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A Topography of the Global Sex Trade
Transcript of A Topography of the Global Sex Trade
Burgeoning trafficking in women can be read as a structural part of pan capitalism. Technologies of marginalization always affect women and particularly economically disadvantaged women in their sexuality because powerful players like states, scientific complexes, and military institutions tend to create a sexuality that eroticizes hierarchies.
Because a hierarchical system is based around a capitalistic society there is a demand for sex as a commodity by those who can afford to buy it. Interestingly, the service of sex is provided by women who come from economically disadvantaged economies that have been ravaged by capitalism itself, so in essence it is a cycle. The ruling class perpetuates the inequities for sex workers.
The Ruling class perpetuates the inequities for sex workers.
Trafficking hinges on the displacement of women, their costly transportation across topographies from one cultural arrangement to another, from one spatial organization to another, from one abandoned economy to a place of greater accumulations.
Ironic Paradox: Industries that want to cut costs outsource jobs to countries where there is little to no money, but sex workers are outsourced and sent to countries where there is money - where people will pay for sex. In Ursula Biemann's article, she talks about the different causes of the Global Sex Trade-- Some of the causes are marriage, entertainment, supporting a family, immigration, and economic issues/concerns. The Global Sex Trade is very problematic. It brings a lot of stigma, stereotypes, and negative feelings to it. However, the Global Sex Trade does give opportunities for people, especially women, to start a brand new life.
Personally, I can relate to some of these parts. Especially the women working abroad for a better future. In the Philippines, majority of the workers travel abroad to work as entertainers or sex workers because of lack of money. Many women in the Philippines, will also do these things so they can go abroad-- They want to live a better future and give their families a chance to blossom and change of life. I totally can empathize towards them. For some people in our society, this may be a "shameful" way to earn money but if they don't do it then they will suffer even more. Remotely Sensed: Presenters:
Camila Bianca Casanas
DeCorrah Allen Main Ideas & Important Details Author, artist and Journalist, Ursula Biemann writes of the little known migration of woman, committed voluntarily or forced from socialist or post socialist countries to more developed countries of China, Western Europe and America.
Biemann does the impossible task of tracing the route of these numerous women and and question what must have drove these women from Thailand, Mekong, Burma, Laos, Philippines to industries of global sex trade, agricultural work, mail-order brides and other illegal works of desperation.
Biemann notes the purpose of her works: “A major objective of Remote Sensing is to propose a mode of representation that traces the trajectory of people in a pancapitalist world order... a potentially subversive space which does not adhere to national rules, but netherless a complex material and social space that is formed by economic relations.” Organizations San Francisco Asian Women's Shelter---(SFAWS.org)
"Asian Women's Shelter (AWS) was founded in 1988 by a determined group of women who recognized the absence of accessible services for limited and non-English speaking immigrant survivors of domestic violence in the San Francisco Bay Area. At the time only two national shelters offered services that were culturally competent and language-accessible for Asian women and children: New York Asian Women's Center in New York City and the Center for the Pacific Asian Family in Los Angeles."
Polaris Project--- (PolarisProject.org)
"Polaris Project is committed to combating human trafficking and modern-day slavery, and to strengthening the anti-trafficking movement through a comprehensive approach......
Stella's House--- (stellasvoice.org)
"Our vision is to be the voice that speaks for the orphans of Moldova, from the smallest child, to the older teen. With the number of human trafficking victims on the rise – including victims of child trafficking – it is more important than ever to give these children a voice. With each voice added to ours, we are able to offer a loving home to more of these innocent children, raising them as our own, in a Christian environment." Chapter 8: Living In A Globalizing World WOMN 25: Intro To Women's Studies A Topography of the Global Sex Trade By: Ursula Biemann Edian Gapit Main Ideas & Important Details Main Ideas & Important Details -Bandana Pattanaik: It's either you choose to enter sex work or you're forced. You're a victim - who'll receive sympathy - or you're an agent - who'll not be easily understood. This is how people think despite the large gray areas in between that make it much more complex than that.
-Siriporn Skrobanek: We respect these women because many are illiterate, cannot speak a word of English but still have a strong will and encounter the world. And many of them can survive and struggle in their own way.Movements of exile, migration and international business have created the need for "familiar" services abroad. Filipinas are routed to Lagos (a port city) in Nigeria to cater to Chinese businessmen. Thai women are trafficked to Paris to serve French-born Chinese and Cambodian immigrants. Girls from Nicaragua are sent to SoCal to supply camps of Mexican agricultural workers. Some are kept in mobile trailer brothels circulating Chicano suburbs of LA.
- The clandestine becomes an obscure form of living the locality of culture, a location that remains suspended and transitory...The existence of these women is marked by a constant mobility, their time is scheduled, their space is confined, their civil rights and sexual governance are suspended. Main Ideas & Important Details Globalization is gendered and most people who are moving around looking for a job according to this article are females. The author's movie Remote Sensing shows the global sex trade from the geographic prospective. The video answers the question why women travel across the globe to become sex workers. One of the most popular regions for the trafficking of women is South East Asia. Some women become sex workers voluntarily, those women are usually judged harshly by society.
