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Greek Armies

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tyler tannenbaum

on 26 February 2016

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Transcript of Greek Armies

Introduction
Hoplite Army
The Hoplites were one of the first Greek armies from Sparta that would control the conquered cities. They didn't use chariots in battle but they used them for entertainment. The Hoplite army would instead usually ride on horseback to battle. The Hoplites would rely mainly on the carvery they had. The Hoplites' most prized possessions were shields. These shields were called hoplons and were said to have given the Hoplites their name. These shields' lengths were one meter and had a handle on both sides of it. The helmet was the second most valued item with in the Hoplites with the breastplate being a close third valued. These armor pieces would way a huge amount but they still wore it. The shields were also the heaviest parts of their gear. Due to their heaviness, they were slow but they were still good protectors. Later on though, the peltas were invented which were lightweight armor that was popular in the Peloponnesian war.
Athenian Navy
The Ahenians expanded from about 40 to about 300 triremes. Triremes are ships with tons of people directing the boat at once. These ships were usually built in around 600BC. In 500AD, these ships were more common than the other types of ships. The triremes were directed by many people in the Athenian navy. There were 170 people that direct a trireme and these people are usually slaves. There was a ranking system and there would be about 31 people from the high rank directing a ship. There is a middle class and there would be about 27 middle class people directing the ship. The rest of the people would be lower classed people and slaves. People who fight on the ships are marines that wear the armor of a Hoplite.
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Bibliography
Greek Armies
The Greeks took war quite seriously. They would have armies and navies of thousands of people. They also took training seriously even at an early age. There were so many things that the Greeks would have to prepare for war. This is what the Greek armies were made of.
Athene Army
Spartan Army
Sparta and Athene Armies
Any Questions
The Athene army was one of the other strongest armies in Greece. At young ages, boys would have harsh training but not as heavy training as Sparta. Athenians would learn how to jump, fight, and run. Athenians only had to be in the army for two years and usually at the ages of 18 through 20. The only reason that Athenians would be in the army for longer would be if there was a war. One time, the army went on a mission to capture Sparta and built a fort in Sparta. The tough Spartans came and the Athenian army would destroy most of the Spartans and the others surrendered to the Athenians. The Athene army was sickened with plague which make their army weaker.
The Athenian army and the Spartan army were battling in the Peloponnoesian war. Sparta used a strategy where they would first surround the Athenians. After surrounding the Athenians, Spartans would "cut off" their supply of food until they would starve to death. The flame thrower was use in these armies during this war. Both armies would have mercenaries which were poor people who wanted money at a cost of their life. The mercenaries would consist of about 13,000 people. These people would have peltas on themselves for protection. During the Peloponnesian war, farmers would have armor just in case of a battle near their farm. This was useful to the Athenian army because of Sparta's strategy of destroying crops until the Athenians would starve.
Greek Army in Peloponnesian War
By:Tyler
Works Cited
Briam, Leon L., Robert S. Phillips, and Norma H. Dickey. Funk and Wagnalls New Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1979. Print.

Burstein, Stanley M., Richard Shek, and Kylene Beers. World History. Ed. Francis Marie Gipson. Orlando: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2008. Print.

Parker, Geoffry. "Peleponnesian War." History. Ed. Robert Cowley. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing, 1996. Web. 25 Feb. 2016.

"Trireme Ships: The Fleet of Athens." The Athenian Trireme. Ancient Athenes, 2010. Web. 25 Feb. 2016.

"War and Peace." Ancient Greece. Ed. Paul Cartledge. N.p.: U of Cambridge, 1998. 166-92. Print.
The Spartan army was one of the strongest armies in Greece with tons of people in its army. At ages of about 7 to 12 years, children would have a basic education. Boys 12-18 years old would endure training. Some of the training that boys would get was throwing javelins for strength, swimming, endurance training, and running. People in Sparta would join the army at around the age of about 20-30 years old until they were about 60 years old. These army men were called barracks and rarely get to see their families. Some of the beliefs in the army were that a good soldier needs the skills of listening and being loyal but also discipline to themselves.
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