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"In Another Country" by Ernest Hemingway

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Remi Second-Hour

on 16 May 2012

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Transcript of "In Another Country" by Ernest Hemingway

An Analysis of "In Another Country" by Ernest Hemingway presentation by Sarah Speckhard, Anand Balar, Erik Schwedland, and Mandy Ploetz Setting Milan, Italy
during World War I (1914-1918)
wartime hospital
around town 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 immigration into U.S. hits peak at 8.8 million immigrants from 1901 to 1910 -Manhattan sweatshop fire kills 146 workers, most of them women
-First Indy 500 race Sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912 - First crossword puzzle invented
- 16th Amendment gives Conress the power to collect income taxes
- Ford introduces revolutionary assembly line -Start of WWI in Europe
-Sinking of the RMS Empress of Ireland after crash with the Storstad causing death of 1073 passengers
-Panama Canal opens
-WWI Chrismas Truce -WWI use of posion gas begins
-Suffrage movement begins
-RMS Lusitania sinks from a German torpedo causing the death of 1,200 passengers, which contributed to the American entry into World War I and became an iconic symbol in military recruiting campaigns -Battle of the Somme in WWI results in the death of 19,240 soldiers and the wounding of 57,470 soldiers
-HMHS Brittanic sinks during service in WWI -Russian Revolution starts
-America enters WWI and declares war on Germany -Arab and British forces commanded by Lawrence of Arabia capture Damascus from Turkish forces
-Germany signs armistice agreement as a step to end WWI - Mussolini creates the Italian National Fascist Party
- First World War ends under Treaty of Versailles -Radical anarchists bomb Wall Street killing 38 people
-League of Nations is forms, but the U.S. Senate votes against joining
-New York Yankees buy Babe Ruth. Historical Background Characters Major
-major character
-dynamic character
-loss of hope shown through loss of hand and passing of wife
-positive impact on narrator Narrator
-major character
-dynamic character
-protagonist
-progresses from hopeless to hopeful Doctor
-minor character
-static character
-positive impacts by distributing hope to other characters Soldiers
-minor characters
-dynamic characters
-negative impacts on main character
-cause hopelessness Soldier without a Nose
-minor character
-static character
-positive impact on main character Literary Devices Style -first person point of view
-journalistic style
-stressed emotions result Imagery -places reader within the story
-adds to story's style Themes persistence -persistent with machines
-the general
-the narrator's loneliness illusion -character faces illusions of a friendly town
-the machines
-the general's facade hope -all characters contribute
-machines
-decisions are based around hope Criticism 1. "Hemingway has expressed with genius the terrors of the modern man at the danger of losing control of his world..." 2. "His writing was exciting and possessed of an extraordinary power of suggestiveness; it won over the reader to the feeling that he was actually participating in the lives of very real men and women. His use of dialogue helped enormously to create this impression." "From the beginning the thing that stirred him most was violence, and the emotions of which he wrote were those stimulated by pain and killing-- war..." Elements of Modernism Hemingway's Life -born in 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois
-enjoyed hunting and fishing as a child
-traveled around the world and was not afraid to put himself into dangerous situations
-when the United States entered World War I, he joined an ambulance unit in Italy
-wounded serving in the front
-spent a lot of time in hospitals
-became a reporter for American and Canadian newspapers after returning to the United States
-soon sent back to Europe to cover events there
-became a member of Americans in Paris.
-suffered from a variety of illnesses that eventually led to his suicide in 1961 "And then crying, his head up looking at nothing, carrying himself straight and soldierly, with tears on both his cheeks and biting his lips, he walked past the machines and out the door" (Hemingway 974). "There was a choice of three bridges. On one of them a woman sold roasted chestnuts. It was warm, standing in front of her charcoal fire, and the chestnuts were warm afterward in your pocket" (Hemingway 970). Metaphor -hawk metaphor
-furthers that narrator is an outcast
-hope within the boy with no nose who is not a hawk "The three with the medals were like hunting-hawks; and I was not a hawk, although I might seem a hawk to those who had never hunted; they, the three, knew better and so we drifted apart...But I stayed good friends with the boy who had been wounded...because I thought perhaps he would not have turned out to be a hawk either" (Hemingway 973). "I knew that I would never have done such things, and I was very much afraid to die, and often lay in bed at night by myself, afraid to die and wondering how I would be when I went back to the front again" (Hemingway 973). "'If he is to lose everything, he should not place himself in a position to lose that. He should not place himself in a position to lose. He should find things he cannot lose" (Hemingway 974). "'Why, Signor Maggiore?' 'Don't call me 'Signor Maggiore''" (Hemingway 974). "We were all at the hospital every afternoon, and there were different ways of walking across the town through the dusk to the hospital. Two of the ways were alongside canals, but they were long. Always, though, you crossed a bridge across a canal to enter the hospital. There was a choice of three bridges. On one of them a woman sold roasted chestnuts. It was warm, standing in front of her charcoal fire, and the chestnuts were warm afterward in your pocket" (Hemingway 970). "We only knew then that there was always the war, but that we were not going to it any more" (Hemingway 972). "And then crying, his head up looking at nothing, carrying himself straight and soldierly, with tears on both his cheeks and biting his lips, he walked past the machines and out the door" (Hemingway 974). "Experimental techniques in art and literature" Hemingway uses an objective journalistic approach to telling the story "Alienation of the individual within society" "I was a friend, but I was never really one of them after they had read the citations, because it had been different with them and they had done very different things to get their medals" (Hemingway 973). "Realistic impressions" the story protrays a realistic narrative story of WWI "Concern with loss of traditional values caused by world events" "'He cannot marry...If he is to lose everything, he should not place himself in a position to lose that'" (Hemingway 974). "Wistful desire to return to pre-War life" "'What will you do when the war is over if it is over?' 'I will go to the States'" (Hemingway 973-974).
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