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HST Powerpoint Research Project

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Audrey Eichenberger

on 16 April 2010

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Transcript of HST Powerpoint Research Project

Preventing Accidents and Injuries
Research Project By: Audrey Eichenberger
Elizabeth Ko
Period 1- HST I OSHA OSHA stand for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
this is a government agency in the Department of Labor
it works to maintain safe and healthy work environments
sets and enforces standards, provides training, outreach, and education, establishes partnerships, and encourages continuous improvement in workplace safety and health
Some Information that must be Included
on Material Safety Data Sheets... OSHA regulations state that the following must be included in the MSDS:
the chemical identity of the substance (as listed on the label of the bottle) including the names of all of the ingredients
all related health hazards
physical and chemical characteristics, such as the melting point and flash point
precautions for safe handling and proper use Clorox Bleach Within Clorox Bleach, 2 ingredients are included to make the substance potentially hazardous...

Sodium hypochlorite

Sodium hydroxide Body Fluids in the Bloodborne
Pathogen Standard Examples of body fluids included in the Bloodborne Pathogen Standard are...

cerebrospinal fluid

vaginal secretions

amniotic fluid

semen Main Diseases Caused by
Exposure to Body Fluids Although there are many diseases that can be contracted by exposure in body fluids, the main ones are...
hepatitis B virus (HBV)
hepatitis C virus (HCV)
human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV)
all of these often cause difficulties in successul identification, prevention, and treatment Rules and Standards to Observe while Working with Solutions in the Laboratory 1) Never use solutions from bottles that are not labeled
2) Read the labels of solutions bottles at least three times during use to be sure you have the correct solution
3) Do not mix any solutions together unless instructed to do so by your instructor or immediate supervisor
4) Some solutions can be injurious or poisonous. Avoid contact with you eyes and skin. (Use only as directed)

Rules and Standards to Observe while Working with Equipment in the Laboratory 1) Do not operate or use any equipment until you have been instructed on how to use it
2) Read and follow the operating instructions for all major pieces of equipment. If you do not understand the instructions, ask for assistance.
3) Do no operate any equipment if you instructor/ immediate supervisor is not in the room
4) Report any damage or malfunctioning equipment immediately. Make no attempt to use it. Some facilities use a lockout or mechanical equipment to prevent the equipment from being used.

Before you perform any procedure on patients, there are several standards you must observe, which include.. 1) Do not perform any procedures on patients unless you have been instructed to do so. Make sure you have the proper authorization. Follow instructions if you do not understand. Use correct or approved methods while performing any procedure. Avoid shortcuts or incorrect techniques.

2) Provide privacy for all patients. Knock on the door before entering any room. Speak to the patient and identify yourself. Ask for permission to enter before going behind closed privacy curtains. Close the door/and or draw cutains for privacy before beginning a procedure on the patient

3) Always identify your patient. Be absolutely positive that you have the correct patient. Check the identification wristband, if present. Repeat the patients name at least twice. Check the name on the patient’s bed and on the patient’s record.

4) Always explain the procedure so that patient knows what you are going to do. Answer any questions and make sure you have the patients consent before performing any procedure. Never perform a procedure if a patient refuses to allow you to do so.

Ways to Show Respect for a Patient's Right to Privacy... 1) Always knock on the door or speak before entering a patient’s room

2) Explain the procedure so the patient knows what you are doing and answer any questions that they might have for you

Methods you can use to Correctly Identify a Patient... 1) Check identification on the wristband

2) Check the name of the patient’s bed and on the patient's record
Safety Checkpoints that should be Observed before Leaving a Patient or Resident in a Bed
1) The patient is positioned in a comfortable position

2) Check the bed to be sure that the side rails are elevated, if indicated; the bed is at the lowest level to the floor and wheel of the bed is locked to prevent movement of the bed

3) Place the call signal and or other supplies within easy reach of the patient/resident.

4) Open the privacy curtains if they were closed

5) Leave the area neat and clean and make sure no safety hazards are present

When should hands be washed? Wash you hands frequently.

Hands should always be washed before and after any procedure, and any time they become contaminated during a procedure. When should safety glasses be worn? Safety glasses should be worn when instructed to do so and in situations that might result in possible eye injury
How you should handle the following situations... a) You cut your hand slightly on a piece of glass
- Report any personal injury or accident, no matter how minor, to you instructor/ immediate supervisor
b) You get a particle in your eye
- Inform you instructor/ immediate supervisor. Do not try to remove the particle or run anything on your eye beforehand
c) You turn a piece of equipment on but it does not run correctly
- Report the malfunctioning equipment immediately to you supervisor and make no attempt to use it
d) You spill an acid solution on the counter
- Immediately report the incident to you instructor/ immediate supervisor and you will be told how to remove the spilled solution.
e) You start to plug in an electrical cord and notice that the 3rd prong for grounding has been broken off.
-Stop and do not plug in the electrical cord and inform you instructor/ immediate supervisor
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