, a new wave of bands was spawned in their wake . Joan Jett (The Runaways), Debbie Harry (Blondie), David Johansen (New York Dolls), Joey Ramone (The Ramones) Centering around the CBGB club in Manhattan, Television, Patti Smith, the Talking Heads, The Heartbreakers and most importantly The Ramones took what they had learned from The Stooges and The New York Dolls and created their own visual, visceral style of rock n' roll, focusing on minimalism and D.I.Y. ethics . The Ramones were formed by friends John Cummings, Douglas Colvin after Thomas Erdelyi had suggested they do so .Soon Thomas took up drumming for the band, John became lead guitarist, and Douglas took to bass and vocals . Soon realising that Douglas could not sing and play at the same time, at least not well, they invited Jeff Hyman (who had recently been fired from glam punk band Sniper) to join as vocalist . He agreed and their line-up was complete . After reading that Paul McCartney used to sign into hotels using the name Paul Ramon, Colvin decided to do the same .Simply adding an 'e' to the end of Ramon, he came up with the name Ramone .He and the rest of the band decided to change their last name to it, as a sign of unity, becoming Joey Ramone (formerly Jeff Hyman), Johnny Ramone (formerly John Cummings), Dee Dee Ramone (formerly Douglas Calvin) and Tommy Ramone (formerly Thomas Erdelyi) . They also all wore the same clothes, and sported similar haircuts . This kind of uniformity heralded back to The Beatles, and was the key aspect that kept The Ramones career alive .As for the leather jackets they wore, they were reference to the greaser styles of the 50's that I mentioned earlier . As for their music, it was raw, simplistic and agressive, yet despite this, they still had great pop sensibilities . After playing a series of shows at CBGB's in New York, The Ramones did two things that would change the face of music forever . First they managed to get noticed by one Danny Fields (manager of Iggy & The Stooges, as well as publicist for The Doors and the man who discovered the MC5), who immediately became their manager (after agreeing to the bands terms that he would pay them $3000 for a new drum kit) .Danny then introduced them to Seymour Stein of Sire Records, who signed them to the label . The Ramones began recording of their debut album in early February, 1976, at Plaza Sound studio . Within seven days and $6400, The Ramones eponymous debut as completed . The album itself kicks off with The Ramones greatest hit to-date, Blitzkrieg Bop .With a catchy call of 'Hey Ho, Let's Go!' and a simple, raw and aggressive three chord riff, the song set the standards for things to come . It's also worth noting that the structure of the song lends it a harder edge, especially the sections where the instruments fade in and out .This draws more attention to the vocals, giving the songs catchy chant more of a slogan aspect .This worked well and it was used as The Ramones' motto for years to come . The album continued in similar blunt fashion, exploring lyrical themes of nazi's, street violence, substance abuse, love and prostitution . Like The Stooges before them, The Ramones sound comprised of a mix between raw minimalism, teenage angst, and pop sensibilities, with a certain dark sense of humour as a built in bonus . Their lyrics and music would come to influence many, and above all, they seemed a band with an identity .While the punk acts before them had bounded madly from one style to another, The Ramones kept a theme that ran through the album which helped it to feel unified, and accessible . I would say the best example of this can be found by comparing the tracks Blitzkrieg Bop and I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend .Both works or simplistic genius, they play well together .Gelling, while being polar opposites within their lyrical content and delivery .Notice in particular the harmonies in I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend taken straight from Venus De Milo by Television, it was this pop element that (for me at least) set them apart for years to come . This was helped of course by the bands image, and the iconic cover art that was made to draw attention to it . Not originally intended as album artwork at all, The Ramones simply met with the photographer for Punk magazine (a music magazine in New York, based around the CBGB scene), Roberta Bayley, who had to take pictures of them for the publication . After the session went surprisingly well, Sire bought the rights to all photos taken, to use for the albums cover . The bleak, minimalistic look perfectly reflected the music held in the album, while also providing a very marketable image for the band . The brick wall and The Ramones stance suggested a very urban feel, and combined with their blank expressions and leather jackets, they came across as a street gang, a reputation that would soon travel across the pond to England . The choice to use black and white photography was also good, and would be copied as a trademark of the punk genre .Again, this reflected the simplicity, and darkness of the music on the album . The final touch, I feel, is