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# Two Point Perspective

A continuation from one point perspective
by

## ruth vaughan

on 23 May 2014

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#### Transcript of Two Point Perspective

2 point
perspective

A little history...
in a word...vanishing points!
practice makes perfect!
In your sketchbook, practice drawing 10 cubes from below and above the horizon line.
- Try to use faint construction lines.
We have learned that perspective was used to create depth and dimension to flat images
Perspective was used extensively by Italian artsits during the Renaissance. Artists outside of Italy made their own attempts but were not aware of the advances made in Italy.
The Dutch artist MC Escher (1898-1972) brought the wonderful world of perspective to contemporary art with his use of multiple perspectives to create fantastical compositions.
So what is the difference between one and two point perspective?
With one point perspective, one side of the object is parallel to the picture plane and the top, bottom, left, and right sides converge on one single vanishing point.
With two point perspective, no face, plane, or side of the object is parallel to the picture plane. All the vertical edges are represented as vertical lines in a drawing. The top, bottom, and four side planes converge on two vanishing points.
Drawing in 2 point perspective!
1. The Horizon Line
Draw your horizon line. Remember, where you put your line determines from where you are viewing - low on the page means you are looking from above, high on the page means you are on the ground, and line in the middle means you are probably standing in a normal manner.
2. The Vanishing Points
3. Drawing the objects
Place 2 vanishing points on the horizon line. It might be interesting to see what happens to the shape and look of your objects as you change the vanishing points...
The vertical lines will be parallel to the left and right sides of the page. The lines that create the top, bottom, and sides will converge on the 2 vanishing points - be careful as some of the lines for the faces will go to both vanishing points.
Point of View...
You will be creating a italian inspired historical cityscape using two point perspective. Your cityscape should include:

-a minimum of 8 different sized “buildings”
-at least one object above OR below, and one on the horizon line
-a minimum of 4 “other” objects you would see in a historical city
-shapes other than squares or rectangles should also be included
-windows and doors that adhere to the rules of two point perspective

Your final cityscape should be balanced, utilize the whole page, and should resemble a historical city scene. Make sure you work LIGHTLY in pencil to begin.

You MUST use two point perspective and the final composition should be neat, tidy, and fully shaded (consider the direction of your light source for the shading).

Aspects of Renaissance must be conveyed in your work.
Creating the illusion of depth
Placing objects behind or in front of other objects creates the illusion of depth. Objects in front appear closer than objects behind.
2.
3.
4.
OVERLAPING OBJECTS
Objects appear larger when they are closer and appear smaller when they are further away.
DIMINUATION
Objects that are lower on the picture plane appear closer than objects that are higher up or closer the horizon line.
PLACEMENT
Objects that are close are clearer; objects that are far away are not as clear and will have less detail.
ATMOSPHERIC
1.
I can draw a 2-point cityscape
What is Perspective?
Why do artist's use perspective?
Linear Perspective: a type of perspective used by artists in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point (or multiple points) on the horizon.

Filippo Brunelleschi was the
first to discover
mathematical perspective in
the 1400's!
Then, an artist, Masaccio (ma-sacht-chee-oh), painted Tribute Money, the first known painting to showcase the use of perspective
Two Point Perspective:
A type of linear perspective where all diagonal lines go to TWO vanishing point. One VP is on the left, one is one the right.
the point where the land (or sea) and sky meet
the point(s) on a perspective drawing where all the diagonals (orthogonals) go
In two point perspective, you see the CORNER of an object
Point of View, how we see things.
To create the illusion of 3-D objects on a 2-D picture plane
Castles were not just buildings, they were fortresses made to protect people during military conflict. As a result, most castles shared some basic parts that helped them serve their purpose.
Swallow's Nest Castle, Ukraine
Burgundy Castle, France
Germany
Wales

A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility.
Bodiam Castle East Sussex England UK
For your final project, you will be building a 2 pt. Perspective Castle

Your Castle must include a minimum of 5 different parts to your castle (towers, gates, moats, doors and windows,etc)

Don't forget to add details like bricks,windows, and flags!

Remember the rules of 2 pt. Perspective..use your ruler 100 percent of the time (Horizon line and two vanishing points)
Let's get started!
What is a castle?
Castles were designed to be safe against a lengthy attack from the enemy
A castle was also a community with many staff
(they were also the scenes of important meetings about state affairs)

Symbol of Power
Let's take a look at some castles!
Aim: To create a 2 point perspective drawing, that shows depth using tones.
All: Will understand how to create simple shapes using 2 point perspective.

Most: Will understand how to create depth and realism following 2 point perspective techniques.

Some: Will be able to create tonal depth using colour effectively.
Content of the lesson
1. A brief history
2. The basics of 2 point perspective