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Worker's Rights

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by

Rebecca S

on 28 February 2014

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Transcript of Worker's Rights

Factory act
The factory act was a series of acts passed by the parliament of the United Kingdom, then passed to America to limit the number of hours worked by women and children
Child Labor Laws
Strikes and Riots
Lowell Mills

-"Factory girls" were recruited by the corporations during the Industrial Revolution
-Between the ages of 15 and 30
-Usually they were daughters of farmers
-Mills hired women and girls so they would be able to pay less money
-Wages were cut by 15% , women went on strike
-Mill girls led the way in the women's rights movement

Worker's Rights movement
Josephine Clara Goldmark
- She was an advocate of labor law reform in the United sates during the early 20th century
-Worked against child labor and for wages-and-hours legislation (the 8-hour day, minimum wage)
Unions
-Organizations of workers who attempted to win higher pay, shorter work hours, and improved safety conditions
-Being a member of a union gives workers a stronger voice than just asking individually for a raise or improvements in work conditions
-The National Trades Union was the largest union built as a collection of industries
Louis Brandeis
-An American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States
-Known as the "People's Lawyer"
-Fought for worker's rights
-Worked towards a ten-hour limitation on women's working hours
Worker's Rights
-Children worked in harsh conditions
-Children worked as young as 6 years old
-12-14 hours a day with short breaks
-Worked for little to no pay
-The factories were in poor condition
-Children inhaled toxins which often resulted in illness, chronic conditions or disease
-Little fingers, arms and legs could easily get caught in machines

-Strikes were a common form of protest in the 1800's
-The leading cause of strikes and riots were poor conditions in factories, worker's rights, and wages
-A strike is a work stoppage to force an owner to respond to demands of workers
-One of the more famous strikes is The Lowell Mill strike
-Windows were nailed shut, which made for dark work places
-Owners pushed harder and as a result of this a strike was organized


Francis Cabot Lowell
-Created the Lowell Mills
-Lowell started exporting and became the nations largest textile manufacturing center
-Increased the number of firms and the competition



During the Industrial Revolution
-The groups impacted during the worker's rights movement or labor reform were the workers in the factory especially; women
-The labor movement was a success in improving wages and establishing better working conditions
-The business owners were opposed because they lost valuable workers and time when they could have been producing products
-The Labor movement started in mainly in Massachusetts which was where all the factories were located
-The impact today is that now people working in factories have better conditions , higher pay , and less working hours

Florence Kelley
-Social reformer and political activist who helped fix government regulation to protect working women and children
-Worked against minimum wage and, 8 hour workdays, and children's rights
-Made it illegal for children to work under 14 years of age
Robert La Follette
- He was a three term governor and U.S senator
- La Follette pursued public policies to improve the life of farmers,workers,children, and women
Full transcript