the large writing simply reading 'RAMONES' above their head .The use of capital letters and a bold, white font made the writing stand out, and instantly implants the band's name into your memory when you see it . You can just make out the heads of The Ramones in front of the writing, a nice effect and one that I feel was slightly ahead of its time .I like that you can't tell straight away if the writing has been superimposed or if it's graffiti on the wall . After the album had been recorded, The Ramones felt it was time to take their music to a new audience . In the summer of 1976 (often cited as the year that punk truly broke out, with The Damned's single New Rose being released as 'the first u.k. punk single' in October) The Ramones engaged in their first ever u.k. tour . They were shocked by the positive reactions from audiences, given that in the states they were still despised by most, often being booed off stage . Of all the shows though, one played at The Roundhouse in London on July 4th, in support of the Flamin' Groovies, would leave the biggest impact . The performance itself went down brilliantly, but it was those in the audience that made it so special .The Damned, The Clash, The Stranglers and the Sex Pistols were all there and would all be influenced by the performance . It's summed up best though, by the men themselves, in the documentary End Of The Century : The Story Of The Ramones .In the first part there is also talk about their discovery by Seymour Stein and the creation of the first album .Excuse the subtitles . For the rest of their career, The Ramones would find themselves in the shadows of those they inspired, not truly achieving the respect they deserved within the mainstream until the early 2000s (after they had already split up) . It seems to me that like it's said of any great artist, they wouldn't gain true recognition until after their deaths . Although the legacy they left behind is still one to be admired .Despite the lack of critical acclaim they continued to make the music they love for almost two decades, even expanding their musical ideas past their own template . Tracks like I Want You Around and Something To Believe In would show their sensitivity, while The KKK Took My Baby Away and Pinhead would take their dark humour to new depths, and songs like Wart Hog would lend them a gritty, hard edged realism . Meanwhile back in 1970s London, the punk rock scene as we know it was really starting to take off, aided by The Ramones' roundhouse show . The British punk scene actually has it's roots, really, in one man . Malcolm Mclaren was born on the 22nd of January, 1946 .After spending several years at art college, where he developed an interest in anarchist social ideologies, he opened a clothing shop with girlfriend Vivienne Westwood which specialized in teddy boy fashions from the 50's . In 1973, however, he would make a discovery that would change the course of his life forever . While in New York to take part in the National Boutique Fair, he had a chance meeting with the New York Dolls mentioned earlier, and began to provide them with stage clothes .He also unofficially managed them until their breakup in 1975, at which point he traveled home to England . By now he had renamed his store 'SEX' and began to specialize in fetishism (a trend started partially by Iggy Pop and his famous dog collar) . After having been approached by two customers of the store (Steve Jones and Paul Cook) the year before to help with their band, Malcolm returned to them . Since he had last seen them, the pair had been rehearsing regularly with their band named 'The Strand' (the line-up being Steve Jones performing vocals, Wally Nightingale on guitar, Paul Cook on drums, and Glen Matlock on bass), but soon after Mclaren's return Wally was fired so that Jones could take up guitar being unhappy with his position as frontman . The search for a new singer began, and after Sylvain Sylvain of The New York Dolls rejected Mclaren's offer, they began to look locally . In Matlock's words 'Everyone had long hair then, even the milkman, so what we used to do was if someone had short hair we would stop them in the street and ask them if they fancied themselves as a singer .' . This search led them to one John Lydon, who was noted not only for having short, dyed green hair, but for wearing a Pink Floyd t-shirt that had been re-designed to read 'I HATE PINK FLOYD' with holes cut in it . After being approached by Mclaren's friend Bernard Rhodes, John met with the rest of the band in a pub, who were impressed by his appearance .According to Jones, 'He came in with green hair .I thought he had a really interesting face .I liked his look .He had his 'I Hate Pink Floyd' T-shirt on, and it was held together with safety pins .John had something special, but when he started talking he was a real arsehole—but smart .' After leaving the pub they went back to Mclarens SEX boutique, where John auditioned for them by improvising along to Alice Cooper's 'I'm Eighteen' .He would later claim that he was actually taking the mick, trying to 'anti-sing' .Despite this and the fact that the band burst into laughter