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Educational Technology in the Asia Pacific Region
Transcript of Educational Technology in the Asia Pacific Region
Government with the education and technology sectors, community groups and industry envisions to support to the development of the capability of schools to use information and communication technologies in teaching-and-learning and in administration.
It foresees schools to be:
· Improving learning outcomes for students using ICT to support the curriculum.
· Using ICT to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of educational administration.
· Developing partnerships with communities to enhance access to learning through ICT.
New Zealand 2001 ICT Goals and Strategy
In the Adelaide declaration of National Goals for schools information technology is one of the eight national goals/learning areas students should achieve.
The plans for achieving the national goal for IT are left to individual states and territories with the Educational Network Australia (EdNA) as the coordinating and advisory body. Across the states and territories, the common features to planning, funding, and implementing strategies are:
* Fast local and wide area network linking school across the state and territory.
* Substantial number of computers in schools, ensuring adequate access.
* Continuing teachers training in the use of technology for instruction.
* Technical support to each school.Sufficient hardware and software.
* Digital library resources.
* Technology demonstration as modes for schools.
Australia It initiatives
Technology plays many roles in a Smart School from facilitating teaching-and-learning activities to assisting with school management.
Fully equipping a school includes:
* Classroom with multimedia, presentation facilities, e-mail, and groupware for collaborative work.
* Library media center with database for multimedia courseware and network access to the internet.
* Computer laboratory for teaching, readily accessible multimedia and audiovisual equipment.
*Multimedia development center with tools for centralized audiovisual equipment, teleconferencing studio, audio room, video and laser disc video room.
* Teachers room with on-line access to courseware catalogues and databases, information and resource management systems and professional networking tools, such as e-mail and groupware.
*Server room equipped to handle applications, management databases and web servers.
* Administration offices capable of managing database of students and facilities, tracking students and teacher performance and resources, distributing notices and other information electronically.
Malaysia Smart School-level Technology Project
The masterplan has four dimensions:
Curriculum and assessment:
A balance between acquisition of factual knowledge and mastery of concepts and skills.
Students in more active and independent learning.
Assessment to measure abilities in applying information thinking and communicating.
Development of a wide range of education software for instruction.
Use of relevant internet resources for teaching and learning.
Convenient and timely procurement of software materials.
Singapore Masterplan for IT in Education
To provide confidence to educators that they are taking the right steps in adopting technology in education, it is good to know that during the last few years, progressive countries in the Asia Pacific region have formulated state policies and strategies to infuse technology in schools.
Since it is understood that state policies continue to change, it is helpful to examine prevailing ICT policies and strategies of five progressive states/city, namely New Zealand, Australia, Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong.
· Infrastructure for increasing schools’ access to ICTs to enhance education.
Professional development so that school managers and teachers can increase their capacity to use ICT.
· An on-line Resource Center with a centrally managed websites for the delivery of multimedia resources to school.
· A computer recycling scheme.
· A planning and implementation guide for schools.
· ICT professional development schoold/clusters.
Training on purpose use of IT for teaching.
Equipping each trainee teacher with core skills in teaching with IT.
Tie-ups with instructions of higher learning and industry partners.
Physical and technological infrastructure:
Pupil computer ratio of 2:1
Access to IT in all learning areas in the school
School-wide network, and school linkages through wide area network (WAN), eventually connected to Singapore ONE.
Government aims to raise the quality of school education by promoting the use of IT in teaching and learning. The IT initiatives are:
*One average, 40 computers for each primary school and 82 computers for each secondary school.
*About 85,000 IT training places for teacher at four levels
*Technical support for all schools
*An Information Education Resource Center for all schools and teachers.
*An IT coordinator for each of 250 schools should have sound IT plans.
*Computer rooms for use by students after normal school hours.
*An IT Pilot Scheme to provide schools with additional resources
*Review of school curriculum to incorporate IT elements.
*Development of appropriate software in collaboration with government, the private sector, tertiary institutions and schools.
*Exploring the feasibility of setting up an education specific Intranet.
Hong Kong Education Program