"A major objective of Remote Sensing is to propose a mode of representation that traces the trajectory of people in a pancapitalism world order wherein the space between departure and arrival is understood as a transnational one, i.e. a potentially subversive space which does not adhere to national rules, but nevertheless a complex material and social space that is formed by economic relations."
Small scale sex trade workers move to other countries where they have some acquaintances, who find them job, don't feel exploited because they feel like they were given a choice, an opportunity to make money to bring home. Amani Johnson Anastasia Sergeeva DeCorrah Allen Statistics: Discussion Questions: • 27 million - Number of people in modern-day slavery across the world.
• 12.3 million - Number of adults and children in forced labor around the world
9.8 million – Number of these that are exploited by private agents for labor or commercial sex
2.5 million – Number of these that are forced to work by the State or rebel military groups.
• 49,105 - Number of human trafficking victims around the world who have been identified.
4,166 - Number of successful trafficking prosecutions in 2009.
335 - Number of successful prosecutions related to forced labor.
• 1.8 per 1,000 inhabitants - Prevalence of trafficking victims in the world.
• 1:9 - Ratio of sex trafficking victims to labor trafficking victims, globally.
• 800,000 – Number of people trafficked across international borders every year, as of 2007.
• 2 million – Number of children exploited by the global commercial sex trade.
• 1.2 million – Number of children trafficked globally in 2000.
• 80% – Percent of transnational victims who are women and girls. 50% – Percent of transnational victims who are minors.14
• At least 56% - Percent of trafficking victims globally who are women.15
• 161 – Countries identified as affected by human trafficking:16
○ 127 countries of origin; 98 transit countries; 137 destination countries.
○ **Note: Countries may be counted multiple times and categories are not mutually exclusive.**
• 116 - Countries that have enacted legislation to prohibit all forms of [human] trafficking.17
• 104 - Countries without laws, policies, or regulations to prevent victims’ deportations.18
• 62 - Countries that have yet to convict a trafficker under laws in compliance with the Palermo Protocol.19
• $32 billion – Total yearly profits, in U.S. dollars, generated by the human trafficking industry.20
○ $15.5 billion, half of the total, is made in industrialized countries.
○ $9.7 billion, one third of the total, is made in Asia.
○ $13,000 per year, on average, generated by each trafficked laborer. This comes to $1,100 per month.• $21 billion - A preliminary estimate of the total financial cost of being in a forced labor situation, rather than a free employment situation, to all workers in forced labor across the globe in U.S. dollars. This includes costs such as loss of wages due to being paid below the market wage or not being paid for all hours worked, inflated costs for accommodations and food, and recruitment costs.***This does not include the commercial sex industry.*** Statistics http://www.bc.edu/content/bc/centers/humanrights/events/jcr%3Acontent/content/download_0/file.res/Human%20Trafficking%20Statistics.pdf http://www.bc.edu/content/bc/centers/humanrights/events/jcr%3Acontent/content/download_0/file.res/Human%20Trafficking%20Statistics.pdf 1. How do you feel about sex trafficking?
2.What do you think are the reasons for women
to enter the sex trade business?
3. Do you agree or disagree with their reasons?
4. How can we combat the sex trafficking going
on around the country? The world?
5. How can we effectively educate others about sex trafficking? Main Ideas & Important Details Camila Bianca Casanas Main Ideas & Important Details (Pt. 2) Camila Bianca Casanas The space in which we write our lives, our bodies, and our sexuality as a heterogeneous one. Look at the existing technologies and networks of knowledge that operate in delimiting and formalizing it. Globalization ----> Capitalism ---> Marketability of women ---> objectification of female sexuality ---> further commodification of women. Satellite visions of globalization are producing a sexual economy in which it has become thinkable to organize women geographically on a global scale. Some women take the route into sex work voluntarily, others not, but there is large grey zone in between these two conditions, a vast field of negotiation. Globalization is a gendered process. There is a large proportion of migrant people looking for work who are specifically female, and the labor of these women is being sexualized.Author is referencing to how sex has transformed into a commodity in the process of Globalization, specifically for women, whenever of wherever there is a disparity of wealth between two adjacent countries.
•ECONOMIC DISPARITY LEADS TO SEX TRADE•ECONOMIC DISPARITY IS CAUSED BY CAPITALISM
•CAPITALISM AND GLOBALIZATION ARE SYNONYMOUS
•CAPITALISM WILL PERPETUATE INEQUITY BECAUSE THE ROLES ALREADY FAVOR A HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM OF PEOPLE WHO CONTROL THE POLITICS OF CAPITALISM/GLOBALIZATION