during his performance, Mclaren convinced everyone to let Lydon join the band . He began rehearsing with the band and they developed their style quickly .Lydon soon gained the nickname 'Johnny Rotten' because of his poor dental hygiene . The band also changed their name at this time . After considering many, they eventually decided upon 'the Sex Pistols', Mclaren later explained that the name came 'from the idea of a pistol, a pin-up, a young thing, a better-looking assassin' .It was a combination of punk music's sex appeal and it's tendency to cause controversy, a bold statement, but not completely meaningless, it's a metaphor for the bands appeal . It was clear from now on that Mclaren intended to market them as the terrorists of the punk rock scene, a tactic that would soon pay off . They began gigging and quickly gained a cult following, based largely around their unique, bold look (supplied mainly by Mclaren's SEX boutique) . Johnny's stage presence was also attracting attention .Like Iggy before him, he focused on causing trouble and organsing anarchy .During one show in support of Eddie and the Hot Rods he threw a fan into the audience, threw chairs around the room, sat with the audience off stage and even smashing some of the main bands gear . In the first interview with them (by NME Magazine) Steve Jones said 'Actually we're not into music .We're into chaos .' .This brief statement would manage to sumerise their career . The 'Pistols like The Ramones or the New York Dolls inspired a series of bands but faster than anyone had before within punk rock, meaning that the bands copying each other were all playing in the same place at the same time, and so a scene started . There was The Sex Pistols, The Damned, The Clash (who were spawned from pub rock act The 101ers) and the Buzzcocks . And each band brought their own ideas to the scene . The Sex Pistols courted anarchy and controversy more than anyone before them, The Clash were driven by left-wing politics and social change, whereas The Damned probably had the best sense of fun to them . The bands continued to play together and individually, also traveling north to spread the music further afield . Soon even more bands were spawned copying the controversial style's of the big three . There were Siouxsie and the Banshees, X-Ray Spex, The Slits, the Buzzcocks and less notable acts such as London and Chelsea . Punk began to garner more and more attention, largely due to Malcolm Mclaren's knack for stirring up controversy, using the Pistols as his tool . During a punk music festival at the 100 club audience member Sid Vicious was arrested for throwing a glass at The Damned that shattered and destroyed a girl's eye .This incident was acknowledged by mainstream newspapers and furthered the scene's reputation for violence . On October 22nd 1976, The Damned released punk rock's first U.K. single in the form of New Rose . The song was a masterpiece, and an instant classic, with a romantic lyrical theme while at the same time still angsty and in your face . Like the rock n' roll of the 50s it really was good time music, to me it screams 'I'm feel great, I love this feeling and if you don't like that then you can fuck off' .It was exactly what music of the time needed, an anti-dote to the hangover from the sixties in which bands like Pink Floyd created their barren, melancholy, musical landscapes . The Sex Pistolssoon followed with their first studio release 'Anarchy In The U.K.' . A much more chaotic song, it perfectly reflected itself and The Sex Pistols' intentions . The union jack artwork created by Jamie Reid also assisted in further advertising the punk scene's classic look by demonstrating the anti-authoritarian ideals with the ripped up union jack, and the look of the bands by adding safety pins and clips . It was almost a week later though, that punk rock would truly be hurled into the mainstream consciousness . On December 1, on the early evening TV show 'Thames Today', The Sex Pistols 'and entourage' (including Siouxsie Sioux) appeared as guests after Queen had pulled out at the last minute . From the off the show's host Bill Grundy goaded and mocked the band making a reference that they were 'as drunk as I am !' .However things didn't begin to get offensive for the public until Steve Jones was asked what the band had done with the £40000 given to them by their record company at which point he replied 'We fuckin' spent it ain't we ?' .Considering this was live television, and completely uncensored, there was no way to cover up the obscenity despite the fact that it was outright banned before the watershed . Rotten was next, after he accidentally used the word 'shit' Grundy mocked him, and made him repeat the word . The worst was to come though, when Grundy (at this time viewed by the band as being drunk) began to flirt with Siouxsie Sioux, at which point Steve Jones turned the tables (all be it in a rather unintelligible way) make Grundy out as the villain . Here's the full footage . The incident became a national scandal after it was picked up by the tabloids, and ever since, punk was regarded as a social menace . This, of course, only