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Historical Criminal Justice Theories Timeline Poster

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eric salley

on 27 November 2014

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Transcript of Historical Criminal Justice Theories Timeline Poster

Max Weber introduces organizational concepts of the modern bureaucracy and leadership*

1922 Principles of Modern bureaucratic organization

1. Fixed jurisdictional
2. Hierarchical principle
3. Documentation
4. Trained office management
5. Career Commitment
6. Official, stable learnable rules

Historical Criminal Justice Theories Timeline Poster
Joseph L. Massie - 1987

Decision-making is a process involving three components:

1. Choice : Managers consider options and alternatives

2. Thought: Manager excercisess what Massie considers a conscious mental process

3. Purpose: Manager determines
missions, goals, objective, and end statements.
Henry Mitzenberg - 1979

Apex: Top leadership and
management team
Middle Line - Middleline manager and supervisors
Techno-Structure - specialist in the application of complex technologies
Support Staff - Clerical-Administrative personnel who deal with internal matters
Operating core - the actual workforce to do the labor of the organization.

process evaluation is to provide the criminal justice community with technical information that can assist them in developing

impact evaluation is to provide management information needed by Federal, State and local officials and community leaders involved in policy and programming decisions ementing similar programs

Another essential role in leadership is the ability to allocate, which is essentially the ability to know how to use your resources and assign them tasks. In the criminal justice organizations in particular this is vitally important, because if you are in-effective in this then you will fall short in being an optimal department.

Officers also become increasingly confined to their vehicles and isolated from the community. (Scheider, et. al, 2009) this is a prime example to where we have to examine the best route to allocate our resources, and thus where community policing became a impacting resources amongst other things.

In supervising we have to be able to recognize the resources and find the best routes in which to allocate them.


Reporting is one of the key
forms of accountability.
This is not the only
reasoning for reports
anymore, though. Reports have
become the way that the
public receives information
from police officers and
from the criminal justice system.

1960’s- St. Louis installs the first computer assisted dispatching system which opened up law enforcement to the advancements of technology

1970’s- The United States begins to install computers in every police department across the nation and hand written reports become a thing of the past. Typed reports are the new future and they are easier to make, store, and access.


IACP Founded in 1893
The IACP goal is to :
advance the science and art of police services
to bring about recruitment and training in the police profession of qualified persons
launch historically acclaimed programs

Scheider, M.C., Chapman R., Scharpiro, A. (2009). Towards the Uniform of Policing Innovations Under Community Policing. Policing: An International Journal o
f Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 32 Iss: 4, pp. 694 – 718



1907- August Vollmer was the "father of modern policing" and wanted college educated men in his
police force where most departments did not require a high school diploma.

Mary Belle Harris
-wrote a book about her career in penology
" I Know Them in Prison" 1936
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