increased its appeal to the U.K. teens rebelling against an establishment that they had become disenchanted with . Punk progressed and new bands arose, pushing their own ideas into the genre .Meanwhile the originals also progressed, with The Damned (after releasing the first single) released the first album, Damned Damned Damned . Buzzcocks soon followed suit, and so did The Clash . The Buzzcocks effort (an e.p. entitled Spiral Scratch) was one of the first albums to be self-released after the band borrowed £500 from friends and family to produce it, they then went on to establish an independent record label .A move that would be copied by many, and a strong statement for punks D.I.Y. ethics . It was acts like this that would realise the dream of punk, to be able to create something you could be proud of without the help of others . Punk music was made for and by people who nobody believed in so they inherently needed to do things for themselves . To roughly quote someone who's identity I have forgotten, before punk you had to be an amazing musician to even form a band, let alone be successful, and that left very little hope for kids .Even if they had the natural talent it would be years of training before they could even begin to achieve anything... punk taught them differently . The true meaning of punk is that if you believe in yourself enough, and you're bold enough to follow through on that then you will achieve what you're after .You've just got to try your best . Proving the point, Buzzcock's e.p. sold incredibly well all things considered . Meanwhile a second wave of punk hit the U.K. . While some bands copying the original template had taken it too far, making it stale and predictable, bands such as Sham 69 took it back to its working class, simplistic roots, while still being fresh and new . There was also a fiercely political aspect to these bands, fueled by the fact that they felt no connection to either the left or the right wing political stances . Sham 69 famously found themselves supported by right wing group the National Front, and tried to use their music to bring a little enlightenment to their skinhead fans . Meanwhile the band Crass from Essex were applying the punk sound to an anarchist ideology . Whereas The Sex Pistols encouraged a more fashionable form of anarchy, a social, every day form, Crass suggested it as a genuine political format . This spawned a sub-genre known as 'Anarcho Punk' . Sham 69 : If The Kids Are United... It was at this time that bands like The Specials, Madness, and The Selecter began pioneering 'Ska' or 'Two tone' that would also be influential in the punk culutre, ironically after it was inspired by punk in the first place .The Clash in particular finding inspiration in reggae music and culture (having already covered Police And Theives by Junior Murvin on their first album) . Not long later in 1977 the Pistols achieved a landmark success by getting number 1 in the U.K. charts with their official debut album Never Mind The Bollocks, Here's The Sex Pistols . The album managed to be both stark, and intriguingly complex, with it's heaviest and darkest track Bodies having a surprisingly well written breakdown and build for a Sex Pistols song . It also had their most controversial lyrics to date, with a heartfelt plea against abortion and startling, gruesome imagery . Even the albums artwork was perfect . Bold, minimalistic and very D.I.Y. is simply featured lettering that was apparently cut from newspapers or magazines in a 'ransom note style' . The album was simply perfect, exactly what it set out to be and at points even more, with it's highlights being Bodies, God Save The Queen, and Anarchy In The U.K. . The Sex Pistols then engaged on subsequent tours for the album . In January 1978 they began their first and only U.S. tour . The tour dates were for the most part booked by Mclaren in the deep south of America, where they would cause the most controversy . This was a smart move, since the rest of America would only see them at their worst, and therefore they would garner a greater reputation than what was probably justified . Here's and NBC News Report on the Pistols : During the tour the Sex Pistols themselves really began to fall apart . Sid Vicious was now deeply addicted to the drug heroine and committed worsening acts of violence against anybody he could . He was repeatedly hospitalised , either from injuring himself or from somebody else injuring him . Johnny Rotten on the other hand had began to feel jaded with the band and the music industry in general by this point, and distanced himself from the other band members . On the 17th of January 1978 the band split up, under a week after the last date on their U.S. tour and their last ever show . The show itself was a fitting finale to The Sex Pistols legacy with Rotten introducing the band's encore by saying, "You'll get one number and one number only 'cause I'm a lazy bastard ." .At the end of the song, as the final cymbal crash died away, Rotten issued his final words as a Sex Pistol "Ah-ha-ha. Ever get the feeling you've been cheated? Good night" . He would later state that he did feel 'cheated, and I wasn't going on with it any longer, it was a ridiculous farce. Sid was completely out of his brains, just a waste of space .The whole thing was a joke at that point .Malcolm wouldn't speak to me, he would not discuss anything with me .But then he would turn around and tell Paul and Steve that the tension was all my fault because I wouldn't agree to anything .' Rotten then changed the face of punk music again, this time off his own back and no-one elses (save for his new band mates Keith Levene and Jah Wobble) . Creating a softer more indefinable sound with his new band called 'Public Image Limited' he essentially (much the same as Iggy Pop before him) turned to 'post punk' . He wasn't the only one either, dissatisfied with the way the punk scene was going many acts decided to be more experimental in order to progress creatively rather than stick to the format and do the same thing over and over such as those in the 'OI!' punk movement . Another seminal band in this change-over was Manchester's Joy Division, who started out as a purely punk outfit but after synthesizers were added against the will to an early recording . So with the death of The Sex Pistols it seemed came the death of the most easily definable form of punk, for after their breakup punk spread itself into new subgenres . In the states bands such as Black Flag, Bad Brains, D.O.A., and Dead Kennedys, inspired by The Ramones began to shape Hardcore Punk . These bands shared punks original ethics of desire of talent, but added their own speed and aggression orientated edge . They were also openly inspired by heavy metal bands such as Black Sabbath or Motörhead, which gave them a much heavier, darker sound . Black Flag in particular were very open about these influences, as frontman Henry Rollins shows in this later interview with his solo project . Their music itself was simplistic and raw .Utilising gang vocals that derived from football chants and simple beats, it was punk music by the people for the people, much the same as The Ramones before it . This gave their music a deeper, atmospheric feel along with heartfelt soul searching lyrics . Other post punk or 'new wave' bands such as The Cure, Killing Joke, Gang Of Four, and in America R.E.M. chose to focus on difference and creativity . It was ironic really when you consider that many new wave acts pretty much became what punk had set out to destroy .They were arty, unenthusiastic, and used expensive equipment, drawing parallels to the prog bands that came before them even if not purposely . Here's a sample from Black Flag's debut : Black Flag were one of hardcore's greatest achievements with a strong embodiment of the punk ideal . Their music was simple, raw, and angry, and their shows were just as extreme, garnering them a reputation for violence .Despite this though, they were all very calm and 'normal' people . This is proof of the idea that punk rock, and hardcore especially, was in fact a positive release of the players inner negativity . It was a way to release emotions you couldn't in any other situation, so that after the shows and the recordings they could go back to themselves . Hardcore wasn't just for the states though, in Britain Discharge were pioneering a similar sound in a similar way . Like Black Flag, they leaned on influences from Sabbath and Motörhead, creating something fast heavy and aggressive . Similarly to Crass, they adopted a firm anti-war stance, as well as anti-establishment, and used their music as protest towards the looming horror of nuclear weapons and the cold war . With their combination of speed, heaviness and the punk attitude they directly inspired the thrash metal genre, with bands such as Metallica and Anthrax labelling them as huge influences . Hardcore itself inspired countless subgenres such as thrashcore, metalcore, grindcore, deathcore and even skacore . It was also heavily influential on other genres like thrash metal, grunge, emo (originally 'emotional hardcore') and of course post-hardcore . Punk rock inspired everything that came after it . Thrash metal, grunge, alternative, emo, black metal, death metal, hard rock, and even hip-hop (the beasite boys started out as a hardcore band until they realised that they couldn't play well enough) Punk itself saw a revival by bands such as the Ramones inspired Green Day in the mid 90s onwards, followed by Sum 41 (both of whom were labeled as 'pop punk' but who had little differences between their music and 'true' punk) . There has also been a revival of hardcore punk with bands like Gallows, Letlive. or Cancer Bats . Punk rock was so important to so many because that was the point of it .The bands that played it WANTED people to challenge them, they wanted people to be inspired and form their own bands .It was and always will be the attitude of 'come at me, lets see who's better' . It's because of this that punk will never go away because it's more than a sound, or a fashion statement, or a way of living .It's a mentality . That's why so many bands are punk without even sounding like it, because as long as you have faith in yourself despite the odds, THAT is punk .
Full transcript